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Topic Inequality

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1058 results, from 21
DIW Roundup 139 / 2022

Rent Control Effects through the Lens of Empirical Research

Rent control is a highly debated social policy that has been omnipresent since World War I. Since 2010s, it has been experiencing a true renaissance, for many cities and countries facing housing shortage are desperately looking for solutions of the chronic housing shortage and direct their attention to controlling housing rents and to other restrictive policies. Is rent control useful or does it create ...

2022| Konstantin A. Kholodilin
Diskussionspapiere 2002 / 2022

Pandemic Depression: COVID-19 and the Mental Health of the Self-Employed

We investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on self-employed people’s mental health. Using representative longitudinal survey data from Germany, we reveal differential effects by gender: whereas self-employed women experienced a substantial deterioration in their mental health, self-employed men displayed no significant changes up to early 2021. Financial losses are important in explaining these ...

2022| Marco Caliendo, Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer
DIW Weekly Report 12 / 2022

Rent Control Reduces Economic Inequality at a Price

Over the course of the 20th century, governments have frequently used rent control to keep rents affordable, especially in times of crisis when housing is scarce. Existing research shows that rent control has undesirable side effects, such as overall societal welfare losses, market misallocation, a declining housing supply, and lower mobility. However, there has been little research examining the effect ...

2022| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Sexual and Gender Minority (SGM) Research Meets Household Panel Surveys: Research Potentials of the German Socio-Economic Panel and Its Boost Sample of SGM Households

There are numerous challenges to studying structural inequality in sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations, from the difficulty of obtaining a representative sample to issues comparing data across populations. This data brief illustrates how the largest household panel survey in Germany, the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), and its recent nationwide boost sample of SGM households, Sample Q, ...

In: European Sociological Review 38 (2022), 2, S. 321-335 | Mirjam M. Fischer, Martin Kroh, Lisa De Vries, David Kasprowski, Simon Kühne, David Richter, Zaza Zindel
DIW Weekly Report 9/10 / 2022

Justice Profiles in Europe: Major Differences in Evaluation of Inequality

European societies have been experiencing growing income and wealth inequalities over the past few decades, and, accordingly, they are a topic of intense discussion. Although the population’s evaluation of inequalities as just or unjust is important for designing social policies, there has been little research on this evaluation. To close this gap, we use justice evaluations of income and wealth in ...

2022| Cristóbal Moya, Jule Adriaans
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Inequality over the Business Cycle: The Role of Distributive Shocks

This paper examines how wealth and income inequality dynamics are related to fluctuations in the functional income distribution over the business cycle. In a panel estimation for OECD countries between 1970 and 2016, although inequality is, on average countercyclical and significantly associated with the capital share, one-third of the countries display a pro- or noncyclical relationship. To analyze ...

In: Macroeconomic Dynamics (2022), im Ersch. [online first:2021-11-18] | Marius Clemens, Ulrich Eydam, Maik Heinemann
Diskussionspapiere 1997 / 2022

Stimulating Housing Policy and Housing Tenure Choice: Evidence from the G7 Countries

Housing affordability is a hotly debated issue on global scale. A lack of affordable housing of decent quality is a chronic problem in urban areas. Governments try to alleviate it by stimulating homeownership among middle-income households and providing social housing for the low-income households. Such policies are very costly. Thus, this study aims to assess at least tentatively the effectiveness ...

2022| Eugeniya Malinskaya, Konstantin A. Kholodilin
DIW Weekly Report 5/6 / 2022

Women Increasingly Identifying as Part of a Discriminated Group

Policymakers have been attempting to combat discrimination at all levels for a long time. However, the measures they take can only be successful if there is general awareness of the discrimination experienced by certain groups or people: Discrimination can only be addressed when people also recognize and acknowledge it is happening. Therefore, it is important to measure the extent to which the population ...

2022| Sandra Bohmann, Matteo Targa
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Alternative Recipes for Life Satisfaction: Evidence from Five World Regions

In most cross-national research on Life Satisfaction (LS) an implicit assumption appears to be that the correlates of LS are the same the world over; ‘one size fits all’. Using data from the World Values Survey (1999–2014), we question this assumption by assessing the effects of differing personal values/life priorities on LS in five world regions: the West, Latin America, the Asian-Confucian region, ...

In: Applied Research in Quality of Life (2022), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-03-25] | Bruce Headey, Gisela Trommsdorff, Gert G. Wagner
Diskussionspapiere 2001 / 2022

The Gender Gap in Lifetime Earnings: The Role of Parenthood

To obtain a more complete understanding of the persisting gender earnings gap in Germany, this paper investigates both the cross-sectional and biographical dimension of gender inequalities. Using an Oaxaca Blinder decomposition, we show that the gender gap in annual earnings is largely driven by women’s lower work experience and intensive margin of labor supply. Based on a dynamic microsimulation model, ...

2022| Rick Glaubitz, Astrid Harnack-Eber, Miriam Wetter
1058 results, from 21
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