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Topic Inequality

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  • Externe Monographien

    Incidence and Intensity of Permanent Income Poverty in European Countries

    Colchester [u.a.]: EPAG, 2002, 32 S.
    (EPAG Working Papers ; 28)
    | Birgit Otto, Jan Goebel
  • Diskussionspapiere 311 / 2002

    Accounting for Poverty Differences between the United States, Great Britain, and Germany

    We propose a framework for comparing the relationship between poverty and personal characteristics across countries (or across years), and use it to compare levels and patterns of relative poverty in the USA, Great Britain and Germany during the 1990s. The higher aggregate poverty rates in the USA and in Britain relative to Germany were mostly accounted for by higher poverty rates conditional on characteristics, ...

    2002| Martin Biewen, Stephen P. Jenkins
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Analysing the Dynamics of Social Change in Europe

    In: Schmollers Jahrbuch 122 (2002), 1, S. 1-4 | Richard Berthoud, Katharina C. Spieß
  • Diskussionspapiere 288 / 2002

    Modelling Low Income Transitions

    We examine the determinants of low income transitions using first-order Markov models that control for initial conditions effects (those found to be poor in the base year may be a nonrandom sample) and for attrition (panel retention may also be non-random). Our econometric model is a form of endogeneous switching regression, and is fitted using simulated maximum likelihood methods. The estimates, derived ...

    2002| Lorenzo Cappellari, Stephen P. Jenkins
  • Diskussionspapiere 292 / 2002

    The Covariance Structure of East and West German Incomes and its Implications for the Persistence of Poverty and Inequality

    Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), this paper analyzes the dynamics of equivalent income in Germany in the eighties and nineties. Special emphasis is given to the separation of permanent and transitory components, the persistence of transitory shocks and their implications for the persistence of poverty and income inequality. The results suggest that 52 to 69 percent of income ...

    2002| Martin Biewen
  • Diskussionspapiere 283 / 2002

    Gaining Access to Housing in Germany: The Foreign Minority Experience

    Housing is a critical component of household well being and the extent to which minority households have achieved parity with Germans is a measure of the extent to which this population is integrated into the larger German society. Specifically we examine whether the housing conditions for immigrants2 has improved between 1985 and 1998 despite the greater barriers to upward mobility for low skill workers ...

    2002| Anita I. Drever, William A. V. Clark
  • Diskussionspapiere 281 / 2002

    To Aid, Insurance, Transfer, or Control: What Drives the Welfare State?

    The paper uses panel data on OECD countries to assess four theories about the forces that generate social spending. The four theories are: Aid: the Welfare State is about helping the poor. Insure: the Welfare State insures the consumption of middle-class voters. Transfer: the Welfare State transfers money to politically-powerful entitled groups. Control: the Welfare State is about controlling the behavior ...

    2002| Edward Castronova
  • Externe Monographien

    Economic and Social Perspectives of Immigrant Children in Germany

    Overall, children in Germany live in households with below average incomes; therefore social policies that address the vulnerable position of Germany's children are necessary. These policies should cover targeted financial transfers as well as improvements in day care provision for children. With respect to selected non-monetary as well as monetary indicators our empirical analyses show significant ...

    Bonn: IZA, 2001, 28 S.
    (Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 301)
    | Joachim R. Frick, Gert G. Wagner
  • Diskussionspapiere 235 / 2001

    Child Poverty Dynamics in Seven Nations

    Der vorliegende Beitrag vergleicht die Armutsdynamik bei Kindern mithilfe von Paneldaten aus sieben Ländern: USA, Großbritannien, Deutschland, Irland, Spanien, Ungarn und Russland. Neben der Verwendung von Standard- Definitionen zur Erfassung relativer Armut, werden die Übergänge in und aus dem untersten Einkommensquintil bei Kindern untersucht. In den sieben untersuchten Ländern zeigt sich eine signifikante ...

    2001| Bruce Bradbury, Stephen P. Jenkins, John Micklewright
  • Diskussionspapiere 233 / 2001

    The Dynamics of Child Poverty: Britain and Germany Compared

    We compare patterns of movements into and out of poverty by children in Britain and Germany using data from the British Household Panel Survey and the German Socio- Economic Panel for the period 1992-7. Compared to Germany, in Britain poverty persistence is greater, and poverty exit rates in particular are lower. In both countries poverty is particularly persistent among children in lone parent households ...

    2001| Stephen P. Jenkins, Christian Schluter, Gert G. Wagner
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