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Diskussionspapiere 1981 / 2021

The Effects of Natural Disasters on Price Stability in the Euro Area

This paper investigates the impact of natural disasters on price stability in the euro area. We estimate panel and country-specific structural vector autoregression (VAR) models by combining estimated damages of disaster events with monthly data for the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) for all euro area countries over the period 1996-2021. Besides estimating the effect on overall headline ...

2021| John Beirne, Yannis Dafermos, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Nuobu Renzhi, Ulrich Volz, Jana Wittich
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Fossil Natural Gas Exit – A New Narrative for the European Energy Transformation towards Decarbonization

This paper discusses the potential role of fossil natural gas in the process of the energy transformation in Europe on its way to decarbonization. Mainstream conventional wisdom has it that natural gas, perhaps in combination with other gases, should maintain an important role in the energy mix, first, as a "bridge fuel", and then through a gradual transition toward "decarbonized gases". However, when ...

In: Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy 10 (2021), 2, S. 115-131 | Christian von Hirschhausen, Claudia Kemfert, Fabian Praeger
DIW Weekly Report 47 / 2021

Nuclear Turn: Closing Down Nuclear Power Plants Opens up Prospects for the Final Repository Site Search

With the closure of the final six nuclear power plants, the commercial use of nuclear energy for electricity generation in Germany will come to an end in 2022. Due to the German power system's sufficient capacities—in 2020, the sector exported 20 terawatt hours (TWh), or about four percent of its electricity production—and its integration into the European electricity system, there is no reason to ...

2021| Mario Kendziorski, Claudia Kemfert, Fabian Präger, Christian von Hirschhausen, Robin Sogalla, Björn Steigerwald, Ben Wealer, Richard Weinhold, Christoph Weyhing
Diskussionspapiere 1979 / 2021

Assessing EU Merger Control through Compensating Efficiencies

Worldwide, the overwhelming majority of large horizontal mergers are cleared by antitrust authorities unconditionally. The presumption seems to be that efficiencies from these mergers are sizeable. We calculate the compensating efficiencies that would prevent a merger from harming consumers for 1,014 mergers affecting 12,325 antitrust markets scrutinized by the European Commission between 1990 and ...

2021| Pauline Affeldt, Tomaso Duso, Klaus Gugler, Joanna Piechucka
DIW Weekly Report 41/42 / 2021

Inflation in the Euro Area: Factors Mostly Have Only a Temporary Effect, but Risk of Prolonged Elevated Inflation Remains

Headline inflation in the euro area jumped to more than three percent in the summer after years of relatively low inflation rates well below the target of close to but below two percent set by the ECB until July 2021. One of the main reasons for the rise in inflation is the increase in energy prices since the beginning of 2021. However, there are further indications that inflation in the euro area ...

2021| Kerstin Bernoth, Gökhan Ider

The Productivity Puzzle in Business Services

In Germany, the productivity of professional services, a sector dominated by micro and small firms, declined by 40 percent between 1995 and 2014. This productivity decline also holds true for professional services in other European countries. Using a German firm-level dataset of 700,000 observations between 2003 and 2017, we analyze this largely uncovered phenomenon among professional services, the ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 37 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14610)
| Alexander S. Kritikos, Alexander Schiersch, Caroline Stiel

The Price of Hesitation: How the Climate Crisis Threatens Price Stability and What the ECB Must Do about It

This report presents for the first time empirical evidence of the impact of natural disasters on inflation in the eurozone, highlighting the challenges facing the ECB to achieve price stability in the era of the climate crisis. Our results show that natural disasters lead to increases in headline and core inflation, with price increases being higher for food and beverages. The effects are small but ...

Berlin: DIW Berlin, 2021, 58 S. | Yannis Dafermos, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Mauricio Vargas, Ulrich Volz, Jana Wittich
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Carbon Pricing of Basic Materials: Incentives and Risks for the Value Chain and Consumers

Different options for a reform of the EU Emissions Trading System are discussed to ensure carbon price incentives for mitigation options in the basic materials sector, while minimizing carbon leakage risks. This paper quantifies carbon leakage risks, distributional implications, and additional revenues associated with an import-only border carbon adjustment (BCA), a symmetric (import and export) BCA, ...

In: Ecological Economics 189 (2021), 107168, 15 S. | Jan Stede, Stefan Pauliuk, Gilang Hardadi, Karsten Neuhoff

Study on the Possibility to Set Up a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism on Selected Sectors: Final Report

Brussels: European Union, 2021, 222 S. | [Xavier Le Den, Hubert Fallmann, Benjamin Görlach, Roland Ismer, Karsten Neuhoff, Jan Stede, Jacob Steinmann]
1044 results, from 21