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  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    The Long Way to Tax Transparency: Lessons from the Early Publishers of Country-by-Country Reports

    In this paper, we analyse a sample of voluntarily published country-by-country reports (CbCRs) of 35 multinational enterprises (MNEs). We assess the value added and the limitations of qualitative and quantitative information provided in the reports based on a comparison to individual MNEs’ annual financial reports and aggregate CbCR data provided by the OECD. In terms of data quality, we find that ...

    In: International Tax and Public Finance (2024), im Ersch. [online first: 2024-01-11] | Sarah Godar, Giulia Aliprandi, Tommaso Faccio, Petr Janský, Katia Toledo Ruiz
  • Diskussionspapiere 2082 / 2024

    Revisiting Investment Costs for Green Steel: Capital Expenditures, Firm Level Impacts, and Policy Implications

    The transition of the steel sector to carbon neutrality requires significant investment. In this study, we aim to better understand the scale of investment required for a transition to hydrogen-based steelmaking and the ability of listed steelmakers to finance this investment. First, we analyze how capital expenditures are estimated in the academic literature and compare them with reported investment ...

    2024| Alexandra Hüttel, Judith Lehner
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Does Gender of Firm Ownership Matter? Female Entrepreneurs and the Gender Pay Gap

    We examine how the gender of business owners is related to the wages paid to female relative to male employees working in their firms. Using Finnish register data and employing firm fixed effects, we find that the gender pay gap is—starting from a gender pay gap of 11 to 12%—two to three percentage points lower for hourly wages in female-owned firms than in male-owned firms. Results are robust to how ...

    In: Journal of Population Economics 37 (2024), Art. 52, 31 S. | Alexander S. Kritikos, Mika Maliranta, Veera Nippala, Satu Nurmi
  • Diskussionspapiere 2085 / 2024

    Renminbi Rising? Exporters' Response to China's Currency Internationalization

    This paper investigates the heterogeneous responses of exporters to policy reforms undertaken by the People’s Bank of China to internationalize the Renminbi (RMB). Using detailed customs data from France for the initial years of these reforms (2011-2017), it documents several novel stylized facts on RMB adoption, highlighting both the growth and extreme skewness in RMB’s uptake across firms and varieties. ...

    2024| Sonali Chowdhry
  • DIW Weekly Report 22/23 / 2024

    Quantifying Bargaining Power in Supply Chains: Essential for Merger Control

    Merger control plays a central role in competition policy. When assessing proposed mergers, Competition Authorities should consider its impact on all relevant markets. Large mergers between manufacturers typically impact competition, thus requiring the approval of Competition Authorities. Divestitures are often a condition of merger approval. This report investigates the effectiveness of implementing ...

    2024| Yann Delaprez, Morgane Guignard
  • Externe Monographien

    Does Gender of Firm Ownership Matter? Female Entrepreneurs and the Gender Pay Gap

    We examine how the gender of business-owners is related to the wages paid to female relative to male employees working in their firms. Using Finnish register data and employing firm fixed effects, we find that the gender pay gap is – starting from a gender pay gap of 11 to 12 percent - two to three percentage-points lower for hourly wages in female-owned firms than in maleowned firms. Results are robust ...

    2024, 39 S.
    (GLO Discussion Paper Series ; 1422)
    | Alexander S. Kritikos, Mika Maliranta, Veera Nippala, Satu Nurmi
  • Externe Monographien

    Does Gender of Firm Ownership Matter? Female Entrepreneurs and the Gender Pay Gap

    We examine how the gender of business-owners is related to the wages paid to female relative to male employees working in their firms. Using Finnish register data and employing firm fixed effects, we find that the gender pay gap is – starting from a gender pay gap of 11 to 12 percent - two to three percentage-points lower for hourly wages in female-owned firms than in maleowned firms. Results are robust ...

    Potsdam: Universität Potsdam, 2024, 39 S.
    (CEPA Discussion Paper ; 76)
    | Alexander S. Kritikos, Mika Maliranta, Veera Nippala, Satu Nurmi
  • Diskussionspapiere 2073 / 2024

    Acquiring R&D Projects: Who, When, and What? Evidence from Antidiabetic Drug Development

    This paper analyzes M&A patterns of R&D projects in the antidiabetics industry. For this purpose, we construct a database with all corporate individual antidiabetics R&D projects over the period 1997 - 2017, and add detailed information on firms’ technology dimension using patent information, next to their position in product markets. This allows us to identify the identity of targets and acquirers ...

    2024| Jan Malek, Melissa Newham, Jo Seldeslachts, Reinhilde Veugelers
  • Externe Monographien

    Access to digital finances: Equity Crowdfunding across Countries and Platforms

    Financing entrepreneurship spurs innovation and economic growth. Digital financial platforms that crowdfund equity for entrepreneurs have emerged globally, yet they remain poorly understood. We model equity crowdfunding in terms of the relationship between the number of investors and the amount of money raised per pitch. We examine heterogeneity in the average amount raised per pitch that is associated ...

    Potsdam: CEPA, 2024, 27 S.
    (CEPA Discussion Papers ; 72)
    | Saul Estrin, Susanna Khavul, Alexander S. Kritikos, Jonas Löher
  • DIW Weekly Report 3 / 2024

    Share of Women on the Executive Boards of Large Companies Has Increased, but Generally Is at Most One Woman

    The number of women serving on the executive boards of large companies in Germany once again increased in 2023: Around 18 percent (153 of 875) of executive board members at the 200 largest companies were women as of late fall 2023, two percentage points higher than in 2022. Thus, growth has slightly picked up again. In some of the groups of companies analyzed, the figure was even higher. Around 23 ...

    2024| Virginia Sondergeld, Katharina Wrohlich, Anja Kirsch
729 results, from 21
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