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Topic Inequality

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  • Diskussionspapiere 340 / 2003

    Target Shortfall Orderings and Indices

    Given any income distribution, to each income we associate a subgroup containing all persons whose incomes are not higher than this income and a person's target shortfall in a subgroup is the gap between the subgroup highest income and his own income. We then develop an absolute target shortfall ordering, which, under constancy of population size and total income, implies the Lorenz and Cowell-Ebert ...

    2003| Satya R. Chakravarty, Conchita D'Ambrosio, Pietro Muliere
  • Diskussionspapiere 350 / 2003

    Who Are the Chronic Poor? Evidence on the Extent and the Composition of Chronic Poverty in Germany

    Based on a multiple spells approach, this paper studies the extent and the composition of chronic poverty in Germany. The results indicate that about one third of cross-sectional poverty in a given year is chronic. The characteristics that are most closely associated with long-term poverty are economic inactivity and pensioner status, while the number of children and the gender of the household head ...

    2003| Martin Biewen
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    To What Extent Do Fiscal Regimes Equalize Opportunities for Income Acquisition among Citizens?

    This paper employs the theory of equality of opportunity, described in Roemer's book (Equality of Opportunity, Harvard University Press, 1998), to compute the extent to which tax-and-transfer regimes in 11 countries equalize opportunities among citizens for income acquisition. Roughly speaking, equality of opportunity for incomes has been achieved in a country when it is the case that the distributions ...

    In: Journal of Public Economics 87 (2003), 3/4, S. 539-565 | John E. Roemer, Rolf Aaberge, Ugo Colombino, John Fritzell, Stephen P. Jenkins, Arnaud Lefranc, Ive Marx, Marianne Page, Evert Pommer, Javier Ruiz-Castillo, Maria J. San Segundo, Torben Tranaes, Alain Trannoy, Gert G. Wagner, Ignacio Zubiri
  • Diskussionspapiere 352 / 2003

    Smoothed Income Poverty in European Countries

    The purpose of this paper is to obtain by combining two longitudinal perspectives a more detailed national picture of poverty in the Member States of the European Union, using the _rst four waves (1994 - 1997) of the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). In addition to this detailed consideration of the time dimension, poverty incidence, poverty gap and poverty intensity are measured. Overall, ...

    2003| Birgit Kuchler, Jan Goebel
  • Weitere externe Aufsätze

    Is Child Like Parent? Educational Attainment and Ethnic Origin

    In: Klaus F. Zimmermann, Thomas Bauer (Eds.) , The Economics of Migration: Vol. 3. Quality and Behavior of Migrants
    Cheltenham [u.a.] Elgar
    S. 469-488
    | Ira N. Gang, Klaus F. Zimmermann
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Analysing the Dynamics of Social Change in Europe

    In: Schmollers Jahrbuch 122 (2002), 1, S. 1-4 | Richard Berthoud, Katharina C. Spieß
  • Externe Monographien

    Incidence and Intensity of Permanent Income Poverty in European Countries

    Colchester [u.a.]: EPAG, 2002, 32 S.
    (EPAG Working Papers ; 28)
    | Birgit Otto, Jan Goebel
  • Externe Monographien

    Imputed Rent and Income Inequality: A Decomposition Analysis for the UK, West Germany and the USA

    Colchester [u.a.]: EPAG, 2002, 35 S.
    (EPAG Working Papers ; 29)
    | Joachim R. Frick, Markus M. Grabka
  • Diskussionspapiere 311 / 2002

    Accounting for Poverty Differences between the United States, Great Britain, and Germany

    We propose a framework for comparing the relationship between poverty and personal characteristics across countries (or across years), and use it to compare levels and patterns of relative poverty in the USA, Great Britain and Germany during the 1990s. The higher aggregate poverty rates in the USA and in Britain relative to Germany were mostly accounted for by higher poverty rates conditional on characteristics, ...

    2002| Martin Biewen, Stephen P. Jenkins
  • Diskussionspapiere 281 / 2002

    To Aid, Insurance, Transfer, or Control: What Drives the Welfare State?

    The paper uses panel data on OECD countries to assess four theories about the forces that generate social spending. The four theories are: Aid: the Welfare State is about helping the poor. Insure: the Welfare State insures the consumption of middle-class voters. Transfer: the Welfare State transfers money to politically-powerful entitled groups. Control: the Welfare State is about controlling the behavior ...

    2002| Edward Castronova