Topic Productivity

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240 results, from 11

Working Life and Human Capital Investment: Causal Evidence from Pension Reform

This paper presents a life-cycle model with human capital investment during working life through training and provides a novel empirical test of human capital theory. We exploit a sizable pension reform across adjacent cohorts in a regression discontinuity setting and find that an increase in working life increases training. We discuss and test further predictions regarding the relation between initial ...

Bonn: IZA, 2020, 40 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 12891)
| Niklas Gohl, Peter Haan, Elisabeth Kurz, Felix Weinhardt
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Consequences of Overeducation among Career Starters in Germany: A Trap for the Vocationally Trained as well as for University Graduates?

Research on the consequences of starting in overeducation often focuses on either secondary or tertiary graduates. We focus on both within one country, Germany. While matching and search models imply the improvement of initial overeducation, human capital theory and stigma associated with overeducation predict entrapment. The strongly skill- and occupation-based labour market for the vocationally trained ...

In: European Sociological Review 36 (2020), 3, S. 413–428 | Paul Schmelzer, Thorsten Schneider
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 3 / 2020

Trade, Global Value Chains and Development: What Role for National Development Banks?

In diesem Artikel diskutieren wir die Notwendigkeit von Industriepolitik und die Rolle der Entwicklungsbanken für wirtschaftliche Entwicklung. Der Aufholprozess der Länder des globalen Südens auf das Produktivitätsniveau und den Lebensstandard des globalen Nordens ist die Ausnahme. Dafür gibt es im Wesentlichen zwei ökonomische Erklärungen. Erstens werden die Entwicklungsländer zu Low-Tech- und arbeitsintensiven ...

2020| Petra Dünhaupt, Hansjörg Herr
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Microfirms and Innovation in the Service Sector

In: Small Business Economics 55 (2020), 4, S. 997-1018 | David B. Audretsch, Alexander S. Kritikos, Alexander Schiersch
Diskussionspapiere 1878 / 2020

Waiting for My Sentence: Air Pollution and the Productivity of Court Rulings

I assert that air pollution from nitrogen oxides affects the productivity of employees in Mexican court hearings. This is the first article analyzing this connection and the first to disentangle work-breaks from the productivity of white-collar workers. I merge hourly pollution with granular hearing data under the assumption that the length of the hearing approximates productivity and identify causality ...

2020| Luis Sarmiento
Diskussionspapiere 1849 / 2020

Testing the Superstar Firm Hypothesis

The superstar firms model provides a compelling explanation for two simultaneously occurring phenomena: the rise of concentration in industries and the fall of labor shares. Our empirical analysis confirms two of the underlying assumptions of the model: the market share increases and the labor share decreases with increasing firm-level total factor productivity, providing support for the superstar ...

2020| Alexander Schiersch, Caroline Stiel
Diskussionspapiere 1868 / 2020

Knowledge-Based Capital and Productivity Divergence

Understanding the causes of the slowdown in aggregate productivity growth is key to maintaining the competitiveness of advanced economies and ensuring long-term economic prosperity. This paper is the first to provide evidence that investment in Knowledge-Based Capital (KBC), despite having a positive effect on productivity at the micro level, is a driver of the weak productivity performance at the ...

2020| Marie Le Mouel, Alexander Schiersch
SOEPpapers 1069 / 2020

Refugees’ and Irregular Migrants’ Self-selection into Europe: Who Migrates Where?

We analyze self-selection of refugees and irregular migrants and test our theory in the context of the European refugee crisis. Using unique datasets from the International Organization for Migration and Gallup World Polls, we provide the first large-scale evidence on reasons to emigrate, and the self-selection and sorting of refugees and irregular migrants. Refugees and female irregular migrants are ...

2020| Cevat Giray Aksoy, Panu Poutvaara

Workshop on Development Economics: "Firms and Productivity"

This workshop brings together high profile junior researchers from leading universities in Europe and the US, who present recent work on the nexus of firms and productivity in developing economies. The workshop is jointly organized by researchers from the DIW and the University of Munich (LMU). Attendance by invitation!

Research Project

Modern state-owned firms' performance: An empirical analysis of productivity, market power and innovation

In sectors of general interests, the economic activity of the state decreased over decades as a consequence of privatisation and liberalisation. Recently, local governments began to remunicipalise in the energy and water sector, thereby creating a new and modern generation of state-owned firms.  These firms, however, differ in organisation and production environment from the state monopolists...

Current Project| Firms and Markets, Energy, Transportation, Environment
240 results, from 11