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248 results, from 61
Diskussionspapiere 1692 / 2017

Employment and Human Capital Investment Intentions among Recent Refugees in Germany

Motivations to participate in the labour market as well as to invest in labour market skills are crucial for the successful integration of refugees. In this paper we use a unique dataset – the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Refugee Survey, which is a representative longitudinal study of all refugees reported on administrative records in Germany – and analyse which determinants and characteristics are correlated with ...

2017| Peter Haan, Martin Kroh, Kent Troutman
SOEPpapers 938 / 2017

The Space of Capital: A Latent Class Analysis of Capital Portfolios in Germany

The aim of this paper is to construct the “space of capital” based on disaggregated measures of capital portfolios and to analyze the dynamics of class mobility over time. Drawing on Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of the “social space”, we argue that it is possible to directly assess the structural dimensions of the social space as a space of (economic and cultural) capital, including wealth as an important ...

2017| Nora Waitkus, Olaf Groh-Samberg
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Intended College Enrollment and Educational Inequality: Do Students Lack Information?

Despite increasing access to university education, students from disadvantaged or non-academic family backgrounds are still underrepresented in universities. In this regard, the economics literature has focused on the role of financial constraints as a cause of these observed differences in educational choices. Our knowledge of potential effects of other constraints regarding university education is ...

In: Economics of Education Review 60 (2017), S. 125-141 | Frauke H. Peter, Vaishali Zambre
SOEPpapers 911 / 2017

Zur Berechnung von Bruttostundenlöhnen - Verdienst(struktur)erhebung und Sozio-oekonomisches Panel im Vergleich

Aufgrund der Festlegung des gesetzlichen Mindestlohns als Stundenlohn müssen valide Informationen, zu Bruttostundenlöhnen aus den Angaben zu Monatsentgelten und wöchentlichen Arbeitszeiten, berechnet werden. Dieser Beitrag vergleicht methodisch sowie empirisch das Sozio-oekonomische Panel und die Verdienst(struktur)erhebung. Demnach bestehen grundlegende konzeptionelle Unterschiede, in der Stichprobenziehung ...

2017| Matthias Dütsch, Ralf Himmelreicher, Clemens Ohlert
SOEPpapers 890 / 2016

Locus of Control and Investment in Training

This paper extends standard models of work-related training by explicitly incorporating workers' locus of control into the investment decision. Our model both differentiates between general and specific training and accounts for the role of workers and firms in training decisions. Workers with an internal locus of control are predicted to engage in more general training than are their external co-workers ...

2016| Marco Caliendo, Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, Helke Seitz, Arne Uhlendorff
SOEPpapers 887 / 2016

Locus of Control and Mothers' Return to Employment

This paper investigates the effect of locus of control (LOC) on the length of mothers’ employment break after childbirth. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), duration data reveals that women with an internal LOC return to employment more quickly than women with an external LOC.We find that this effect is particularly pronounced in jobs in which the penalties in terms of lower ...

2016| Eva M. Berger, Luke Haywood
SOEPpapers 834 / 2016

Cognitive Skills, Non-Cognitive Skills, and Family Background: Evidence from Sibling Correlations

This paper estimates sibling correlations in cognitive and non-cognitive skills to evaluate the importance of family background for skill formation. Based on a large representative German dataset including IQ test scores and measures of non-cognitive skills, a restricted maximum likelihood model indicates a strong relationship between family background and skill formation. Sibling correlations in non-cognitive ...

2016| Silke Anger, Daniel D. Schnitzlein
DIW Economic Bulletin 34/35 / 2016

Many Refugees Have Work Experience but a Smaller Share Possess Formal Vocational Qualifications

Academic and vocational qualifications play a crucial role when it comes to successfully integrating refugees and other migrants into society. What qualifications did migrants already acquire in their country of origin and which did they obtain in Germany? And to what extent are qualifications gained abroad recognized in Germany? The IAB-SOEP Migration Sample shows that the majority of the migrant ...

2016| Elisabeth Liebau, Zerrin Salikutluk
Diskussionspapiere 1561 / 2016

Increased Instruction Hours and the Widening Gap in Student Performance

Do increased instruction hours improve the performance of all students? Using PISA scores of students in ninth grade, we analyse the effect of a German education reform that increased weekly instruction hours by two hours (6.5 percent) overalmost five years. In the additional time, students are taught new learning content. On average, the reform improves student performance. However, treatment effects ...

2016| Mathias Huebener, Susanne Kuger, Jan Marcus
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Productivity in German Manufacturing Firms: Does Fixed-Term Employment Matter?

This study empirically analyses how the use of fixed-term employment affects labour productivity of establishments. To this end, a large data set of German manufacturing establishments and various panel data models are used in order to test the expected non-linear relationship between labour productivity and the use of fixed-term employees. The analysis takes into account the possible distortions that ...

In: International Labour Review 155 (2016), 4, S. 535-562 | Sebastian Nielen, Alexander Schiersch
248 results, from 61