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Topic Inequality

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1065 results, from 51

Cracking under Pressure? Gender Role Attitudes toward Maternal Employment in Times of a Pandemic

This paper studies the effects of Covid-19 related daycare and school closures on gender role attitudes toward maternal employment in Germany. We compare women and men with dependent children to those without children one year after the outbreak of the pandemic. Using data on gender role attitudes from 2008 through 2021, we find that fathers' egalitarian attitudes toward maternal employment dropped ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 64 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14471)
| Natalia Danzer, Mathias Huebener, Astrid Pape, C. Katharina Spieß, Nico A. Siegel, Gert G. Wagner

Expert Workshops Period 3

Leuven: InGRID, 2021, 46 S.
(Proceedings : Deliverable 5.3)
| Jürgen Schupp

A Firm-Side Perspective on Parental Leave

Motherhood and parental leave interrupt employment relationships, likely imposing costs on firms. We document that mothers who are difficult to replace internally take shorter leave and that their firms hire replacements more often. Introducing more generous parental leave benefits erases the link between mothers' internal replaceability and their leave duration. In firms with few internal substitutes ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 51 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14478)
| Mathias Huebener, Jonas Jessen, Daniel Kühnle, Michael Oberfichtner
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Informing Students about College: Increasing Enrollment Using a Behavioral Intervention?

This study sheds light on whether the provision of information on costs, financing options, and returns of college education results in higher application and college enrollment rates. Based on a behavioral intervention with more than 1,000 high school students in Germany, we provide evidence that the provision of such information increases college application and enrollment rates, in particular for ...

In: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 190 (2021), S. 524-549 | Frauke Peter, C.Katharina Spiess, Vaishali Zambre
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Impact of Economic Uncertainty, Precarious Employment, and Risk Attitudes on the Transition to Parenthood

This study investigates how precarious employment throughout the life course affects the fertility behavior of men and women in Germany, and how risk attitudes moderate exposure to objectively given uncertainty. Analyzing data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study from 1990 to 2015, I find that men and women have become quite similar in their fertility behavior: Stable employment accelerates ...

In: Advances in Life Course Research 47 (2021), 100402, 14 S. | Christian Schmitt
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Time Spent on School-Related Activities at Home During the Pandemic: A Longitudinal Analysis of Social Group Inequality among Secondary School Students

Substantial educational inequalities have been documented in Germany for decades. In this article, we examine whether educational inequalities among children have increased or remained the same since the school closures of spring 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our perspective is longitudinal: We compare the amount of time children in secondary schools spent on school-related activities at home ...

In: Frontiers in Psychology 12 (2021), 705107, 10 S. | Sabine Zinn, Michael Bayer
Diskussionspapiere 1962 / 2021

Risky Asset Holdings during Covid-19 and Their Distributional Impact: Evidence from Germany

We present evidence from a repeated survey on risky asset holdings carried out on a representative sample of the German population six times between April and June 2020. Given the size of the Covid-19 shock, we find little evidence of portfolio rebalancing in April 2020. In May, however, individual investors started buying heavily, fueling market recovery. The cross-section shows large differences ...

2021| Lukas Menkhoff, Carsten Schröder
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Extending the Kitagawa–Oaxaca–Blinder Decomposition Approach to Panel Data

The Kitagawa–Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition approach has been widely used to attribute group-level differences in an outcome to differences in endowment, coefficients, and their interactions. The method has been implemented for Stata in the popular oaxaca command for cross-sectional analyses. In recent decades, however, research questions have been more often focused on the decomposition of group-based ...

In: The Stata Journal 21 (2021), 2, S. 360-410 | Hannes Kröger, Jörg Hartmann
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Gendered Employment Trajectories and Individual Wealth at Older Ages in Eastern and Western Germany

This study examines the association between employment trajectories and retired men’s and women’s individual wealth at older ages in the two distinct welfare state contexts of Eastern and Western Germany. Because of the increasing re-marketization of retirement provisions, wealth is becoming increasingly important for retirees’ economic well-being. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study ...

In: Advances in Life Course Research (2021), 100374, 11 S. | Theresa Nutz, Philipp A. Lersch
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Coronavirus and Care: How the Coronavirus Crisis Affected Fathers’ Involvement in Germany

Background: Some have hypothesized that the coronavirus crisis may result in a retraditionalization of behaviour. This paper examines this hypothesis by analyzing how the time fathers and mothers spent with their children changed during the first lockdown in the case of Germany.Methods: Data for this investigation come from the German Socio-Economic Panel. The outcome variable is the time spent on ...

In: Demographic Research 44 (2021), Art. 4, S. 99-124 | Michaela Kreyenfeld, Sabine Zinn
1065 results, from 51