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385 results, from 11
  • Research Project

    Wealth policy instruments and wealth inequality

    Development of a dynamic framework to depict and compare the effects of wealth policy instruments in the short, medium, and long term. Among the examined instruments are a general wealth tax, a social inheritance, and a social dividend.

    Current Project| Macroeconomics, Forecasting and Economic Policy
  • Research Project

    The role of inherited wealth for wealth inequality in Germany

    In this project, a top-corrected wealth distribution is estimated on the basis of the inheritance tax statistics and the SOEP. We analyze the concentration of wealth, the portfolios of the wealthy, the importance of inherited wealth, the gender inheritance gap and the gender wealth gap as well as reactions to inheritance taxation.

    Current Project| Public Economics, German Socio-Economic Panel study
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Drivers of Participation Elasticities across Europe: Gender or Earner Role within the Household?

    We compute participation tax rates across the EU and find that work disincentives inherent in tax–benefit systems largely depend on household composition and the individual’s earner role within the household. We then estimate participation elasticities using an IV group estimator that enables us to investigate the responsiveness of individuals to work incentives. We contribute to the literature on ...

    In: International Tax and Public Finance 30 (2023), S. 167–214 | Charlotte Bartels, Cortnie Shupe
  • Diskussionspapiere 2041 / 2023

    De-Fueling Externalities: How Tax Salience and Fuel Substitution Mediate Climate and Health Benefits

    This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of the world’s largest environmental tax reform. We compare carbon and air pollutant emissions of the German transport sector and synthetic counterfactuals following the 1999 eco-tax reform, and find average re- ductions in external damages of around 80 billion Euros. We further show that the eco-tax induced low-carbon innovation and document much stronger ...

    2023| Pier Basaglia, Sophie Behr, Moritz A. Drupp
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Bias in Tax Progressivity Estimates

    Tax progressivity is central in public and political debates when questions of vertical equity are raised. Applied, structural research demands a simple way to capture it. A power function approximation delivers one parameter that captures the residual income elasticity - a summary measure of progressivity. This approximation is accurate, tractable, and interpretable, and hence immensely popular. The ...

    In: National Tax Journal 76 (2023), 2. S. 267-289 | Johannes König
  • Diskussionspapiere 2039 / 2023

    VAT Pass-Through and Competition: Evidence from the Greek Islands

    We examine how competition affects VAT pass-through in isolated oligopolistic markets as defined by the Greek islands. Using daily gasoline prices and a difference-in-differences methodology, we investigate how changes in VAT rates are passed through to consumers in islands with different market structure. We show that pass-through increases with competition, going from 50% in monopoly to around 80% ...

    2023| Lydia Dimitrakopoulou, Christos Genakos, Themistoklis Kampouris, Stella Papadokonstantaki
  • Diskussionspapiere 2040 / 2023

    The Heterogeneous Effects of Social Assistance and Unemployment Insurance: Evidence from a Life-Cycle Model of Family Labor Supply and Savings

    We empirically analyze the heterogeneous welfare effects of unemployment insurance and social assistance. We estimate a structural life-cycle model of singles' and married couples' labor supply and savings decisions. The model includes heterogeneity by age, education, wealth, sex and household composition. In aggregate, social assistance dominates unemployment insurance; however, the opposite holds ...

    2023| Peter Haan, Victoria Prowse
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Unilateral Tax Policy in the Open Economy

    This paper examines the effects of a unilateral reform of a redistributive tax-transfer system in an open economy. Compared to autarky, a tax increase leads to a smaller decline in aggregate income in the open economy, and it is also more effective at reducing income inequality, provided the tax rates are sufficiently low. Aggregating effects on income and income inequality using an Atkinson social ...

    In: Journal of International Economics 145 (2023), 103829, 22 S. | Miriam Kohl, Philipp M. Richter
  • Externe Monographien

    De-Fueling Externalities: Causal Effects of Fuel Taxation and Mediating Mechanisms for Reducing Climate and Pollution Costs

    This paper provides the most comprehensive assessment of how fuel taxation reduces climate and pollution externalities with a quasi-experimental evaluation of the world’s largest environmental tax reform. Leveraging multiple causal inference methods, we compare carbon and air pollutant emissions of the actual and counterfactual German transport sector following the 1999 eco-tax reform and demonstrate ...

    München: CESifo, 2023, 37 S.
    (CESifo Working Papers ; 10508)
    | Pier Basaglia, Sophie M. Behr, Moritz A. Drupp
  • Externe Monographien

    The Value of a Loss: The Impact of Restricting Tax Loss Transfers

    We study the economic consequences of anti-loss trafficking rules, which disallow theuse of loss carry-forwards as tax shield after a substantial ownership change. We usestaggered changes to anti-loss trafficking rules in the EU27 Member States, Norwayand United Kingdom from 1998 to 2019 and find that limiting the transfer of tax lossesreduces the number of M&As by 18%. The impairment is driven by ...

    SSRN, 2023, 56 S.
    (TRR 266 Accounting for Transparency Working Paper Series ; 128)
    | Theresa Bührle, Elisa Casi, Barbara Stage, Johannes Voget
385 results, from 11
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