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215 results, from 21
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Local Fiscal Policies and Their Impact on the Number and Spatial Distribution of New Firms

    We examine the effect of local business taxation and local public good and service (PIGS) provision on the number and spatial distribution of new firms. Testing ground is Germany and we rely on the universe of firm foundations between 1998 and 2006. Methodologically, we estimate fixed effects poisson models coupled with a control function approach. The results suggest that a 1%-decrease in the business ...

    In: Regional Science & Urban Economics 83 (2020), 103525, 21 S. | Nadine Riedel, Martin Simmler, Christian Wittrock
  • Berlin Lunchtime Meeting

    Wealth inequality and wealth taxes – an OECD Perspective

    Sarah Perret, OECD, will present findings from a recent report on The Role and Design of Net Wealth Taxes in the OECD. The presentation will give an overview of the cases for and against net wealth taxes, as well as describe how wealth taxes have been designed in practice in the OECD countries that currently have or historically had net wealth taxes. Inheritance taxes, which constitute an...

    28.11.2019| Sarah Perret, Stefan Bach
  • DIW Applied Micro Seminar

    Salience of Inherited Wealth and the Support for Inheritance Taxation

    Abstract: We study how attitudes to inheritance taxation are influenced by information about the role of inherited wealth in society. Using a randomized experiment in a register-linked Swedish survey, we find that informing individuals about the large aggregate importance of inherited wealth and its link to inequality of opportunity significantly increases the support for inheritance taxation. The...

    25.10.2019| Daniel Waldenström, Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm
  • Weekly Report

    Ecological Tax Revenue Still Yields Lower Pension Contributions and Higher Pensions Today

    by Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei, Michelle Harnisch and Niklas Isaak The ecological tax reform that Germany implemented between 1999 and 2003 increased energy tax rates—especially on gasoline and diesel. Today, the ecological tax hikes yield an annual revenue of around 20 billion euros or 0.6 percent of GDP. The money is used to finance a higher federal grant to the public pension scheme. Calculations ...

    28.03.2019| Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei
  • DIW Weekly Report 46/47/48 / 2019

    100 Years of the Modern German Tax System: Foundation, Reforms, and Challenges

    The tax and fiscal reforms headed by German finance minister Matthias Erzberger in 1919 and 1920 fundamentally reshaped German public finances. The total tax revenue as a percentage of GDP, or tax-to-GDP ratio, doubled and increased continually until the end of World War II. Since the 1950s, the tax-to-GDP ratio has remained between 22 and 24 percent of GDP most of the time. West Germany’s economic ...

    2019| Stefan Bach
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Health-Related Life Cycle Risks and Public Insurance

    Based on a dynamic life cycle model, this study analyzes health-related risks of consumption and old-age poverty. The model allows for health effects on employment risks, on productivity, on longevity, the correlation between health risks, productivity and preferences, and the financial incentives of the German public insurance schemes. The estimation uses data on male employees and an extended expectation-maximization ...

    In: Journal of Health Economics 65 (2019), S. 227-245 | Daniel Kemptner
  • DIW Weekly Report 13 / 2019

    Ecological Tax Revenue Still Yields Lower Pension Contributions and Higher Pensions Today

    The ecological tax reform that Germany implemented between 1999 and 2003 increased energy tax rates—especially on gasoline and diesel. Today, the ecological tax hikes yield an annual revenue of around 20 billion euros or 0.6 percent of GDP. The money is used to finance a higher federal grant to the public pension scheme. Calculations based on a pension simulation model show that the contribution rate ...

    2019| Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei, Michelle Harnisch, Niklas Isaak
  • Press Release

    The new grand coalition’s work program: DIW Berlin says there is still much to improve

    In important areas such as tax policy, education, and energy, the future grand coalition must be considerably more ambitious – The need for reform in Germany is not being addressed sufficiently Germany’s next government will most likely once again be a grand coalition. However, the results of the preliminary coalition talks between the Union parties and the SPD, which serve as a basis ...

    31.01.2018
  • Diskussionspapiere 1767 / 2018

    100 Jahre deutsches Steuersystem: Revolution und Evolution

    Die „Erzbergerschen Steuer- und Finanzreformen“ 1919/20 haben das deutsche Steuer- und Finanzsystem nahezu vollständig umgestaltet, modernisiert und stark ausgebaut. Wesentliche Elemente dieser Reformen haben bis heute Bestand– die Grundstrukturen des Steuersystems und der Steuerrechtsordnung sowie der zentralistische kooperative Finanzföderalismus. Das NS-Regime konsolidierte die Reformen und erhöhte ...

    2018| Stefan Bach
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Effectiveness of Early Retirement Disincentives: Individual Welfare, Distributional and Fiscal Implications

    In aging societies, information on how to reform pension systems is essential to policy makers. This study scrutinizes effects of early retirement disincentives on retirement behavior, individual welfare, pensions and public budget. We employ administrative pension data and a detailed model of the German tax and social security system to estimate a structural dynamic retirement model. We find that ...

    In: Labour Economics 51 (2018), S. 25-37 | Timm Bönke, Daniel Kemptner, Holger Lüthen
215 results, from 21
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