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Topic Productivity

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243 results, from 61
SOEPpapers 890 / 2016

Locus of Control and Investment in Training

This paper extends standard models of work-related training by explicitly incorporating workers' locus of control into the investment decision. Our model both differentiates between general and specific training and accounts for the role of workers and firms in training decisions. Workers with an internal locus of control are predicted to engage in more general training than are their external co-workers ...

2016| Marco Caliendo, Deborah A. Cobb-Clark, Helke Seitz, Arne Uhlendorff
SOEPpapers 887 / 2016

Locus of Control and Mothers' Return to Employment

This paper investigates the effect of locus of control (LOC) on the length of mothers’ employment break after childbirth. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), duration data reveals that women with an internal LOC return to employment more quickly than women with an external LOC.We find that this effect is particularly pronounced in jobs in which the penalties in terms of lower ...

2016| Eva M. Berger, Luke Haywood
SOEPpapers 854 / 2016

Naturalisation and Investments in Children's Human Capital: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

This paper assesses educational attainment of immigrant children, in particular evaluating whether naturalised parents invest more in their children’s human capital than non-naturalised parents. Findings of the literature indicate that citizenship is associated with lower return migration probability. Since the returns to investments in (country-specific) human capital increase with the duration of ...

2016| Friedericke von Haaren-Giebel

Cognitive Skills, Non-Cognitive Skills, and Family Background: Evidence from Sibling Correlations

This paper estimates sibling correlations in cognitive and non-cognitive skills to evaluate the importance of family background for skill formation. Based on a large representative German dataset including IQ test scores and measures of non-cognitive skills, a restricted maximum likelihood model indicates a strong relationship between family background and skill formation. Sibling correlations in non-cognitive ...

Bonn: IZA, 2016, 39 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 9918)
| Silke Anger, Daniel D. Schnitzlein
SOEPpapers 823 / 2016

Effectiveness of Social Capital in the Job Search Process

The empirical literature has provided ample yet contradictory evidence on the effectiveness of social ties in the job search process in terms of post-hire outcomes, such as wages or job satisfaction. Whereas early research, mainly focussing on the U.S. labour market, found positive correlations between finding a job via social ties and post-hire outcomes, most recent studies reported inconclusive or ...

2016| Ralf Werner Koßmann
Diskussionspapiere 1561 / 2016

Increased Instruction Hours and the Widening Gap in Student Performance

Do increased instruction hours improve the performance of all students? Using PISA scores of students in ninth grade, we analyse the effect of a German education reform that increased weekly instruction hours by two hours (6.5 percent) overalmost five years. In the additional time, students are taught new learning content. On average, the reform improves student performance. However, treatment effects ...

2016| Mathias Huebener, Susanne Kuger, Jan Marcus
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Productivity in German Manufacturing Firms: Does Fixed-Term Employment Matter?

This study empirically analyses how the use of fixed-term employment affects labour productivity of establishments. To this end, a large data set of German manufacturing establishments and various panel data models are used in order to test the expected non-linear relationship between labour productivity and the use of fixed-term employees. The analysis takes into account the possible distortions that ...

In: International Labour Review 155 (2016), 4, S. 535-562 | Sebastian Nielen, Alexander Schiersch
DIW Economic Bulletin 34/35 / 2016

Many Refugees Have Work Experience but a Smaller Share Possess Formal Vocational Qualifications

Academic and vocational qualifications play a crucial role when it comes to successfully integrating refugees and other migrants into society. What qualifications did migrants already acquire in their country of origin and which did they obtain in Germany? And to what extent are qualifications gained abroad recognized in Germany? The IAB-SOEP Migration Sample shows that the majority of the migrant ...

2016| Elisabeth Liebau, Zerrin Salikutluk
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Parental Health and Child Behavior: Evidence from Parental Health Shocks

This study examines the importance of parental health in the development of child behavior during early childhood. Our analysis is based on child psychometric measures from a longitudinal German dataset, which tracks mothers and their newborns up to age six. We identify major changes in parental health (shocks) and control for a variety of initial characteristics of the child including prenatal conditions. ...

In: Review of Economics of the Household 14 (2016), 3, S. 577-598 | Andrea M. Mühlenweg, Franz G. Westermaier, Brant Morefield
243 results, from 61