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Recovery as a springboard for change: Germany and the EU

As the German economy and the EU are emerging from the COVID-19 pandemic, the focus is shifting to questions of long-term transformation. How can we transform our economies while also limiting climate change and preparing for its impact? The pandemic has accelerated digitalization of German firms and many have already invested to deal with climate change. At the same time, concerns about the...

15.02.2022| Franziska Brantner, Klaus Deutsch, Ambroise Fayolle, Debora Revoltella , Marcel Fratzscher, Sabine Fiedler
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

Belonging or Estrangement – the European Refugee Crisis and its Effects on Immigrant Identity

This study deals with the impact of the 2015 European Refugee Crisis on the ethnic identity of resident migrants in Germany. To derive plausibly causal estimates, I exploit the quasi-experimental setting in Germany, by which refugees are allocated to different counties by state authorities without being able to choose their locations themselves. This study finds that higher...

26.01.2022| Christopher Prömel, Freie Universität Berlin
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Drivers of Participation Elasticities across Europe: Gender or Earner Role within the Household?

We compute participation tax rates across the EU and find that work disincentives inherent in tax–benefit systems largely depend on household composition and the individual’s earner role within the household. We then estimate participation elasticities using an IV group estimator that enables us to investigate the responsiveness of individuals to work incentives. We contribute to the literature on ...

In: International Tax and Public Finance (2022), im Ersch. [online first: 2022-01-07] | Charlotte Bartels, Cortnie Shupe
Diskussionspapiere 1992 / 2022

Foreign Debt, Capital Controls, and Secondary Markets: Theory and Evidence from Nazi Germany

We investigate how internal distribution motives can interfere with the economic objectives of capital controls. In order to do this, we provide a model showing that elite capture can affect optimal debt repatriations and the management of official reserves under capital controls. Relying on these theoretical insights and a wealth of quantitative and qualitative historical evidence, we study one of ...

2022| Andrea Papadia, Claudio A. Schioppa
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The EU Sustainable Finance Taxonomy and Its Contribution to Climate Neutrality

The EU Taxonomy is the first standardised and comprehensive classification system for sustainable economic activities. It covers activities responsible for up to 80% of EU greenhouse gas emissions and may play an important role in channelling investments into low-carbon technologies by helping investors to make informed decisions. However, especially in transition sectors much depends on the stringency ...

In: Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-12-08] | Franziska Schütze, Jan Stede
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy – Focus on Electro-intensive Firms

The European Commission commissioned an international consortium including the DIW Berlin with a background study on State aid in the field of environmental protection and energy. The results of the study are meant to support the Commission in the revision of the EU Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy (EEAG). One key focus of the study was to assess the current rules...

21.05.2021| Joanna Piechucka, DIW Berlin
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

Common Ownership Patterns in the European Banking Sector – The Impact of the Financial Crisis

We provide a description of ownership patterns in the top 25 European banks for the period 2003–2015, where we especially focus on the global financial crisis. Investment managers, such as Blackrock, are dominant in terms of number of block holdings in different banks, maintaining fairly stable “common ownership” networks throughout our sample. However, the financial crisis led...

05.03.2021| Jo Seldeslachts, DIW Berlin and KU Leuven
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

The rise of common ownership: Europe vs the US

Common ownership - when an investor holds shares in two companies - has recently attracted significant attention from policy-makers and researchers, studying mainly US firms. European firms, however, are different as top investors with large stakes, like governments, founding families and foundations are much more prevalent. This paper takes a well-known common ownership measure derived from...

05.03.2021| Nuria Boot, DIW Berlin and KU Leuven
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Appropriateness of the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure for Central and Eastern European Countries

The European Commission’s Scoreboard of Macroeconomic Imbalances is a rare case of a publicly released early warning system. It was published first time in 2012 by the European Commission as a reaction to public debt crises in Europe. So far, the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure takes a one-size-fits-all approach with regard to the identification of thresholds. The experience of Central and Eastern ...

In: Empirica 48 (2021), 1, S. 123–139 | Geraldine Dany-Knedlik, Martina Kämpfe, Tobias Knedlik
Monographien

The Productivity Puzzle in Business Services

In Germany, the productivity of professional services, a sector dominated by micro and small firms, declined by 40 percent between 1995 and 2014. This productivity decline also holds true for professional services in other European countries. Using a German firm-level dataset of 700,000 observations between 2003 and 2017, we analyze this largely uncovered phenomenon among professional services, the ...

Potsdam: CEPA, 2021, 37 S.
(CEPA Discussion Papers ; 37)
| Alexander S. Kritikos, Alexander Schiersch, Caroline Stiel
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