Topic Monetary Policy

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389 results, from 21
DIW Weekly Report 14 / 2020

Price Stability and Climate Risks: Sensible Measures for the European Central Bank

By the end of 2020, the European Central Bank (ECB) will present the results of its monetary policy strategy review. What changes are to be expected and what changes are needed? This report covers two areas of the strategy review. First, alternatives to the current definition of price stability are discussed. Current studies and the practices of other central banks indicate that supplementing the ...

2020| Franziska Bremus, Geraldine Dany-Knedlik, Thore Schlaak
Diskussionspapiere 1854 / 2020

The Dynamic Impact of FX Interventions on Financial Markets

Evidence on the effectiveness of FX interventions is either limited to short horizons or hampered by debatable identification. We address these limitations by identifying a structural vector autoregressive model for the daily frequency with an external instrument. Generally, we find, for freely floating currencies, that FX intervention shocks significantly affect exchange rates and that this impact ...

2020| Lukas Menkhoff, Malte Rieth, Tobias Stöhr
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Inflation Targeting as a Shock Absorber

We study the characteristics of inflation targeting as a shock absorber, using quarterly data for a large panel of countries. To overcome an endogeneity problem between monetary regimes and the likelihood of crises, we propose to study large natural disasters. We find that inflation targeting improves macroeconomic performance following such exogenous shocks. It lowers inflation, raises output growth, ...

In: Journal of International Economics 123 (2020), 103308, 16 S. | Marcel Fratzscher, Christoph Große Steffen, Malte Rieth
DIW Weekly Report 19/20 / 2020

Financial Market Participants Expect the Coronavirus Pandemic to Have Long-Lasting Economic Impact in Europe

Market participants are generally in agreement that the coronavirus pandemic will have a severe impact on the European economy, but it is difficult to predict the length and extent of the pandemic’s effects. However, using the yield curves of corporate bonds, we can reach some preliminary conclusions about the impact of the pandemic. The expectations of financial market participants are revealed in ...

2020| Stephanie Ettmeier, Chi Hyun Kim, Alexander Kriwoluzky
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Impact of ECB Policy on Structural Reforms

We estimate the impact of monetary policy on structural reform adoption in the euro area. We identify exogenous ECB policy changes through an event study that extracts the unexpected variation in euro area interest rates on policy announcement days. We find that surprise monetary expansions increase the number of reforms significantly and that the effect is stronger for countries with weaker macroeconomic ...

In: European Economic Review 122 (2020), 103361, 20 S. | Malte Rieth, Jana Wittlich
Diskussionspapiere 1841 / 2020

Is Monetary Policy Gender Neutral? Evidence from the Stock Market

We use US household survey data from 2001-2017 to investigate whether monetary policy has heterogeneous effects on women's and men's financial portfolio decisions by analyzing their equity investment. On the one hand, monetary policy significantly affects the entry decisions of women, but not of men: after a contractionary shock, the probability of women entering the stock market decreases. On the ...

2020| Caterina Forti Grazzini, Chi Hyun Kim
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Bayesian Inference for Structural Vector Autoregressions IdentifiEd by Markov-Switching Heteroskedasticity

In this study, Bayesian inference is developed for structural vector autoregressive models in which the structural parameters are identified via Markov-switching heteroskedasticity. In such a model, restrictions that are just-identifying in the homoskedastic case, become over-identifying and can be tested. A set of parametric restrictions is derived under which the structural matrix is globally or ...

In: Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control 113 (2020), 103862 | Helmut Lütkepohl, Tomasz Wozniak
Diskussionspapiere 1873 / 2020

The Macroeconomic Effects of a European Deposit (Re-) Insurance Scheme

While the first two pillars of the European Banking Union have been implemented, a European deposit insurance scheme (EDIS) is still not in place. To facilitate its introduction, recent proposals argue in favor of a reinsurance scheme. In this paper, we use a regime-switching open-economy DSGE model with bank default and bank-government linkages to assess the relative efficiency of such a scheme. We ...

2020| Marius Clemens, Stefan Gebauer, Tobias König
Diskussionspapiere 1872 / 2020

Active, or Passive? Revisiting the Role of Fiscal Policy in the Great Inflation

We reexamine whether pre-Volcker U.S. fiscal policy was active or passive. To do so, we estimate a DSGE model with monetary and fiscal policy interactions employing a sequential Monte Carlo algorithm (SMC) for posterior evaluation. Unlike existing studies, we do not have to treat each policy regime as distinct, separately estimated, models. Rather, SMC enables us to estimate the DSGE model over its entire ...

2020| Stephanie Ettmeier, Alexander Kriwoluzky
DIW Weekly Report 23 / 2020

Identifying Effective Combinations of Economic Policy Measures for the Coronavirus Recession in Europe

As the coronavirus pandemic spread across the globe in early 2020, the European Central Bank as well as national governments in the euro area enacted or announced numerous economic policy measures to counteract the severe economic consequences of the resulting lockdowns. In this paper, the immediate effect of the announcements on government bond and stock markets are estimated in a panel study. The ...

2020| Kerstin Bernoth, Marius Clemens, Geraldine Dany-Knedlik, Stefan Gebauer
389 results, from 21