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  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Energy Transition Metals: Bottleneck for Net-Zero Emissions?

    The energy transition requires substantial amounts of metals, including copper, nickel, cobalt, and lithium. Are these metals a bottleneck? We identify metal-specific demand shocks, estimate supply elasticities, and study the price impact of the transition in a structural scenario analysis. Prices of these four metals would reach previous historical peaks but for an unprecedented, sustained period ...

    In: Journal of the European Economic Association (2024), im Ersch. [Online first: 2023-06-14] | Lukas Boer, Andrea Pescatori, Martin Stuermer
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Certification against Greenwashing in Nascent Bond Markets: Lessons from African ESG Bonds

    Africa is one of the most vulnerable continents to climate change. Climate and sustainability-linked bonds can provide funding to African governments and corporations for projects that help to mitigate climate change, combat biodiversity loss, and foster sustainable development. However, less than 0.3% of the global environmental, social, governance (ESG) bond issuance volume is devoted to projects ...

    In: Eurasian Economic Review (2024), im Ersch. [online forst: 2024-02-16] | Samuel Mutarindwa, Dorothea Schäfer, Andreas Stephan
  • Infographic

    US companies with difficulties fulfilling the local content requirements

    10.02.2023
  • Research Project

    Open Heat BE

    The heat supply in the city of Berlin will have to be substantially reformed to reach the goal of climate neutrality by 2045 while it has to cope with high gas prices today. In the research project Open Heat BE, two open numerical models are combined to analyse the short term and long term challenges of heat supply in Berlin. At TU Berlin, the energy system model GENeSYS-MOD is used at municipal...

    Current Project| Energy, Transportation, Environment
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    A Collective Blueprint, Not a Crystal Ball: How Expectations and Participation Shape Long-Term Energy Scenarios

    The development of energy systems is not a technocratic process but equally shaped by societal and cultural forces. Key instruments in this process are model-based scenarios describing a future energy system. Applying the concept of fictional expectations from social economics, we show how energy scenarios are tools to channel political, economic, and academic efforts into a common direction. To impact ...

    In: Energy Research & Social Science 97 (2023), 102957, 11 S. | Leonard Göke, Jens Weibezahn, Christian von Hirschhausen
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Stranded Nations? Transition Risks and Opportunities towards a Clean Economy

    The transition away from a fossil-fuel powered economy towards a cleaner production system will create winners and losers in the global trade system. We compile a list of 'brown' traded products whose use is highly likely to decline if the world is to mitigate climate change, and explore which countries are most at risk of seeing their productive capabilities 'stranded'. Using methods from economic ...

    In: Environmental Research Letters 18 (2023), 4, 045004, 35 S. | Pia Andres, Penny Mealy, Nils Handler, Samuel Fankhauser
  • Diskussionspapiere 2036 / 2023

    Have the Effects of Shocks to Oil Price Expectations Changed? Evidence from Heteroskedastic Proxy Vector Autoregressions

    Studies of the crude oil market based on structural vector autoregressive (VAR) models typically assume a time-invariant model and transmission of shocks or they consider a time-varying model and shock transmission. We assume a heteroskedastic reduced-form VAR model with time-invariant slope coefficients and test for time-varying impulse responses in a model for the global crude oil market that includes ...

    2023| Martin Bruns, Helmut Lütkepohl
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Replacing Gas Boilers with Heat Pumps Is the Fastest Way to Cut German Gas Consumption

    The supply security of fossil gas has been disrupted by the Russo-Ukrainian War. Decisions to relocate the production and transport of gas have become so urgent that new long-term contracts are imminent that undermine the Paris Climate Agreement. Here, we simulate how quickly the addition of renewable electricity and the installation of heat pumps can substitute enough gas to reduce supply risk, while ...

    In: Communications Earth & Environment 4 (2023), 56, 8 S. | Pietro P. Altermatt, Jens Clausen, Heiko Brendel, Christian Breyer, Christoph Gerhards, Claudia Kemfert, Urban Weber, Matthew Wright
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    The Price of Natural Gas Dependency: Price Shocks, Inequality, and Public Policy

    The 2022 natural gas price spikes across Europe raised concerns regarding their distributional consequences. This paper investigates the distributional effect of price increases between and, in particular, within different income groups in Germany, accounting for different determinants of gas expenditures. The study finds that low-income households are affected the most by the gas price increase. Low-income ...

    In: Energy Policy 175 (2023), 113472 | Mats Kröger, Maximlian Longmuir, Karsten Neuhoff, Franziska Schütze
  • Diskussionspapiere 2033 / 2023

    The Energy-Price Channel of (European) Monetary Policy

    This study examines whether central banks can combat inflation that is caused by rising energy prices. By using a high-frequency event study and a Structural Vector Autoregression, we find evidence that the European Central Bank (ECB) and the Federal Reserve (Fed) are capable of doing so by affecting domestic and global energy prices. This “energy-price channel” of monetary policy plays an important ...

    2023| Gökhan Ider, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Frederik Kurcz, Ben Schumann
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