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246 results, from 71
Diskussionspapiere 1589 / 2016

Intended College Enrollment and Educational Inequality: Do Students Lack Information?

Despite increasing access to university education, students from disadvantaged or non-academic family backgrounds are still underrepresented at universities. In this regard, the economic literature mainly studies the effect of financial constraints on post-secondary educational decisions. Our knowledge on potential effects of other constraints regarding university education is more limited. We investigate ...

2016| Frauke H. Peter, Vaishali Zambre
DIW Roundup 95 / 2016

The Dilemma or Trilemma Debate: Empirical Evidence

One of the central results in international economics is that an economy cannot have at the same time independent monetary policy, free capital flows, and a fixed exchange rate. Over the last few years, however, this so-called Mundell-Flemming ‘trilemma’ has increasingly been challenged. It is argued that given the rising importance and synchronization of capital and credit flows across countries and ...

2016| Pablo Anaya, Michael Hachula
SOEPpapers 834 / 2016

Cognitive Skills, Non-Cognitive Skills, and Family Background: Evidence from Sibling Correlations

This paper estimates sibling correlations in cognitive and non-cognitive skills to evaluate the importance of family background for skill formation. Based on a large representative German dataset including IQ test scores and measures of non-cognitive skills, a restricted maximum likelihood model indicates a strong relationship between family background and skill formation. Sibling correlations in non-cognitive ...

2016| Silke Anger, Daniel D. Schnitzlein
Monographien

Depreciation of Organizational Capital: The Team Value

Organizational capital (OC) is important for economic performance. To determine the impact on the economic development, it is necessary to measure investment in OC just as well as depreciation of OC. Here we take closer look on the team value as part of the intangibles in the field of organisation capital.

Valencia: Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, 2016, 30 S.
(European Policy Brief SPINTAN ; 3)
| Bernd Görzig, Martin Gornig
SOEPpapers 881 / 2016

Between Life Cycle Model, Labor Market Integration and Discrimination: An Econometric Analysis of the Determinants of Return Migration

This paper studies the determinants of return migration by applying the Cox hazard model to longitudinal micro data from 1996 to 2012, including immigrants of a wide range of nationalities. The empirical results reveal the validity of the life cycle model of Migration Economics and a strong return probability decreasing effect of labor market integration and societal integration. Modeling non-proportional ...

2016| Eric Schuss
DIW Economic Bulletin 34/35 / 2016

Many Refugees Have Work Experience but a Smaller Share Possess Formal Vocational Qualifications

Academic and vocational qualifications play a crucial role when it comes to successfully integrating refugees and other migrants into society. What qualifications did migrants already acquire in their country of origin and which did they obtain in Germany? And to what extent are qualifications gained abroad recognized in Germany? The IAB-SOEP Migration Sample shows that the majority of the migrant ...

2016| Elisabeth Liebau, Zerrin Salikutluk
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Parental Health and Child Behavior: Evidence from Parental Health Shocks

This study examines the importance of parental health in the development of child behavior during early childhood. Our analysis is based on child psychometric measures from a longitudinal German dataset, which tracks mothers and their newborns up to age six. We identify major changes in parental health (shocks) and control for a variety of initial characteristics of the child including prenatal conditions. ...

In: Review of Economics of the Household 14 (2016), 3, S. 577-598 | Andrea M. Mühlenweg, Franz G. Westermaier, Brant Morefield
Diskussionspapiere 1586 / 2016

Locus of Control and Mothers' Return to Employment

This paper investigates the effect of locus of control (LOC) on the length of mothers’ employment break after childbirth. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), duration data reveals that women with an internal LOC return to employment more quickly than women with an external LOC. We find evidence that this effect is mainly related to differential appreciation of the career costs ...

2016| Eva M. Berger, Luke Haywood
SOEPpapers 823 / 2016

Effectiveness of Social Capital in the Job Search Process

The empirical literature has provided ample yet contradictory evidence on the effectiveness of social ties in the job search process in terms of post-hire outcomes, such as wages or job satisfaction. Whereas early research, mainly focussing on the U.S. labour market, found positive correlations between finding a job via social ties and post-hire outcomes, most recent studies reported inconclusive or ...

2016| Ralf Werner Koßmann
Diskussionspapiere 1561 / 2016

Increased Instruction Hours and the Widening Gap in Student Performance

Do increased instruction hours improve the performance of all students? Using PISA scores of students in ninth grade, we analyse the effect of a German education reform that increased weekly instruction hours by two hours (6.5 percent) overalmost five years. In the additional time, students are taught new learning content. On average, the reform improves student performance. However, treatment effects ...

2016| Mathias Huebener, Susanne Kuger, Jan Marcus
246 results, from 71
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