DIW Berlin: Topic Distribution

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846 results, from 41
DIW Weekly Report 46/47/48 / 2019

100 Years of the Modern German Tax System: Foundation, Reforms, and Challenges

The tax and fiscal reforms headed by German finance minister Matthias Erzberger in 1919 and 1920 fundamentally reshaped German public finances. The total tax revenue as a percentage of GDP, or tax-to-GDP ratio, doubled and increased continually until the end of World War II. Since the 1950s, the tax-to-GDP ratio has remained between 22 and 24 percent of GDP most of the time. West Germany’s

2019| Stefan Bach
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Looking for the Missing Rich: Tracing the Top Tail of the Wealth Distribution

We analyse the top tail of the wealth distribution in France, Germany, and Spain using the first and second waves of the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS). Since top wealth is likely to be under-represented in household surveys, we integrate big fortunes from rich lists, estimate a Pareto distribution, and impute the missing rich. In addition to the Forbes list, we rely on national

In: International Tax and Public Finance 26 (2019), 6, S. 1234-1258 | Stefan Bach, Andreas Thiemann, Aline Zucco
SOEPpapers 1052 / 2019

The Distribution of Well-Being among Europeans

We analyse the evolution of EU citizens’ living standards, considering the EU as a single country. Average living standards have improved considerably as the European integration process has unfolded. EU28 income inequality has steadily declined, mostly as a result of the macroeconomic convergence of new EU-accession countries. EU15 income inequality fell steadily until the mid-1980s, but picked

2019| Andrea Brandolini, Alfonso Rosolia
SOEPpapers 1054 / 2019

Gendered Wealth Losses after Dissolution of Cohabitation but not Marriage in Germany

Objective: To document gender differences in how economic wealth changes following the dissolution of marriage and cohabitation in Germany. Background: Wealth can be an important resource to deal with the adverse economic consequences of union dissolution. Marital property regimes usually ensure that both partners receive a share of the couples’ wealth following a divorce. The dissolution of

2019| Diederik Boertien, Philipp M. Lersch
DIW Weekly Report 44/45 / 2019

A Comparison of Earnings Justice throughout Europe: Widespread Approval in Germany for Income Distribution According to Need and Equity

The present study compares the perceptions of fairness of national earned incomes between the populations of Germany and the rest of Europe based on recent data from the European Social Survey (ESS). The vast majority of European respondents consider very low gross earned incomes to be unjustly low. By contrast, very high incomes are less frequently considered too high in Germany than they are in

2019| Jule Adriaans, Philipp Eisnecker, Stefan Liebig
DIW Weekly Report 34 / 2019

At Opposite Poles: How the Success of the Green Party and AfD Reflects the Geographical and Social Cleavages in Germany

German voters in the 2019 European election showed remarkable regional differences in their voting behavior. The Green Party surged in West German districts, while the AfD further consolidated its successes in East Germany. Investigating structural differences at the district level reveals that the Green party is particularly popular in economically strong, demographically young, and dynamic

2019| Christian Franz, Marcel Fratzscher, Alexander S. Kritikos
SOEPpapers 1050 / 2019

Transitioning Towards More Equality? Wealth Gender Differences and the Changing Role of Explanatory Factors over Time

The objective of the study is to investigate the changing role of explanatory factors of wealth and the gender wealth gap in Germany over the period 2002-2012 using individual level microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel. The authors apply distributional decomposition methods and focus on the role of changes in labor supply, permanent income, portfolio composition, and marital status in

2019| Eva Sierminska, Daniela Piazzalunga, Markus M. Grabka
Monographien

Essays on Inequality: Income Distribution, (Just) Taxation and Well-being

This dissertation focuses on three dimensions of inequality: income, (just) taxation, and well-being. All chapters focus on a similar time horizon (2000 to 2015) and essentially on the same geographical area, Germany. The chapters are organized in four parts, each examining a specific research question and based on evidence from microdata - the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). The analysis of

Berlin: FU Berlin, 2019, IX, 151 S. | Maria Metzing
Diskussionspapiere 1816 / 2019

Income Redistribution, Consumer Credit, and Keeping up with the Riches

In this study, we set up a DSGE model with upward looking consumption comparison and show that consumption externalities are an important driver of consumer credit dynamics. Our model economy is populated by two different household types. Investors, who hold the economy’s capital stock, own the firms and supply credit, and workers, who supply labor and demand credit to finance consumption.

2019| Mathias Klein, Christopher Krause
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Anticipating Global Energy, Climate and Policy in 2055: Constructing Qualitative and Quantitative Narratives

This study presents a set of novel and multidisciplinary scenarios (‘narratives’) that provide insight into four distinct and diverging yet plausible worlds. They combine qualitative and quantitative elements in order to reflect the interlinked and complex nature of energy and climate. We use the STEMPLE+ framework to include social, technological, economic, military (security), political,

In: Energy Research & Social Science 58 (2019), 101250, 23 S. | Dawud Ansari, Franziska Holz
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