Topic Digitalization

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Diskussionspapiere 1964 / 2021

Income Business Cycles

Using a wide variety of business cycle dating and filtering techniques, this paper documents the cyclical behavior of the post-tax income distribution in the US. First, all incomes are cyclical and co-move with the business cycle. Second, lower and higher income individuals experience significantly larger fluctuations across the business cycle than middle-income individuals. Third, these fluctuations ...

2021| Geraldine Dany-Knedlik, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Sandra Pasch
DIW Weekly Report 19/20/21 / 2021

Mobile Phone Network Expansion in Sparsely Populated Regions in Germany: Roaming Benefits Consumers

As part of the 2019 frequency allocation process for mobile communications, the Federal Network Agency required network providers to achieve a certain level of mobile network coverage for the population. Cooperation between different network providers was also permitted for the first time, although it was not specified what forms of cooperation are permitted. Using a model, this report shows that providers ...

2021| Pio Baake, Kay Mitusch
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Exposure to Inequality May Cause Under-provision of Public Goods: Experimental Evidence

Economic inequality is rising globally and due to developments in information technologies and globalization, nowadays individuals are more exposed to such an inequality than ever. Recent studies show that exposure to inequality may shape economic decisions. In this article, we test whether contributions in the public goods game are sensitive to information about inequality of personal benefits between ...

In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 92 (2021), 101679, 10 S. | Pablo Brañas-Garza, Elena Molis, Levent Neyse
SOEPpapers 1148 / 2021

Television, Health, and Happiness: A Natural Experiment in West Germany

Watching television is the most time-consuming human activity besides work but its role for individual well-being is unclear. Negative consequences portrayed in the literature raise the question whether this popular pastime constitutes an economic good or bad, and hence serves as a prime example of irrational behavior reducing individual health and happiness. Using rich panel data, we are the first ...

2021| Adrian Chadi, Manuel Hoffmann
Diskussionspapiere 1939 / 2021

The Value of Data for Prediction Policy Problems: Evidence from Antibiotic Prescribing

Large-scale data show promise to provide efficiency gains through individualized risk predictions in many business and policy settings. Yet, assessments of the degree of data-enabled efficiency improvements remain scarce. We quantify the value of the availability of a variety of data combinations for tackling the policy problem of curbing antibiotic resistance, where the reduction of inefficient antibiotic ...

2021| Shan Huang, Michael Allan Ribers, Hannes Ullrich
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Comparing Regulatory Designs for the Transmission of Offshore Wind Energy

Offshore wind plays an ever-increasing role for the global transition to renewable energy. For offshore wind energy to be successful, cost-effective transport of the produced electricity to shore is necessary. The development and operation of the offshore transmission asset is costly and regulated differently across the globe. In most countries, the TSO is responsible for the transmission and develops ...

In: Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy 10 (2021), 1, S. 229-249 | Yann Girard, Claudia Kemfert, Julius Stoll
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Merger Policy in Digital Markets: An Ex-Post Assessment

This paper presents a broad retrospective evaluation of mergers and merger decisions in markets dominated by multisided digital platforms. First, we document almost 300 acquisitions carried out by three major tech companies—Amazon, Facebook, and Google—between 2008 and 2018. We cluster target companies on their area of economic activity providing suggestive evidence on the strategies behind these mergers. ...

In: Journal of Competition Law & Economics 17 (2020), 1, S. 95-140 | Elena Argentesi, Paolo Buccirossi, Emilio Calvano, Tomaso Duso, Alessia Marrazzo, Salvatore Nava
Externe referierte Aufsätze

People Underestimate the Errors Made by Algorithms for Credit Scoring and Recidivism Prediction but Accept Even Fewer Errors

This study provides the first representative analysis of error estimations and willingness to accept errors in a Western country (Germany) with regards to algorithmic decision-making systems (ADM). We examine people’s expectations about the accuracy of algorithms that predict credit default, recidivism of an offender, suitability of a job applicant, and health behavior. Also, we ask whether expectations ...

In: Scientific Reports 11 (2021), 20171, 11 S. | Felix G. Rebitschek, Gerd Gigerenzer, Gert G. Wagner

Renewable Energy Targets and Unintended Storage Cycling: Implications for Energy Modeling

To decarbonize the economy, many governments have set targets for the use of renewable energy sources. These are often formulated as relative shares of electricity demand or supply. Implementing respective constraints in energy models is a surprisingly delicate issue. They may cause a modeling artifact of excessive electricity storage use. We introduce this phenomenon as 'unintended storage cycling', ...

Ithaca:, 2021, 48 S.
(arXiv ; 2107.13380)
| Martin Kittel, Wolf-Peter Schill
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Big Tech Acquisitions — Towards Empirical Evidence

In: Journal of European Competition Law & Practice 12 (2021), 6, S. 471–478 | Pauline Affeldt, Reinhold Kesler
364 results, from 11