Topic Distribution

32 results, from 1

Long-Term Effects of Equal Sharing: Evidence from Inheritance Rules for Land

What are the long-term economic effects of a more equal distribution of wealth? We exploit variation in historical inheritance rules for land traversing political, linguistic, geological, and religious borders in Germany. In some German areas, inherited land was to be shared or divided equally among children, while in others land was ruled to be indivisible. Using a geographic regression discontinuity ...

Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020, 55 S.
(NBER Working Paper Series ; 28230)
| Charlotte Bartels, Simon Jäger, Natalie Obergruber
Diskussionspapiere 1860 / 2020

The Financial Accelerator, Wages, and Optimal Monetary Policy

This paper studies the effects of labor market outcomes on firms’ loan demand and on credit intermediation. In a first step, I investigate how wages in the production sector affect bank net worth and the process of financial intermediation in partial equilibrium. Second, the role of the identified channels are studied in general equilibrium using a new- Keynesian DSGE-model with financial frictions and ...

2020| Tobias König
Diskussionspapiere 1839 / 2020

Does Social Policy through Rent Controls Inhibit New Construction? Some Answers from Long-Run Historical Evidence

The (re-)introduction of rent regulation in the form of rent controls, tenant protection or supply rationing is back on the agenda of policymakers in light of rent inflation in many global cities. While rent control as social policy promises short-term relief, economists point to their negative long-run effects on new construction. This paper present long-run data on both rent regulation and housing ...

2020| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl
DIW focus 2 / 2020

Housing Policies Worldwide during Coronavirus Crisis: Challenges and Solutions

The coronavirus pandemic, which began in December 2019 and is currently spreading rapidly around the world, is having a noticeable impact on the economy and thus also on the real estate market. Since the measures to curb the spread are causing economic activities to decline massively, small and medium-sized companies in the service, hospitality, and transport sectors in particular, but the self-employed ...

2020| Konstantin A. Kholodilin
DIW Weekly Report 34 / 2019

At Opposite Poles: How the Success of the Green Party and AfD Reflects the Geographical and Social Cleavages in Germany

German voters in the 2019 European election showed remarkable regional differences in their voting behavior. The Green Party surged in West German districts, while the AfD further consolidated its successes in East Germany. Investigating structural differences at the district level reveals that the Green party is particularly popular in economically strong, demographically young, and dynamic districts ...

2019| Christian Franz, Marcel Fratzscher, Alexander S. Kritikos
Diskussionspapiere 1816 / 2019

Income Redistribution, Consumer Credit, and Keeping up with the Riches

In this study, we set up a DSGE model with upward looking consumption comparison and show that consumption externalities are an important driver of consumer credit dynamics. Our model economy is populated by two different household types. Investors, who hold the economy’s capital stock, own the firms and supply credit, and workers, who supply labor and demand credit to finance consumption. Furthermore, ...

2019| Mathias Klein, Christopher Krause

"A Schumpeterian Model of Top Income Inequality"

Top income inequality rose sharply in the United States over the last 40 years but increased only slightly in economies like France and Japan. Why? This paper explores a model in which heterogeneous entrepreneurs, broadly interpreted, exert effort to generate exponential growth in their incomes. On its own, this force leads to rising inequality. Creative destruction by outside innovators restrains...

17.10.2018| Jihee Kim, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Us State Cigarette Tax Increases and Smoke‐Free Legislation in Relation to Cigarette Expenditure across Household Socio‐Economic Circumstances: A Quasi‐Experimental Study

Background and Aims: While research has focused on outcomes of tobacco control policies, less is known about the mechanisms by which policies may affect tobacco use. We estimated the associations of changes in cigarette taxes and smoke‐free legislation with (1) any household cigarette expenditure and (2) the level of household expenditure on cigarettes, as well as (3) tested interactions with socio‐economic ...

In: Addiction 114 (2018), 4, S. 721-729 | Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Melissa Kull, Christopher F. Baum
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Social Image Concerns and Welfare Take-Up

Using a laboratory experiment, we present first evidence that social image concerns causally reduce the take-up of an individually beneficial transfer. Our design manipulates the informativeness of the take-up decision by varying whether transfer eligibility is based on ability or luck, and how the transfer is financed. We find that subjects avoid the inference both of being low-skilled (ability stigma) ...

In: Journal of Public Economics 168 (2018), S. 174-192 | Jana Friedrichsen, Tobias König, Renke Schmacker
Economic Bulletin

How rising income inequality influenced economic growth in Germany

The cumulative growth rate of the German economy since reunification would have been around two percentage points higher if income inequality had remained constant. This is what simulations using the DIW Macroeconomic Model have shown. They were made under the assumption that the income distribution dynamics would not be influenced by any feedback effects of economic growth. In 2015, Germany’s ...

15.03.2017| Marius Clemens, Stefan Gebauer, Simon Junker
32 results, from 1