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207 results, from 11
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Local Fiscal Policies and Their Impact on the Number and Spatial Distribution of New Firms

    We examine the effect of local business taxation and local public good and service (PIGS) provision on the number and spatial distribution of new firms. Testing ground is Germany and we rely on the universe of firm foundations between 1998 and 2006. Methodologically, we estimate fixed effects poisson models coupled with a control function approach. The results suggest that a 1%-decrease in the business ...

    In: Regional Science & Urban Economics 83 (2020), 103525, 21 S. | Nadine Riedel, Martin Simmler, Christian Wittrock
  • Diskussionspapiere 1881 / 2020

    Sin Taxes and Self-Control

    “Sin taxes” are high on the political agenda in the global fight against obesity. Ac- cording to theory, they are welfare improving if consumers with low self-control are at least as price responsive as consumers with high self-control, even in the absence of ex- ternalities. In this paper, we investigate if consumers with low and high self-control react differently to sin tax variation. For identification, ...

    2020| Renke Schmacker, Sinne Smed
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Do Prices and Purchases Respond Similarly to Soft Drink Tax Increases and Cuts?

    While in January 2012, Denmark increased the long-standing tax on sugary soft drinks, the tax was cut byhalf in July 2013 and then completely repealed in January 2014. In this study, we examine whetherincreases and cuts of the soft drink tax lead to similar over- or under-shifting to prices and to similardemand responses. We use longitudinal scanner data of 1,282 Danish households to estimate within-product ...

    In: Economics and Human Biology 37 (2020), 100864, 10 S. | Renke Schmacker, Sinne Smed
  • Berlin Lunchtime Meeting

    Wealth inequality and wealth taxes – an OECD Perspective

    Sarah Perret, OECD, will present findings from a recent report on The Role and Design of Net Wealth Taxes in the OECD. The presentation will give an overview of the cases for and against net wealth taxes, as well as describe how wealth taxes have been designed in practice in the OECD countries that currently have or historically had net wealth taxes. Inheritance taxes, which constitute an...

    28.11.2019| Sarah Perret, Stefan Bach
  • DIW Applied Micro Seminar

    Salience of Inherited Wealth and the Support for Inheritance Taxation

    Abstract: We study how attitudes to inheritance taxation are influenced by information about the role of inherited wealth in society. Using a randomized experiment in a register-linked Swedish survey, we find that informing individuals about the large aggregate importance of inherited wealth and its link to inequality of opportunity significantly increases the support for inheritance taxation. The...

    25.10.2019| Daniel Waldenström, Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm
  • Weekly Report

    Ecological Tax Revenue Still Yields Lower Pension Contributions and Higher Pensions Today

    by Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei, Michelle Harnisch and Niklas Isaak The ecological tax reform that Germany implemented between 1999 and 2003 increased energy tax rates—especially on gasoline and diesel. Today, the ecological tax hikes yield an annual revenue of around 20 billion euros or 0.6 percent of GDP. The money is used to finance a higher federal grant to the public pension scheme. Calculations ...

    28.03.2019| Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei
  • DIW Weekly Report 46/47/48 / 2019

    100 Years of the Modern German Tax System: Foundation, Reforms, and Challenges

    The tax and fiscal reforms headed by German finance minister Matthias Erzberger in 1919 and 1920 fundamentally reshaped German public finances. The total tax revenue as a percentage of GDP, or tax-to-GDP ratio, doubled and increased continually until the end of World War II. Since the 1950s, the tax-to-GDP ratio has remained between 22 and 24 percent of GDP most of the time. West Germany’s economic ...

    2019| Stefan Bach
  • DIW Weekly Report 13 / 2019

    Ecological Tax Revenue Still Yields Lower Pension Contributions and Higher Pensions Today

    The ecological tax reform that Germany implemented between 1999 and 2003 increased energy tax rates—especially on gasoline and diesel. Today, the ecological tax hikes yield an annual revenue of around 20 billion euros or 0.6 percent of GDP. The money is used to finance a higher federal grant to the public pension scheme. Calculations based on a pension simulation model show that the contribution rate ...

    2019| Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei, Michelle Harnisch, Niklas Isaak
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Health-Related Life Cycle Risks and Public Insurance

    Based on a dynamic life cycle model, this study analyzes health-related risks of consumption and old-age poverty. The model allows for health effects on employment risks, on productivity, on longevity, the correlation between health risks, productivity and preferences, and the financial incentives of the German public insurance schemes. The estimation uses data on male employees and an extended expectation-maximization ...

    In: Journal of Health Economics 65 (2019), S. 227-245 | Daniel Kemptner
  • Press Release

    The new grand coalition’s work program: DIW Berlin says there is still much to improve

    In important areas such as tax policy, education, and energy, the future grand coalition must be considerably more ambitious – The need for reform in Germany is not being addressed sufficiently Germany’s next government will most likely once again be a grand coalition. However, the results of the preliminary coalition talks between the Union parties and the SPD, which serve as a basis ...

    31.01.2018
207 results, from 11
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