Topic Enviromental Markets

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188 results, from 1
DIW focus

No need for new natural gas pipelines and LNG terminals in Europe

Natural gas could play an increasing role in the German energy system following the coal exit decided in July 2020 by the German parliament. However, natural gas has no climate benefit compared to coal. What is more, Europe risks to become a battleground for the conflict between Russia and the United States. The construction of the Baltic Sea pipeline Nordstream 2 has set in motion a downward...

29.07.2020| Franziska Holz, Claudia Kemfert
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Do Benefits from Dynamic Tariffing Rise? Welfare Effects of Real-Time Retail Pricing Under Carbon Taxation and Variable Renewable Electricity Supply

We analyze the gross welfare gains from real-time retail pricing in electricity markets where carbon taxation induces investment in variable renewable technologies. Applying a stylized numerical electricity market model, we find a U-shaped association between carbon taxation and gross welfare gains. The benefits of introducing real-time pricing can accordingly be relatively low at relatively high carbon ...

In: Environmental & Resource Economics 75 (2020), S. 183-213 | Christian Gambardella, Michael Pahle, Wolf-Peter Schill
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Lessons from Germany's Hard Coal Mining Phase-Out: Policies and Transition from 1950 to 2018

German hard coal production ended in 2018, following the termination of subsidies. This paper looks at 60 years of continuous decline of an industry that employed more than 600,000 people, through a case study comparing Germany’s two largest hard coal mining areas (Ruhr area and Saarland). Although predominantly economic drivers underlay the transitions, both provide valuable lessons for upcoming coal ...

In: Climate Policy 20 (2020), 8, S. 963-979 | Pao-Yu Oei, Hanna Brauers, Philipp Herpich
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Coal Phase-out in Germany: Implications and Policies for Affected Regions

The present study examines the consequences of the planned coal phase-out in Germany according tovarious phase-out pathways that differ in the ordering of power plant closures. Soft-linking an energysystem model with an input-output model and a regional macroeconomic model simulates the socio-economic effects of the phase-out in the lignite regions, as well as in the rest of Germany. The combi-nation ...

In: Energy 196 (2020), 117004, 19 S. | Pao-Yu Oei, Hauke Hermann, Philipp Herpich, Oliver Holtemöller, Benjamin Lünenbürger, Christoph Schult
Diskussionspapiere 1879 / 2020

I Am Innocent: Hourly Variations in Air Pollution and Crime Behavior

I posit that hourly changes in air pollution affect criminality through two distinct pathways, via physiological effects on the criminal and by changes in the tightness of the market for criminal activities. To disentangle individual from market effects, I develop a behavioral model of the individual decision to transgress and a model of search-and-matching frictions between criminals and crime opportunities. ...

2020| Luis Sarmiento
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Scenarios for Coal-Exit in Germany—A Model-Based Analysis and Implications in the European Context

The political discussion to reduce the carbon footprint of Germany’s electricity sector,focusing on coal, is intensifying. In this paper, we develop scenarios for phasing out lignite and hardcoal power plants in Germany prior to the end of their technical lifespan (“coal-exit”). Our analysisbases upon two coal-exit instruments, the retirement of coal generation capacities and the limitingof how much ...

In: Energies 13 (2020), 8, Art. 2041, 19 S. | Martin Kittel, Leonard Goeke, Claudia Kemfert, Pao-Yu Oei, Christian von Hirschhausen
Diskussionspapiere 1877 / 2020

Make Sure the Kids are OK: Indirect Effects of Ground-Level Ozone on Well-Being

This paper uses a panel of German individuals and highly granular pollution data to test if air pollution affects adults’ well-being indirectly through the health of their children. Results show that ozone decreases the well-being of individuals with children while not affecting persons without kids. We confirm the same effect for fine particulate matter and sulfur dioxide. Concerning the mechanism, ...

2020| Julia Rechlitz, Luis Sarmiento, Aleksandar Zaklan
Diskussionspapiere 1878 / 2020

Waiting for My Sentence: Air Pollution and the Productivity of Court Rulings

I assert that air pollution from nitrogen oxides affects the productivity of employees in Mexican court hearings. This is the first article analyzing this connection and the first to disentangle work-breaks from the productivity of white-collar workers. I merge hourly pollution with granular hearing data under the assumption that the length of the hearing approximates productivity and identify causality ...

2020| Luis Sarmiento
DIW Weekly Report 26/27 / 2020

EU ETS Cap Must and Can Be Reduced More Quickly

Currently, the European Commission intends to increase the EU’s 2030 climate target. Instead of a 40 percent target, greenhouse gas emissions would be reduced by 50 to 55 percent compared to 1990 levels; the European Parliament is even considering a 65-percent reduction. The European Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) sectors should make an appropriate contribution to this reduction. However, decisive ...

2020| Aleksandar Zaklan, Vicki Duscha, Claudia Gibis, Jakob Wachsmuth, Jan Weiß, Claudia Kemfert
DIW Weekly Report 8/9 / 2020

Nitrate Pollution of Groundwater Long Exceeding Trigger Value; Fertilization Practices Require More Transparency and Oversight

For many years now, nitrate concentrations have exceeded the trigger value of 50 milligrams per liter at nearly one-fifth of the groundwater sampling sites in Germany. Apart from impairing the ecosystem by, for example, causing eutrophication of water bodies, nitrate-polluted drinking water also damages human health; it is suspected to cause cancer. Econometric calculations using current data confirm ...

2020| Greta Sundermann, Nicole Wägner, Astrid Cullmann, Christian von Hirschhausen, Claudia Kemfert
188 results, from 1