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315 results, from 81
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Do Prices and Purchases Respond Similarly to Soft Drink Tax Increases and Cuts?

    While in January 2012, Denmark increased the long-standing tax on sugary soft drinks, the tax was cut byhalf in July 2013 and then completely repealed in January 2014. In this study, we examine whetherincreases and cuts of the soft drink tax lead to similar over- or under-shifting to prices and to similardemand responses. We use longitudinal scanner data of 1,282 Danish households to estimate within-product ...

    In: Economics and Human Biology 37 (2020), 100864, 10 S. | Renke Schmacker, Sinne Smed
  • Externe Monographien

    Four Essays on the Economics of Digitization

    Der technische Fortschritt in den Informationstechnologien eröffnet beispiellose wirtschaftliche Möglichkeiten. Durch eine drastische Reduzierung der Kosten dieser Technologien ist es heute so einfach wie noch nie, Informationen und Wissen zu akquirieren, zu kommunizieren und Produkte und Dienstleistungen zu handeln. Die damit einhergehende Umwälzung der Wirtschaft wirft zahlreiche ökonomische Fragestellungen ...

    Berlin: TU Berlin, 2020, XIV, 159 S. | Maximilian Schäfer
  • DIW Weekly Report 21/22 / 2020

    Mobile Money is Driving Financial Development in Africa

    Mobile money is an innovation that allows financial transactions to be performed via a cell phone. Even in poor regions of Africa, almost everyone has a cell phone; therefore, mobile money could both contribute to the continent’s economic growth and ensure that no Africans are excluded from access to financial services. However, DIW Berlin data from Uganda show that mobile money is actually used less ...

    2020| Katharina Lehmann-Uschner, Lukas Menkhoff
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Consumption-Oriented Policy Instruments for Fostering Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

    Most policy instruments to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have focused on producers, and on the energy efficiency of buildings, vehicles and other products. Behavioural changes related to climate change also impact ‘in-use’ emissions, and potentially, emissions both ‘upstream’ (including from imported goods) and ‘downstream’ (eg disposal). Consumption-oriented policies may provide avenues to ...

    In: Climate Policy 20 (2020), Suppl. 1, S. S58–S73 | Michael Grubb, Doug Crawford-Brown, Karsten Neuhoff, Karin Schanes, Sonja Hawkins, Alexandra Poncia
  • Externe Monographien

    The Effect of Self-Control on Borrowing: Experimental Evidence

    This paper examines the effect of reduced self-control on debt-taking in a laboratory experiment. We manipulate self-control using an ego depletion task and show that it is effective. Following the ego depletion task, participants can anonymously buy hot drinks on credit. We find no significant average effects, but find that treated individuals that have low financial literacy are more likely to buy ...

    Munich: Collaborative Research Center Transregio 190, 2020, 36 S. : Anh.
    (Discussion paper / Rationality & Competition, CRC TRR 190 ; 264)
    | Antonia Grohmann, Jana Hamdan
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2020

    Systemic Usury and the European Consumer Credit Directive

    Wucher ist ein häufiges Phänomen auf den Verbraucherkreditmärkten und betrifft insbesondere Haushalte mit niedrigem Einkommen. Obwohl der Begriff Wucher Bilder eines gierigen Individuums beschwört, das bewusst handelt, um die schwache Verhandlungsposition eines anderen mit irreführenden und sogar betrügerischen Mitteln auszunutzen, betrachten wir ihn als systemisches Problem: als ein Problem der sozialen ...

    2020| Doris Neuberger, Udo Reifner
  • DIW Roundup 137 / 2020

    Why Are We Eating so Much Meat?

    There are various reasons why humans may want to reduce their consumption of meat and other animal products. In the following, we lay out important stylized facts about individual meat consumption, and then discuss the challenges and puzzles surrounding effective behavior change toward more sustainable, plant-based diets.

    2020| Jana Friedrichsen, Manja Gärtner
  • Diskussionspapiere 1860 / 2020

    The Financial Accelerator, Wages, and Optimal Monetary Policy

    I study the effects of labor market outcomes on firms' loan demand and credit intermediation. I first show in partial equilibrium that the presence of frictions in the banking sector lowers the capital factor demand elasticity to changes in real wages. This finding helps to connect the substitutability of labor and capital with credit conditions. Second, I use a new Keynesian banking model with an ...

    2020| Tobias König
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Financial Education in Schools: A Meta-Analysis of Experimental Studies

    We study the literature on school financial education programs for children and youth via a quantitative meta-analysis of 37 (quasi-) experiments. We find that financial education treatments have, on average, sizeable impacts on financial knowledge (+0.33 SD), similar to educational interventions in other domains. Additionally, we document smaller effects on financial behaviors among students (+0.07 ...

    In: Economics of Education Review 78 (2020), 101930, 15 S. | Tim Kaiser, Lukas Menkhoff
  • Diskussionspapiere 1845 / 2020

    Hours Risk and Wage Risk: Repercussions over the Life-Cycle

    We decompose permanent earnings risk into contributions from hours and wage shocks. To distinguish between hours shocks, modeled as innovations to the marginal disutility of work, and labor supply reactions to wage shocks we formulate a life-cycle model of consumption and labor supply. Both permanent wage and hours shocks are important to explain earnings risk, but wage shocks have greater relevance. ...

    2020| Robin Jessen, Johannes König
315 results, from 81
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