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Research Project

Decarbonisation of energy

Determining a robust mix of energy carriers for a carbon-neutral EU Decarbonising the European energy system requires a fundamental transformation in the way societies provide, transport and consume energy. Disagreement exists over how this system should look in 2050. In this project, we prepared an overview report on the decarbonisation options for coal, natural gas, and hydrogen in Europe. The...

Current Project| Energy, Transportation, Environment
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

What Drives Green Capabilities? Evidence from German Firm-level Data

Germany is leading in green competitiveness of its product exports. Deploying the green economic complexity methodology using German AFiD firm-level micro data, this study seeks to analyze explanatory variables for this trend such as green R&D subsidies and subnational density of related green technologies in the light of path dependencies in firms accumulation of green capabilities. It...

12.03.2021| Nils Handler, DIW Berlin
Research Project

The European and German Natural Gas Market in the Short and Long Run: Report on the Finalization and Commissioning of the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline Project

In this report, the role of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project for the German and the European natural gas market was investigated in the short run and the long run. In the short run, no supply gap can be identified that would justify the speedy finalization of construction works on the Nord Stream 2 project. In the long run, there is no need for the Nord Stream 2 pipeline due to the German and...

Completed Project| Energy, Transportation, Environment
Diskussionspapiere 1983 / 2021

Optimal Discounts in Green Public Procurement

We consider a Green Public Procurement setting where the procurer provides a bid discount to environment-friendly technologies to foster their use. We assume that, before the auction, firms may switch to green technology via a publicly observable costly investment. We show that investment acts as a signaling device. This mitigates the effect of incomplete information on firms’ costs, thereby triggering ...

2021| Olga Chiappinelli, Gyula Seres
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Fossil Natural Gas Exit – A New Narrative for the European Energy Transformation towards Decarbonization

This paper discusses the potential role of fossil natural gas in the process of the energy transformation in Europe on its way to decarbonization. Mainstream conventional wisdom has it that natural gas, perhaps in combination with other gases, should maintain an important role in the energy mix, first, as a "bridge fuel", and then through a gradual transition toward "decarbonized gases". However, when ...

In: Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy 10 (2021), 2, S. 115-131 | Christian von Hirschhausen, Claudia Kemfert, Fabian Praeger
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Carbon Pricing of Basic Materials: Incentives and Risks for the Value Chain and Consumers

Different options for a reform of the EU Emissions Trading System are discussed to ensure carbon price incentives for mitigation options in the basic materials sector, while minimizing carbon leakage risks. This paper quantifies carbon leakage risks, distributional implications, and additional revenues associated with an import-only border carbon adjustment (BCA), a symmetric (import and export) BCA, ...

In: Ecological Economics 189 (2021), 107168, 15 S. | Jan Stede, Stefan Pauliuk, Gilang Hardadi, Karsten Neuhoff
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Leniency Rule Revisited: Experiments on Cartel Formation with Open Communication

The experimental literature on antitrust enforcement provides robust evidence that communication plays an important role for the formation and stability of cartels. We extend these studies through a design that distinguishes between innocuous communication and communication about a cartel, sanctioning only the latter. To this aim, we introduce a participant in the role of the competition authority, ...

In: International Journal of Industrial Organization 76 (2021), 102728, 25 S. | Maximilian Andres, Lisa Bruttel, Jana Friedrichsen
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Environmental Kuznets Curve in France and Germany: Role of Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy

This paper aims to quantify the relation between real GDP, CO2 emissions, renewable and nonrenewable energy consumption, tourism development and labor force for France and Germany as these two countries are pioneer countries pushing Paris agreement within and outside the European Union. The time spans have been used for the period of 1995–2015 according to data availability. In the presence of cross-sectional ...

In: Renewable Energy 172 (2021), S. 88-99 | Xuejiao Ma, Najid Ahmad, Pao-Yu Oei
Diskussionspapiere 1976 / 2021

Energy Transition Metals

The energy transition requires substantial amounts of metals such as copper, nickel, cobalt and lithium. Are these metals a key bottleneck? We identify metal-specific demand shocks, estimate supply elasticities and pin down the price impact of the energy transition in a structural scenario analysis. Metal prices would reach historical peaks for an unprecedented, sustained period in a net-zero emissions ...

2021| Lukas Boer, Andrea Pescatori, Martin Stuermer
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Mexico and U.S. Power Systems Under Variations in Natural Gas Prices

This study examines the impact of natural gas prices on the power systems of Mexico and the United States. For this, we develop an integrated modeling framework by soft linking three different techno-economic bottom-up models of the power and energy systems, one partial equilibrium model of the natural gas sector, and a partial equilibrium model of the Mexican energy sector. Our results show several ...

In: Energy Policy 156 (2021), 112378, 18 S. | Luis Sarmiento, Anahi Molar-Cruz, Charalampos Avraam, Maxwell Brown, Juan Rossellón, Sauleh Siddiqui, Baltazar Solano Rodríguez
498 results, from 1