Topic Competition and Regulation

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DIW Weekly Report 33 / 2021

Hospital Mergers Can Impact the Offer of Health Care Services

In the last decades, many European hospital markets witnessed a wave of mergers leading to increased levels of market concentration. The effects of hospital mergers and the effectiveness of competition enforcement have been discussed by politicians but understudied by academics. This report studies how hospital mergers impact hospital service provision by focusing on the French hospital industry from ...

2021| Daniel Herrera-Araujo, Joanna Piechucka
Diskussionspapiere 1965 / 2021

Estimating Demand with Multi-Homing in Two-Sided Markets

We empirically investigate the relevance of multi-homing in two-sided markets. First, we build a micro-founded structural econometric model that encompasses demand for differentiated products and allows for multi-homing on both sides of the market. We then use an original dataset on the Italian daily newspaper market that includes information on double-homing by readers to estimate readers’ and advertisers’ ...

2021| Pauline Affeldt, Elena Argentesi, Lapo Filistrucchi
Diskussionspapiere 1961 / 2021

Economic Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Entrepreneurship and Small Businesses

The existential threat to small businesses, based on their crucial role in the economy, is behind the plethora of scholarly studies in 2020, the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Examining the 14 contributions of the special issue on the “Economic Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Entrepreneurship and Small Businesses,” the paper comprises four parts: a systematic review of the literature on the ...

2021| Maksim Belitski, Christina Guenther, Alexander S. Kritikos, Roy Thurik
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Big Tech Acquisitions — Towards Empirical Evidence

In: Journal of European Competition Law & Practice 12 (2021), 6, S. 471–478 | Pauline Affeldt, Reinhold Kesler
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25 Years of European Merger Control

We study the determinants of common European merger policy over its first 25 years, from 1990 to 2014. Using a novel dataset at the level of the relevant antitrust markets and containing all relevant merger cases notified to the European Commission, we evaluate how consistently arguments related to structural market parameters – dominance, rising concentration, barriers to entry, and foreclosure – ...

In: International Journal of Industrial Organization 76 (2021), 102720, 22 S. | Pauline Affeldt, Tomaso Duso, Florian Szücs
DIW Weekly Report 10 / 2021

Green Deal for Industry: A Clear Policy Framework Is More Important Than Funding

The European Commission is facing the challenge and opportunity of implementing the Green Deal while simultaneously initiating the recovery of the economy following the coronavirus crisis. Investments in the basic materials industry’s transition to climate neutrality play a central role in this, as the sector is responsible for 16 percent of the EU’s CO2 emissions and is key to downstream value chains. ...

2021| Karsten Neuhoff, Olga Chiappinelli, Mats Kröger, Frederik Lettow, Jörn Richstein, Franziska Schütze, Jan Stede, Xi Sun
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Financing Power: Impacts of Energy Policies in Changing Regulatory Environments

Power systems with increasing shares of wind and solar power generation have higher capital costs and lower operational costs than power systems based on fossil fuels. This increases the importance of the financing costs for total system cost. We quantify how renewable energy support policies can affect the financing costs by addressing regulatory risk and facilitating hedging. We use interview data ...

In: The Energy Journal 42 (2021), 4, S. 131-151 | Nils May, Karsten Neuhoff
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Common Ownership in the U.S. Pharmaceutical Industry: A Network Analysis

We investigate patterns in common ownership networks between firms that are active in the U.S. pharmaceutical industry for the period 2004–2014. Our main findings are that “brand firms”—that is, firms that have research and development capabilities and launch new drugs—exhibit relatively dense common ownership networks with each other that further increase significantly in density over time, whereas ...

In: The Antitrust Bulletin 66 (2021), 1, S. 68–99 | Albert Banal-Estañol, Melissa Newham, Jo Seldeslachts
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The Nexus between Loan Portfolio Size and Volatility: Does Bank Capital Regulation Matter?

This paper analyzes the effects of bank capital regulation on the link between bank size and volatility. Using bank-level data for 27 advanced economies over the 2000–2014 period, we estimate a power law that relates the volume of a bank’s loan portfolio to the volatility of loan growth. Our analysis reveals, first, that more stringent capital regulation weakens the size-volatility nexus. Hence, in ...

In: Journal of Banking & Finance 127 (2021), im Ersch. | Franziska Bremus, Melina Ludolph
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Cost Efficiency and Endogenous Regulatory Choices: Evidence from the Transport Industry in France

We study the impact of different regulatory designs on the cost efficiency of operators providing a public service, exploiting data from the French transport industry. The distinctive feature of the study is that it considers regulatory regimes as endogenously determined choices, explained by economic, political, and institutional variables. Our approach leans on a positive analysis to study the determinants ...

In: Journal of Regulatory Economics 59 (2021), S. 25-46
656 results, from 21