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300 results, from 21
Diskussionspapiere 1842 / 2020

The MARS Algorithm in the Spatial Framework: Non-Linearities and Spatial Effects in Hedonic Models

Multivariate Adaptive Regression Spline (MARS) is a simple and powerful non-parametric technique that automatizes the selection of non-linear terms in regression models. Non-linearities and spatial effects are natural characteristics in numerous spatial hedonic pricing models. In this paper, we propose using the MARS data-driven methodology combined with the Instrumental Variables method in order to ...

2020| Fernando A. López, Konstantin A. Kholodilin
Diskussionspapiere 1898 / 2020

A Duration Approach for Estimating the Marginal Renewal Cost at German Motorways

We estimate the marginal costs of road renewals as part of a social marginal cost scheme for road user charging. Within an analytical approach that mirrors the relationship between road deterioration, traffic load and road renewal, we use an accelerated failure time model for road pavement with the purpose to derive the effect from traffic increase on the length of road renewal cycles. Based on a comprehensive ...

2020| Neil Murray, Heike Link
Diskussionspapiere 1890 / 2020

Airbnb and Rents: Evidence from Berlin

Cities worldwide have regulated peer-to-peer short-term rental platforms claiming that those platforms remove apartments from the long-term housing market, causing an in- crease in rents. Establishing and quantifying such a causal link is, however, challenging. We investigate two policy changes in Berlin to first assess how effective they were in regulating Airbnb, the largest online peer-to-peer short-term ...

2020| Tomaso Duso, Claus Michelsen, Maximilian Schäfer, Kevin Ducbao Tran
Diskussionspapiere 1848 / 2020

Economic Effects of Transportation Infrastructure Quantity and Quality: A Study of German Counties

In this paper, we analyze the impact of transportation infrastructure quantity and quality on regional economic production. We exploit an extensive panel dataset on the German county level (N=401), expressing the capital value and condition of highways between 2007 and 2016, to estimate a spatially extended translog production function. The spatial specification uses SLX and SDEM models, with various ...

2020| Dennis Gaus, Heike Link
Research Project

Modern state-owned firms' performance: An empirical analysis of productivity, market power and innovation

In sectors of general interests, the economic activity of the state decreased over decades as a consequence of privatisation and liberalisation. Recently, local governments began to remunicipalise in the energy and water sector, thereby creating a new and modern generation of state-owned firms.  These firms, however, differ in organisation and production environment from the state monopolists...

Current Project| Firms and Markets, Energy, Transportation, Environment
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

Satisfaction with life and tourism: empirical investigation on a case of Germany

Impact of tourism on lives of residents is of great importance for tourism industry for a range of reasons. Tourism development is undertaken in order to promote economic prosperity of the destination to improve wellbeing of residents. On the other hand, support from residents is of great importance for achieving positive overall experience for tourists.In a series of works we investigated...

11.04.2019| Oksana Tokarchuk (Competence Centre in Tourism Management and Tourism Economics (TOMTE))
Research Project

Support study for the evaluation of the rules for operating aid under the EU aviation framework applicable as of 2014

As part of the evaluation process of the current State aid rules, the European Commission has awarded to the consortium of Lear, DIW Berlin, and Sheppard Mullin, a specific contract to carry out a study to support its evaluation of the rules regarding access of airports to operating aid under the EU Aviation Framework applicable as of 2014 (2014 Aviation Guidelines or the Guidelines). The study...

Completed Project| Firms and Markets

The Potential for Industrial Activity among EU Regions: An Empirical Analysis at the NUTS2 Level

In the last decade, many parts of the world experienced severe increases in agricultural land prices. This price surge, however, did not take place evenly in space and time. To better understand the spatial and temporal behavior of land prices, we employ a price diffusion model that combines features of market integration models and spatial econometric models. An application of this model to farmland ...

Berlin: HU Berlin, 2019, 28 S.
(FORLand Working Papers ; 13)
| Martin Gornig, Axel Werwatz
DIW Weekly Report 43 / 2019

Productivity: Urban-Rural Differences Affect Productivity More Than East-West Differences

Following reunification, productivity in eastern Germany grew rapidly. A strong industrial sector is key to a thriving German economy. However, the narrowing of the industrial productivity gap between eastern and western Germany has come to a standstill since the financial and economic crisis and the gap remains considerable today. Nevertheless, when comparing similar regions in eastern and western ...

2019| Heike Belitz, Martin Gornig, Alexander Schiersch
300 results, from 21