Topic Taxes

334 results, from 11
Berlin Lunchtime Meeting

Wealth inequality and wealth taxes – an OECD Perspective

Sarah Perret, OECD, will present findings from a recent report on The Role and Design of Net Wealth Taxes in the OECD. The presentation will give an overview of the cases for and against net wealth taxes, as well as describe how wealth taxes have been designed in practice in the OECD countries that currently have or historically had net wealth taxes. Inheritance taxes, which constitute an...

28.11.2019| Sarah Perret, Stefan Bach
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Salience of Inherited Wealth and the Support for Inheritance Taxation

Abstract: We study how attitudes to inheritance taxation are influenced by information about the role of inherited wealth in society. Using a randomized experiment in a register-linked Swedish survey, we find that informing individuals about the large aggregate importance of inherited wealth and its link to inequality of opportunity significantly increases the support for inheritance taxation. The...

25.10.2019| Daniel Waldenström, Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm
Weekly Report

Ecological Tax Revenue Still Yields Lower Pension Contributions and Higher Pensions Today

by Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei, Michelle Harnisch and Niklas Isaak The ecological tax reform that Germany implemented between 1999 and 2003 increased energy tax rates—especially on gasoline and diesel. Today, the ecological tax hikes yield an annual revenue of around 20 billion euros or 0.6 percent of GDP. The money is used to finance a higher federal grant to the public pension scheme. Calculations ...

28.03.2019| Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Pricing Carbon Consumption: Synthesizing an Emerging Trend

Nearly every carbon price regulates the production of carbon emissions, typically at midstream points of compliance such as power plants, consistent with typical advice from the literature. Since the early 2010s however, policymakers in Australia, California, China, Japan and Korea have implemented carbon prices that regulate the consumption of carbon emissions, where points of compliance are further ...

In: Climate Policy 19 (2019), 1, S. 92-107 | Clayton Munnings, William Acworth, Oliver Sartor, Yong-Gun Kim, Karsten Neuhoff
DIW Weekly Report 46/47/48 / 2019

100 Years of the Modern German Tax System: Foundation, Reforms, and Challenges

The tax and fiscal reforms headed by German finance minister Matthias Erzberger in 1919 and 1920 fundamentally reshaped German public finances. The total tax revenue as a percentage of GDP, or tax-to-GDP ratio, doubled and increased continually until the end of World War II. Since the 1950s, the tax-to-GDP ratio has remained between 22 and 24 percent of GDP most of the time. West Germany’s economic ...

2019| Stefan Bach

Essays on Inequality: Income Distribution, (Just) Taxation and Well-being

This dissertation focuses on three dimensions of inequality: income, (just) taxation, and well-being. All chapters focus on a similar time horizon (2000 to 2015) and essentially on the same geographical area, Germany. The chapters are organized in four parts, each examining a specific research question and based on evidence from microdata - the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). The analysis of chapter ...

Berlin: FU Berlin, 2019, IX, 151 S. | Maria Metzing
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Tax Evasion in New Disguise? Examining Tax Havens' International Bank Deposits

Recent efforts to reduce international tax evasion focus on information exchange with tax havens. Using bilateral bank data for 1397 countrypairs in a balanced quarterly panel from 2003:I to 2017:IV, we first show that information-on-request treaties with tax havens reduce bank deposits in tax havens by 27.5%. Second, also deposits from tax havens in high tax countries decline after such treaties are ...

In: Journal of Public Economics 176 (2019), S. 53-78 | Lukas Menkhoff, Jakob Miethe
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Health-Related Life Cycle Risks and Public Insurance

Based on a dynamic life cycle model, this study analyzes health-related risks of consumption and old-age poverty. The model allows for health effects on employment risks, on productivity, on longevity, the correlation between health risks, productivity and preferences, and the financial incentives of the German public insurance schemes. The estimation uses data on male employees and an extended expectation-maximization ...

In: Journal of Health Economics 65 (2019), S. 227-245 | Daniel Kemptner

Interactions between Bank Levies and Corporate Taxes: How Is the Bank Leverage Affected?

Regulatory bank levies set incentives for banks to reduce leverage. At the same time, corporate income taxation makes funding through debt more attractive. In this paper, we explore how regulatory levies affect bank capital structure, depending on corporate income taxation. Based on bank balance sheet data from 2006 to 2014 for a panel of EU-banks, our analysis yields three main results: The introduction ...

Frankfurt a.M.: ESRB, 2019, 36 S.
(Working Paper Series ; 103)
| Franziska Bremus, Kirsten Schmidt, Lena Tonzer
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 2 / 2019

Green Finance: The Macro Perspective: Editorial

2019| Claudia Kemfert, Dorothea Schäfer, Willi Semmler, Aleksandar Zaklan
334 results, from 11