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Topic Inequality

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  • Externe Monographien

    Imputed Rent and Income Inequality: A Decomposition Analysis for the UK, West Germany and the USA

    Colchester [u.a.]: EPAG, 2002, 35 S.
    (EPAG Working Papers ; 29)
    | Joachim R. Frick, Markus M. Grabka
  • Diskussionspapiere 311 / 2002

    Accounting for Poverty Differences between the United States, Great Britain, and Germany

    We propose a framework for comparing the relationship between poverty and personal characteristics across countries (or across years), and use it to compare levels and patterns of relative poverty in the USA, Great Britain and Germany during the 1990s. The higher aggregate poverty rates in the USA and in Britain relative to Germany were mostly accounted for by higher poverty rates conditional on characteristics, ...

    2002| Martin Biewen, Stephen P. Jenkins
  • Externe Monographien

    Economic and Social Perspectives of Immigrant Children in Germany

    Overall, children in Germany live in households with below average incomes; therefore social policies that address the vulnerable position of Germany's children are necessary. These policies should cover targeted financial transfers as well as improvements in day care provision for children. With respect to selected non-monetary as well as monetary indicators our empirical analyses show significant ...

    Bonn: IZA, 2001, 28 S.
    (Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 301)
    | Joachim R. Frick, Gert G. Wagner
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 4 / 2001

    Japanese Welfare State Reforms in the 1990s and Beyond: How Japan is Similar to and Different from Germany

    Beginning with a review of Japanese welfare state reform in 1990s, we discuss similarities and differences between Japan and Germany in the implementation of three major reforms: public pension reform, health care reform and introduction of long-term care insurance. The latest public pension reform in both countries has the same aim: to establish middle- and long-term stability of the system against ...

    2001| Tetsuo Fukawa
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    Cross-National Estimates of the Intergenerational Mobility in Earnings

    This paper examines the similarity in the association between earnings of sons and fathers in Germany and the United States. It relaxes the log-linear functional form imposed in most studies of the intergenerational earnings association. Theory implies the relationship between earnings of fathers and sons could be nonlinear, especially at the tails of the distribution of earnings of fathers. When a ...

    2001| Dean R. Lillard
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    Income Mobility in the United States and Germany: A Comparison of Two Classes of Mobility Measures using the GSOEP, PSID, and CPS

    The United States is often considered to be more free-wheeling and mobile than Germany; however, previous cross-national studies of income mobility find the oppositeis true. This paper investigates these surprising results and finds that they are confirmed when income mobility is measured by changes in the positions of individuals inthe income distribution - members of former West German households ...

    2001| Andrew J. Houtenville
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    Toward a Longitudinal, Multi-Dimensional Class Model

    A longitudinal analytical framework, one that sees class as a process over time and not a fixed attribute, is proposed as a means to redirect class analysis and revive a theoretical debate that has gone stale. Class analysis implies an inherently dynamic perspective. However, quantitative studies of class that go beyond static analyses of cross-sections are rare. Three dimensions of class may be identified ...

    2001| James C. Witte
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    Success at Work, Life Patterns, and Overall Life Satisfaction: Changes in the Lives of Men and Women since the 1980s in West Germany

    This paper focuses on the structural relationship between family building and upward mobility. Typically this relationship is analyzed for women only, while we include men as well. With new patterns of intimate partnerships and non-traditional families, on the one hand, and a changing labor market, on the other hand, new assertions about their connection have emerged. Using SOEP-data, the possible ...

    2001| Angelika Tölke
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    (Not) Sharing the Fruits of Growth: The Impact of Governments and Markets on Living Standards in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United States

    This paper reviews changing income distributions in the United States, Germany, and the Netherlands, treating the three countries as leading economic performers in ' the three worlds of welfare capitalism.' Previous analyses have shown that earnings dispersion is increasing. The potential impact of government through the tax and transfer system has been largely ignored. It is shown that in the United ...

    2001| Bruce Headey, Stephen Headey, Ruud Muffels
  • Diskussionspapiere 253 / 2001

    Income Redistribution and the Political Economy of Social Health Insurance: Comparing Germany and Switzerland

    In many countries, collectively financed health insurance systems or health services delivery systems (such as the NHS) exist. Typically, these institutions are financed via general taxes or specific contributions levied on earnings. As benefits are not dependent upon income, this implies a redistribution from high to low earners. An exception can be found in Switzerland, where equal per-capita contributions ...

    2001| Friedrich Breyer
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