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472 results, from 1
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Reducing Energy System Model Distortions from Unintended Storage Cycling through Variable Costs

    Energy system models are used for policy decisions and technology designs. If not carefully used, models give implausible outputs and mislead decision-making. One implausible effect is “unintended storage cycling”, which is observable as simultaneous storage charging and discharging. Methods to remove such misleading effects exist, but are computationally inefficient and sometimes ineffective. Through ...

    In: iScience 26 (2023), 1, 105729, 19 S. | Maximilian Parzen, Martin Kittel, Daniel Friedrich, Aristides Kiprakis
  • DIW Berlin - Politikberatung kompakt 187 / 2023

    Kazakhstan: Decarbonisation Pathways towards a Net Zero Future by 2060 - The Opportunities and Challenges ahead: Final Report

    2023| Lars Handrich, Nadiya Mankovska, Frank Meißner, Maria Polugodina, Oleksandr Diachuk, Roman Podolets, Andrii Semeniuk, Andrea Bassi, Georg Pallaske
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Substituting Clean for Dirty Energy: A Bottom-Up Analysis

    We fit CES and VES production functions to data from a numerical bottom-up optimization model of electricity supply with clean and dirty inputs. This approach allows for studying high shares of clean energy not observable today and for isolating mechanisms that impact the elasticity of substitution between clean and dirty energy. Central results show that (i) dirty inputs are not essential for production. ...

    In: Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists im Ersch. (2023), [online first: 2022-08-29] | Fabian Stöckl, Alexander Zerrahn
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Policy Evaluation of Waste Pricing Programs Using Heterogeneous Causal Effect Estimation

    Using machine learning methods in a quasi-experimental setting, I study the heterogeneous effects of introducing waste prices - unit prices on household unsorted waste disposal - on waste demands and municipal costs. Using a unique panel of Italian municipalities with large variation in prices and observables, I show that waste demands are nonlinear. I find evidence of constant elasticities at low ...

    In: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 117 (2023), 102755, 18 S. | Marica Valente
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    The EU Sustainable Finance Taxonomy and Its Contribution to Climate Neutrality

    The EU Taxonomy is the first standardised and comprehensive classification system for sustainable economic activities. It covers activities responsible for up to 80% of EU greenhouse gas emissions and may play an important role in channelling investments into low-carbon technologies by helping investors to make informed decisions. However, especially in transition sectors much depends on the stringency ...

    In: Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment (2023), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-12-08] | Franziska Schütze, Jan Stede
  • Diskussionspapiere 2011 / 2022

    Nuclear Power in the Twenty-first Century (Part II) - The Economic Value of Plutonium

    Although plutonium has been studied by different disciplines (such as technology and innovation studies, political sciences) since its discovery, back in 1940 at the University of California (Berkeley), the resource and environmental economic literature is still relatively scarce; neither does the energy economic literature on nuclear power consider plutonium specifically, e.g. Davis (2012) or Lévêque ...

    2022| Christian von Hirschhausen
  • DIW Weekly Report 13 / 2022

    Low Emission Zones Improve Air Quality and Health but Temporarily Decrease Life Satisfaction

    Air pollution results in high economic costs arising from its negative impacts on human health, especially in urban areas. Driving restriction policies such as low emission zones (LEZs) are designed to improve air quality. Indeed, empirical analyses in this Weekly Report confirm that LEZs reduce traffic-related air pollution. However, the analyses also reveal unintended adverse effects on secondary ...

    2022| Luis Sarmiento, Nicole Wägner, Aleksandar Zaklan
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Air Pollution and the Productivity of High-Skill Labor: Evidence from Court Hearings

    Air pollution’s influence on cognitive productivity is a highly relevant and not fully understood economic issue. This study provides evidence of an adverse effect of exposure on the productivity of Mexican judicial workers. The empirical strategy approximates productivity with the length of the hearing and infers causality through instrumental variable panel models. Results show that nitrogen dioxides ...

    In: The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 124 (2022), 1, S. 301-332 | Luis Sarmiento
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Chances and Barriers for Germany’s Low Carbon Transition: Quantifying Uncertainties in Key Influential Factors

    With the energy sector being one of the largest sources of global greenhouse-gas emissions, a swift change in the ways of energy generation and consumption is needed for a fulfilment of climate goals. But while the existence of global warming and the resulting need for action are widely agreed upon, there is a lot of discussion around the concrete measures and their timeline. A major cause of this ...

    In: Energy 239 (2022), Part A, 121901, 19 S. | Konstantin Löffler, Thorsten Burandt, Karlo Hainsch, Pao-Yu Oei, Frederik Seehaus, Felix Wejda
  • DIW Berlin - Politikberatung kompakt 185 / 2022

    Ampel-Monitor Energiewende: der Stand der Dinge nach einem Jahr Ampel-Koalition

    2022| Wolf-Peter Schill, Alexander Roth
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