Topic Enviromental Markets

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184 results, from 1
DIW focus

No need for new natural gas pipelines and LNG terminals in Europe

Natural gas could play an increasing role in the German energy system following the coal exit decided in July 2020 by the German parliament. However, natural gas has no climate benefit compared to coal. What is more, Europe risks to become a battleground for the conflict between Russia and the United States. The construction of the Baltic Sea pipeline Nordstream 2 has set in motion a downward...

29.07.2020| Franziska Holz, Claudia Kemfert
Diskussionspapiere 1885 / 2020

Substituting Clean for Dirty Energy: A Bottom-Up Analysis

We fit CES and VES production functions to data from a numerical bottom-up optimization model of electricity supply with clean and dirty inputs. This approach allows for studying high shares of clean energy not observable today and for isolating mechanisms that impact the elasticity of substitution between clean and dirty energy. Central results show that (i) dirty inputs are not essential for production. ...

2020| Fabian Stöckl, Alexander Zerrahn
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Coal Phase-out in Germany: Implications and Policies for Affected Regions

The present study examines the consequences of the planned coal phase-out in Germany according tovarious phase-out pathways that differ in the ordering of power plant closures. Soft-linking an energysystem model with an input-output model and a regional macroeconomic model simulates the socio-economic effects of the phase-out in the lignite regions, as well as in the rest of Germany. The combi-nation ...

In: Energy 196 (2020), 117004, 19 S. | Pao-Yu Oei, Hauke Hermann, Philipp Herpich, Oliver Holtemöller, Benjamin Lünenbürger, Christoph Schult
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Scenarios for Coal-Exit in Germany—A Model-Based Analysis and Implications in the European Context

The political discussion to reduce the carbon footprint of Germany’s electricity sector,focusing on coal, is intensifying. In this paper, we develop scenarios for phasing out lignite and hardcoal power plants in Germany prior to the end of their technical lifespan (“coal-exit”). Our analysisbases upon two coal-exit instruments, the retirement of coal generation capacities and the limitingof how much ...

In: Energies 13 (2020), 8, Art. 2041, 19 S. | Martin Kittel, Leonard Goeke, Claudia Kemfert, Pao-Yu Oei, Christian von HirschhausenChristian von Hirschhausen
DIW Weekly Report 26/27 / 2020

EU ETS Cap Must and Can Be Reduced More Quickly

Currently, the European Commission intends to increase the EU’s 2030 climate target. Instead of a 40 percent target, greenhouse gas emissions would be reduced by 50 to 55 percent compared to 1990 levels; the European Parliament is even considering a 65-percent reduction. The European Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) sectors should make an appropriate contribution to this reduction. However, decisive ...

2020| Aleksandar Zaklan, Vicki Duscha, Claudia Gibis, Jakob Wachsmuth, Jan Weiß, Claudia Kemfert
Diskussionspapiere 1879 / 2020

I Am Innocent: Hourly Variations in Air Pollution and Crime Behavior

I posit that hourly changes in air pollution affect criminality through two distinct pathways, via physiological effects on the criminal and by changes in the tightness of the market for criminal activities. To disentangle individual from market effects, I develop a behavioral model of the individual decision to transgress and a model of search-and-matching frictions between criminals and crime opportunities. ...

2020| Luis Sarmiento
Diskussionspapiere 1877 / 2020

Make Sure the Kids are OK: Indirect Effects of Ground-Level Ozone on Well-Being

This paper uses a panel of German individuals and highly granular pollution data to test if air pollution affects adults’ well-being indirectly through the health of their children. Results show that ozone decreases the well-being of individuals with children while not affecting persons without kids. We confirm the same effect for fine particulate matter and sulfur dioxide. Concerning the mechanism, ...

2020| Julia Rechlitz, Luis Sarmiento, Aleksandar Zaklan
Diskussionspapiere 1878 / 2020

Waiting for My Sentence: Air Pollution and the Productivity of Court Rulings

I assert that air pollution from nitrogen oxides affects the productivity of employees in Mexican court hearings. This is the first article analyzing this connection and the first to disentangle work-breaks from the productivity of white-collar workers. I merge hourly pollution with granular hearing data under the assumption that the length of the hearing approximates productivity and identify causality ...

2020| Luis Sarmiento
Monographien

EU ETS up to 2030: Adjusting the Cap in Light of the IPCC1.5°C Special Report and the Paris Agreement: Ressortforschungsplan

Wir leiten ein mit dem Pariser Übereinkommen kompatibles EU-ETS-Budget auf Basis von Kosteneffizienzkriterien her mit dem Ziel, die globale Erwärmung mit einer Wahrscheinlichkeit von 50 bis 66% auf 1,5 Grad Celsius zu begrenzen und übersetzen es in einen Pfad der Cap-Reduktion. Unsere Berechnungen ergeben ein Budget von ca. 30 Gt CO2e für das EU ETS für 2016-2050. Unter aktuellen ETS-Parametern werden ...

Dessau-Roßlau: Umweltbundesamt, 2020, 33 S.
(Climate Change ; 2020, 07)
| Aleksandar Zaklan, Jakob Wachsmuth, Vicki Duscha
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Emissions Trading in Regulated Electricity Markets

In: Climate Policy (2020), im Ersch. | William Acworth, Mariza Montes de Oca, Anatole Boute, Carlotta Piantieri, Felix Christian Matthes
184 results, from 1