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409 results, from 21
Externe referierte Aufsätze

How Can Solar Geoengineering and Mitigation Be Combined under Climate Targets?

So far, scientific analyses have mainly focused on the pros and cons of solar geoengineering or solar radiation management (SRM) as a climate policy option in mere isolation. Here, we put SRM into the context of mitigation by a strictly temperature-target-based approach. As the main innovation, we present a scheme that extends the applicability regime of temperature targets from mitigation-only to ...

In: Earth System Dynamics 12 (2021), 4, S. 1529–1542 | Mohammad M. Khabbazan, Marius Stankoweit, Elnaz Roshan, Hauke Schmidt, Hermann Held
Externe referierte Aufsätze

A Scheme for Jointly Trading off Costs and Risks of Solar Radiation Management and Mitigation under Long-Tailed Climate Sensitivity Probability Density Distributions

Side effects of “solar-radiation management” (SRM) might be perceived as an important metric when society decides on implementing SRM as a climate policy option to alleviate anthropogenic global warming. We generalize cost-risk analysis that originally trades off expected welfare loss from climate policy costs and risks from transgressing climate targets to also include risks from applying SRM. In ...

In: Environmental Modeling and Assessment 26 (2021), 5, S. 823–836 | Elnaz Roshan, Mohammad M. Khabbazan, Hermann Held
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Coal Transitions - Part 1: A Systematic Map and Review of Case Study Learnings from Regional, National, and Local Coal Phase-Out Experiences

A rapid coal phase-out is needed to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement, but is hindered by serious challenges ranging from vested interests to the risks of social disruption. To understand how to organize a global coal phase-out, it is crucial to go beyond cost-effective climate mitigation scenarios and learn from the experience of previous coal transitions. Despite the relevance of the topic, evidence ...

In: Environmental Research Letters 16 (2021), 11, 113003, 40 S. | Francesca Diluiso, Paula Walk, Niccolò Manych, Pao-Yu Oei ...
Diskussionspapiere 1983 / 2021

Optimal Discounts in Green Public Procurement

We consider a Green Public Procurement setting where the procurer provides a bid discount to environment-friendly technologies to foster their use. We assume that, before the auction, firms may switch to green technology via a publicly observable costly investment. We show that investment acts as a signaling device. This mitigates the effect of incomplete information on firms’ costs, thereby triggering ...

2021| Olga Chiappinelli, Gyula Seres
Externe referierte Aufsätze

A 2050 Perspective on the Role for Carbon Capture and Storage in the European Power System and Industry Sector

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) might be a central technology to reach the decarbonisation goals of the European energy system. However, CCS deployment faces multiple economic, technological, and infrastructure challenges. Related literature tends to only focus on certain aspects of the CCS technology or to be limited to a particular sector perspective. In contrast, this paper presents a holistic ...

In: Energy Economics 104 (2021), 105631, 18 S. | Franziska Holz, Tim Scherwath, Pedro Crespo del Granado, Christian Skar, Luis Olmos, Quentin Ploussard, Andrés Ramos, Andrea Herbst
DIW Berlin - Politikberatung kompakt 175 / 2021

Decarbonisation of Energy: Determining a Robust Mix of Energy Carriers for a Carbon-Neutral EU

2021| Georg Zachmann, Franziska Holz, Alexander Roth, Ben McWilliams, Robin Sogalla, Frank Meissner, Claudia Kemfert
Diskussionspapiere 1980 / 2021

Policy Evaluation of Waste Pricing Programs Using Heterogeneous Causal Effect Estimation

Using machine learning methods in a quasi-experimental setting, I study the heterogeneous effects of introducing waste prices - unit prices on household unsorted waste disposal - on waste demands and social welfare. First, using a unique panel of Italian municipalities with large variation in prices and observables, I show that waste demands are nonlinear. - find evidence of constant elasticities at ...

2021| Marica Valente
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Fossil Natural Gas Exit – A New Narrative for the European Energy Transformation towards Decarbonization

This paper discusses the potential role of fossil natural gas in the process of the energy transformation in Europe on its way to decarbonization. Mainstream conventional wisdom has it that natural gas, perhaps in combination with other gases, should maintain an important role in the energy mix, first, as a "bridge fuel", and then through a gradual transition toward "decarbonized gases". However, when ...

In: Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy 10 (2021), 2, S. 115-131 | Christian von Hirschhausen, Claudia Kemfert, Fabian Praeger
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Environmental Kuznets Curve in France and Germany: Role of Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy

This paper aims to quantify the relation between real GDP, CO2 emissions, renewable and nonrenewable energy consumption, tourism development and labor force for France and Germany as these two countries are pioneer countries pushing Paris agreement within and outside the European Union. The time spans have been used for the period of 1995–2015 according to data availability. In the presence of cross-sectional ...

In: Renewable Energy 172 (2021), S. 88-99 | Xuejiao Ma, Najid Ahmad, Pao-Yu Oei
DIW Weekly Report 43 / 2021

An Effective Federal Climate Change Act Needs Leading Indicators

To reach the climate targets, the course towards a climate-neutral society must be set now. However, the current monitoring instruments in the Climate Change Act do not provide sufficient information to policymakers and society on the effectiveness of policy instruments and programs, as they focus exclusively on greenhouse gas reduction targets, which are subject to uncertainty. Moreover, they only ...

2021| Daniela Fietze, Mats Kröger, Thorsten Müller, Karsten Neuhoff
409 results, from 21
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