Topic Labor and Employment

329 results, from 1
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Effect of Air Quality Alerts on School Absenteeism - Evidence from New York City

This study examines the relationship between air quality alerts and school absenteeism in New York City. Examining the effects of the alerts in school attendance is relevant because it helps us understand parents' avoidance behavior in situations of exacerbated exposure to air contaminants. Causality arises by exploiting the deterministic nature of the alerts with regression discontinuity...

22.10.2020| Luis Sarmiento
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Effect of Retirement on Health - Evidence from Administrative Data

We combine unique data that include all practitioner health diagnoses based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) collected from all publicly insured individuals in Germany with a sizable cohort specific pension reform to study the causal effect of an increase in the retirement age on health. For the analysis, we use a cohort specific regression discontinuity design. The...

16.06.2020| Mara Barschkett
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Decomposition of Gender Pension Gaps Across Europe from a life-course perspective – preliminary drafts from sequence data analysis and Blinder-Oaxaca-Decompositions

My master thesis compares the impact of different life-courses on the Gender Pension Gaps across East and West Germany, Czechia and Italy. Using retrospective data on the dimensions of work and family from SHARELIFE, I contrast two different approaches. The first applies sequence data analysis to identify work-family life course patterns across all four countries as a first step, and includes...

11.03.2020| Carla Rowold, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

A firm-side perspective on parental leave

A large literature documents effects of parental leave on mothers' labour market outcomes, yet we know very little about the effects on their  firms and co-workers. We use unique administrative data that covers the universe of employees subject to social security and firms in Germany to address this question. We first establish some novel stylised facts in parental leave-taking  ...

08.01.2020| Mathias Huebener
DIW Weekly Report 41/42 / 2020

Reform Proposal for Marriage Taxation in Germany: De Facto Income Splitting with a Low Transferable Amount

Two traditional options for reforming Ehegattensplitting, the joint taxation of married couples with full income splitting, are de facto income splitting (Realsplitting) or individual taxation with a transferable personal allowance. However, these proposals do not significantly reduce the marginal tax burden on the secondary earner’s income and therefore only minimally encourage married women to participate ...

2020| Stefan Bach, Björn Fischer, Peter Haan, Katharina Wrohlich
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Labor Market and Distributional Effects of an Increase in the Retirement Age

We evaluate the labor market and distributional effects of an increase in the early retirement age (ERA) from 60 to 63 for women born after 1951. We use a regression discontinuity design which exploits the strong increase in the ERA between women born in 1951 and 1952. The analysis is based on the German microcensus which includes about 370,000 households per year. We focus on heterogeneous labor market ...

In: Labour Economics 65 (2020), 101817, 21 S. | Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan, Anna Hammerschmid, Michael Peters
Diskussionspapiere 1857 / 2020

Entwicklung der Demographie, der Erwerbstätigkeit sowie des Leistungsniveaus und der Finanzierung der gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung

Dieses Papier stellt Modellrechnungen zur Entwicklung der Gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung (GRV) vor. Es beruht vorwiegend auf dem MEA-PENSIM Modell des Munich Center of the Economics of Aging (MEA) und ergänzend auf dem PENPRO-Modell des DIW. Das Modell projiziert aus Annahmen und Setzungen in mehreren Schritten die Entwicklung der Demographie und Beschäftigung sowie der wichtigsten Kenngrößen der ...

2020| Axel Börsch-Supan, Johannes Rausch, Hermann Buslei, Johannes Geyer
DIW Weekly Report 13 / 2020

STEM Careers: Workshops Using Role Model Can Reduce Gender Stereotypes

Women continue to be underrepresented in STEM occupations (science, technology, engineering, and math). Based on a survey among secondary school students in Vienna, we show, for instance, that girls’ career aspirations, interests, and self-assessed skills in STEM fields are related to gender stereo- types. Parents also play a crucial role in this context. Further results indicate that a half-day career ...

2020| Katharina Drescher, Simone Häckl, Julia Schmieder
SOEPpapers 1070 / 2020

Selection into Employment and the Gender Wage Gap across the Distribution and over Time

Using quantile regression methods, this paper analyses the gender wage gap across the wage distribution and over time (1990-2014), while controlling for changing sample selection into full-time employment. Our findings show that the selection-corrected gender wage gap is much larger than the one observed in the data, which is mainly due to large positive selection of women into full-time employment. ...

2020| Patricia Gallego Granados, Katharina Wrohlich
DIW Weekly Report 4/5 / 2020

Boards of Major German Companies Are Gradually Changing: Editorial

2020| Anja Kirsch, Katharina Wrohlich
329 results, from 1