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352 results, from 11
SOEPpapers 1133 / 2021

The Long-Run Effects of Sports Club Vouchers for Primary School Children

Starting in 2009, the German state of Saxony distributed sports club membership vouchers among all 33,000 third graders in the state. The policy’s objective was to encourage them to develop a long-term habit of exercising. In 2018, we carried out a large register-based survey among several cohorts in Saxony and two neighboring states. Our difference-in-differences estimations show that, even after ...

2021| Jan Marcus, Thomas Siedler, Nicolas R. Ziebarth
Diskussionspapiere 1969 / 2021

Drivers of Participation Elasticities across Europe: Gender or Earner Role within the Household?

We compute participation tax rates across the EU and find that work disincentives inherent in tax-benefit systems largely depend on household composition and the individual's earner role within the household. We then estimate participation elasticities using an IV group estimator that enables us to investigate the responsiveness of individuals to work incentives. We contribute to the literature on ...

2021| Charlotte Bartels, Cortnie Shupe
Diskussionspapiere 1933 / 2021

Measuring Unmeasurable: How to Map Laws to Numbers Using Leximetrics

As the institutional literature convincingly shows, socioeconomic phenomena are to a large extent shaped by the formal institutions, that is, legal acts (laws and ordinances). However, the latter are formulated in a specific language that is difficult to understand, let alone to measure. However, since the early 1990s, a whole branch of economic analysis of governmental regulations has evolved. It is ...

2021| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Linus Pfeiffer
Monographien

The Long-Run Effects of Sports Club Vouchers for Primary School Children

Starting in 2009, the German state of Saxony distributed sports club membership vouchers among all 33,000 third graders in the state. The policy's objective was to encourage them to develop a long-term habit of exercising. In 2018, we carried out a large register-based survey among several cohorts in Saxony and two neighboring states. Our difference-indifferences estimations show that, even after a ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 64 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14246)
| Jan Marcus, Thomas Siedler, Nicolas R. Ziebarth
DIW Weekly Report 27/28 / 2021

Real Estate Taxation Reform: Tax Land Values, Abolish Privileges

Real estate is taxed at comparatively low rates in Germany, with primarily the affluent benefiting from numerous existing tax privileges. This Weekly Report describes the current state of real estate taxation in Germany and outlines reform proposals that could increase tax revenue, improve the efficiency of the tax system, and reduce wealth and income inequality. In the case of property tax, value-based ...

2021| Stefan Bach, Sebastian Eichfelder
Diskussionspapiere 1944 / 2021

Temporary VAT Reduction during the Lockdown

This paper evaluates the temporary VAT reduction introduced by the German government over the third and fourth quarter of 2020 as most controversial part of the COVID-19 stimulus package. Critics argue that VAT reductions are ineffective because of limited pass-through of temporary measures to consumer prices and in presence of lockdown measures. Advocates emphasize positive effects on durables and ...

2021| Marius Clemens, Werner Röger
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Equilibrium Effects of Tax Exemptions for Low Pay

Across the world, tax exemptions for jobs with low earnings intend to incite non-participating workers to rejoin the labor market. However, such tax exemptions may also have negative equilibrium effects. The German minijob tax exemption offers a convenient case to identify equilibrium effects as it applies to some but not to other low-wage jobs. We build and estimate a structural job search model with ...

In: Labour Economics 69 (2021), 101976, 15 S. | Luke Haywood, Michael Neumann
Research Project

Integrated tax and transfer system

In this study, we analyze a reform to better balance income taxation, social contributions and means-tested social benefits. In order to relieve low-wage earners and middle classes, the employee contributions to social security are to be integrated into the personal income tax and the top income tax rates are to be increased. In addition, families with low and middle income are to be relieved and...

Completed Project| Public Economics
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Optimal Benefit-Based Corporate Income Tax

Abstract:   I derive an optimal benefit-based corporate tax rate formula as a function of the public input elasticity of profits and the (net of) tax elasticity of profits. I argue that the existence of the corporate income tax should be justified by the benefit-based view of taxation: firms should pay tax according to the benefits they receive from the use of the public input. I argue that...

28.02.2020| Simon Naitram, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill
Diskussionspapiere 1881 / 2020

Sin Taxes and Self-Control

“Sin taxes” are high on the political agenda in the global fight against obesity. Ac- cording to theory, they are welfare improving if consumers with low self-control are at least as price responsive as consumers with high self-control, even in the absence of ex- ternalities. In this paper, we investigate if consumers with low and high self-control react differently to sin tax variation. For identification, ...

2020| Renke Schmacker, Sinne Smed
352 results, from 11
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