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Monographien

Decarbonisation of the Energy System

Our analysis highlights that the current national energy and climate plans (NECPs) of EU countries are insufficient to achieve a cost-efficient pathway to EU-wide climate neutrality by 2050.

Brussels: Bruegel, 2022, 14 S.
(Policy Contribution / Bruegel ; 01/22)
| Georg Zachmann, Franziska Holz, Claudia Kemfert, Ben McWilliams, Frank Meissner, Alexander Roth, Robin Sogalla
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Air Pollution and the Productivity of High-Skill Labor: Evidence from Court Hearings

Air pollution’s influence on cognitive productivity is a highly relevant and not fully understood economic issue. This study provides evidence of an adverse effect of exposure on the productivity of Mexican judicial workers. The empirical strategy approximates productivity with the length of the hearing and infers causality through instrumental variable panel models. Results show that nitrogen dioxides ...

In: The Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2022), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-09-01] | Luis Sarmiento
DIW Weekly Report 13 / 2022

Low Emission Zones Improve Air Quality and Health but Temporarily Decrease Life Satisfaction

Air pollution results in high economic costs arising from its negative impacts on human health, especially in urban areas. Driving restriction policies such as low emission zones (LEZs) are designed to improve air quality. Indeed, empirical analyses in this Weekly Report confirm that LEZs reduce traffic-related air pollution. However, the analyses also reveal unintended adverse effects on secondary ...

2022| Luis Sarmiento, Nicole Wägner, Aleksandar Zaklan
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Impacts of Power Sector Model Features on Optimal Capacity Expansion: A Comparative Study

The transition towards decarbonized energy systems requires the expansion of renewable and flexibility technologies in power sectors. Many powerful tools exist to find optimal capacity expansion. In a stylized comparison of six models, we evaluate the capacity expansion results of basic power sector technologies. The technologies under investigation include base- and peak load power plants, electricity ...

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 157 (2022), 112004, 12 S. | Jonas van Ouwerkerk, Hans Christian Gils, Hedda Gardian, Martin Kittel, Wolf-Peter Schill, Alexander Zerrahn, Alexander Murmann, Jann Launer, Laura Torralba-Díaz, Christian Bußar
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Chances and Barriers for Germany’s Low Carbon Transition: Quantifying Uncertainties in Key Influential Factors

With the energy sector being one of the largest sources of global greenhouse-gas emissions, a swift change in the ways of energy generation and consumption is needed for a fulfilment of climate goals. But while the existence of global warming and the resulting need for action are widely agreed upon, there is a lot of discussion around the concrete measures and their timeline. A major cause of this ...

In: Energy 239 (2022), Part A, 121901, 19 S. | Konstantin Löffler, Thorsten Burandt, Karlo Hainsch, Pao-Yu Oei, Frederik Seehaus, Felix Wejda
Nachrichten [Energie, Verkehr, Umwelt]

COP26 statement on coal exit

As COP26 drew to a close earlier this month, almost 200 nations agreed to “phase down” coal power in the coming years. How this is done, for coal and other fossil fuels, will have implications for individuals and communities that depend on these resources for their livelihoods.  The case study conducted by DIW Berlin focuses on Germany and the efforts it has undertaken to support ...

29.11.2021| Claudia Kemfert
Research Project

Open-source modeling of the future role of renewable hydrogen in Germany and Europe

In the project "Open Hydrogen Modeling", we expand and link three Berlin-based open-source models: the Global Gas Market Model (GGM), the Global Energy System Model (GENeSYS-MOD), and the electricity sector model DIETER. We investigate the prospects of the hydrogen markets in creation, ranging from the global market to the European and German market. We are particularly interested in the...

Current Project| Energy, Transportation, Environment
Research Project

The European and German Natural Gas Market in the Short and Long Run: Report on the Finalization and Commissioning of the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline Project

In this report, the role of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project for the German and the European natural gas market was investigated in the short run and the long run. In the short run, no supply gap can be identified that would justify the speedy finalization of construction works on the Nord Stream 2 project. In the long run, there is no need for the Nord Stream 2 pipeline due to the German and...

Completed Project| Energy, Transportation, Environment
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Implication of the Paris Targets for the Middle East through Different Cooperation Options

The core of the 36th round of the Energy Modeling Forum project shows that it is more likely that major fossil-fuel exporters, such as the Middle East, are highly affected because of the decrease in fossil-fuel extractions required for the worldwide fulfillment of the Paris agreement. We employ a multi-region, multi-sector computable general equilibrium model of global trade and energy to examine the ...

In: Energy Economics 104 (2021), 105629, 19 S. | Mohammad M. Khabbazan, Christian von Hirschhausen
Externe referierte Aufsätze

How Can Solar Geoengineering and Mitigation Be Combined under Climate Targets?

So far, scientific analyses have mainly focused on the pros and cons of solar geoengineering or solar radiation management (SRM) as a climate policy option in mere isolation. Here, we put SRM into the context of mitigation by a strictly temperature-target-based approach. As the main innovation, we present a scheme that extends the applicability regime of temperature targets from mitigation-only to ...

In: Earth System Dynamics 12 (2021), 4, S. 1529–1542 | Mohammad M. Khabbazan, Marius Stankoweit, Elnaz Roshan, Hauke Schmidt, Hermann Held
222 results, from 1
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