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Topic Inequality

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  • Diskussionspapiere 256 / 2001

    Decomposing Permanent and Transitory Poverty

    In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird eine neue Berechnungsweise des Anteils permanenter Armut an der gesamten vorhandenen Armut vorgestellt. Es wird gezeigt, dass der weithin genutzte Shorrocks-Index zur Zerlegung von permanenter und transitorischer Ungleichheit auch zur Beschreibung von Armut genutzt werden kann. Damit können Unzulänglichkeiten in der von Rodgers & Rodgers (1993) gewählten Berechnung behoben ...

    2001| Jan Goebel
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    Cross-National Estimates of the Intergenerational Mobility in Earnings

    This paper examines the similarity in the association between earnings of sons and fathers in Germany and the United States. It relaxes the log-linear functional form imposed in most studies of the intergenerational earnings association. Theory implies the relationship between earnings of fathers and sons could be nonlinear, especially at the tails of the distribution of earnings of fathers. When a ...

    2001| Dean R. Lillard
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    Income Mobility in the United States and Germany: A Comparison of Two Classes of Mobility Measures using the GSOEP, PSID, and CPS

    The United States is often considered to be more free-wheeling and mobile than Germany; however, previous cross-national studies of income mobility find the oppositeis true. This paper investigates these surprising results and finds that they are confirmed when income mobility is measured by changes in the positions of individuals inthe income distribution - members of former West German households ...

    2001| Andrew J. Houtenville
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    Toward a Longitudinal, Multi-Dimensional Class Model

    A longitudinal analytical framework, one that sees class as a process over time and not a fixed attribute, is proposed as a means to redirect class analysis and revive a theoretical debate that has gone stale. Class analysis implies an inherently dynamic perspective. However, quantitative studies of class that go beyond static analyses of cross-sections are rare. Three dimensions of class may be identified ...

    2001| James C. Witte
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    Success at Work, Life Patterns, and Overall Life Satisfaction: Changes in the Lives of Men and Women since the 1980s in West Germany

    This paper focuses on the structural relationship between family building and upward mobility. Typically this relationship is analyzed for women only, while we include men as well. With new patterns of intimate partnerships and non-traditional families, on the one hand, and a changing labor market, on the other hand, new assertions about their connection have emerged. Using SOEP-data, the possible ...

    2001| Angelika Tölke
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    (Not) Sharing the Fruits of Growth: The Impact of Governments and Markets on Living Standards in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United States

    This paper reviews changing income distributions in the United States, Germany, and the Netherlands, treating the three countries as leading economic performers in ' the three worlds of welfare capitalism.' Previous analyses have shown that earnings dispersion is increasing. The potential impact of government through the tax and transfer system has been largely ignored. It is shown that in the United ...

    2001| Bruce Headey, Stephen Headey, Ruud Muffels
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    Economic Status of Older German Immigrants

    The income of married couples in which the husband is an immigrant aged 50 and older is compared to that of native- born Germans for the period 1995 to 1997. Immigrants are divided into households that arrived in Germany before and after 1984. Using Samples A, B, and D of the GSOEP, the income of immigrants is shown to be significantly lower than that of the native-born German population for households ...

    2001| Robert L. Clark, Ann York
  • Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

    Educational Opportunities of Children in Poverty

    In this paper, I use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) to investigate whether and how a German youth' s choice of secondary school (Hauptschule, Realschule, Gymnasium) varies with the timing and duration of poverty experienced in childhood. To investigate what role the timing of poverty plays, I examine the correlation between educational choices and the poverty status of each child' ...

    2001| Anke Schöb
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Immigrants, Natives and Social Assistance: Comparable Take-Up under Comparable Circumstances

    Are immigrants on welfare because they are more likely to be eligible or because they are more likely to claim benefits for which they are eligible? The answer is politically important, but because most current research on immigration and welfare is based on data from the United States, the answer is difficult due to the complexities of the transfer system which make eligibility determinations difficult. ...

    In: International Migration Review 35 (2001), 135, S. 726-748 | Edward Castronova, Hilke Kayser, Joachim R. Frick, Gert G. Wagner
  • Weitere externe Aufsätze

    Living Conditions of Immigrant Children in Germany

    In: Koen Vleminckx, Timothy M. Smeeding (Eds.) , Child Well-Being, Child Poverty and Child Policy in Modern Nations
    Bristol : Policy Press
    S. 275-298
    | Joachim R. Frick, Gert G. Wagner