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Topic Inequality

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168 results, from 41
  • DIW Weekly Report 44/45 / 2021

    Need for Long-Term Care Depends on Social Standing

    The poor have a significantly shorter life expectancy than the wealthy. Using data from the Socio-Economic Panel, this Weekly Report shows that poorer people become in need of care earlier in life and more often. In addition, blue-collar workers have a higher risk of requiring care than civil servants, as do people with high job strain compared to those with low job strain. The risk of dependence on ...

    2021| Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan, Hannes Kröger, Maximilian Schaller
  • DIW Weekly Report 40 / 2021

    20 Years of the Riester Pension - Personal Retirement Provision Requires Reform

    Introduced 20 years ago as a part of the 2001 pension reform, the Riester pension is meant to function as an essential component of the German pension system with the aim of compensating for decreasing public pensions. However, data collected by the SOEP show that this objective has not yet been achieved. For ten years, use of the Riester pension plan has been stagnating at around 25 percent of the ...

    2021| Johannes Geyer, Markus M. Grabka, Peter Haan
  • DIW Weekly Report 49-52 / 2021

    Universal Capital Endowment and Wealth Taxes Could Reduce Wealth Inequality

    Wealth is very unequally distributed in Germany. To effect a long-term reduction, the new Federal Government could focus on more effectively promoting home ownership, supplementary retirement provision, and other precautionary savings. However, a universal capital endowment could decrease wealth inequality much more rapidly and successfully. In this report, a universal capital endowment of up to 20,000 ...

    2021| Stefan Bach
  • Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

    Long-Term Effects of Equal Sharing: Evidence from Inheritance Rules for Land

    What are the long-term economic effects of a more equal distribution of wealth? We exploit variation in historical inheritance rules for land traversing political, linguistic, geological, and religious borders in Germany. In some German areas, inherited land was to be shared or divided equally among children, while in others land was ruled to be indivisible. Using a geographic regression...

    02.12.2020| Charlotte Bartels
  • Research Project

    Effects of the legal minimum wage on poverty

    The project analyses the effects of the statutory minimum wage on poverty in Germany. We use the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to examine the development of income poverty. Using a microsimulation model, the project studies the effect of minimum wages on social benefits.

    Completed Project| Public Economics, German Socio-Economic Panel study
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    The Rising Longevity Gap by Lifetime Earnings: Distributional Implications for the Pension System

    This study uses German social security records to provide novel evidence on cohort trends of the heterogeneity in life expectancy by lifetime earnings and, additionally, documents the distributional implications of this earnings-related heterogeneity. We find a strong association between lifetime earnings and life expectancy at age 65 and show that the longevity gap is increasing across cohorts. For ...

    In: The Journal of the Economics of Ageing 17 (2020), 100199, 24 S. | Peter Haan, Daniel Kemptner, Holger Lüthen
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Does Subsidized Care for Toddlers Increase Maternal Labor Supply?

    Expanding public or publicly subsidized childcare has been a top social policy priority in many industrialized countries. It is supposed to increase fertility, promote children’s development and enhance mothers’ labor market attachment. In this paper, we analyze the causal effect of one of the largest expansions of subsidized childcare for children up to three years among industrialized countries on ...

    In: Labour Economics 62 (2020), 1017763, 18 S. | Kai-Uwe Müller, Katharina Wrohlich
  • DIW Weekly Report 13 / 2020

    STEM Careers: Workshops Using Role Model Can Reduce Gender Stereotypes

    Women continue to be underrepresented in STEM occupations (science, technology, engineering, and math). Based on a survey among secondary school students in Vienna, we show, for instance, that girls’ career aspirations, interests, and self-assessed skills in STEM fields are related to gender stereo- types. Parents also play a crucial role in this context. Further results indicate that a half-day career ...

    2020| Katharina Drescher, Simone Häckl, Julia Schmieder
  • DIW Weekly Report 10 / 2020

    The Gender Pay Gap Begins to Increase Sharply at Age of 30

    The gender pay gap increases with age: While the average gross hourly wage gap between male and female 30-year-olds is nine percent, the gap triples to 28 percent by the age of 50. This stark increase is due to differences in employment behavior in the decades between the ages of 30 and 50. Beginning at age 30, women often switch to part-time work to be able to provide childcare, whereas men tend to ...

    2020| Annekatrin Schrenker, Aline Zucco
  • SOEPpapers 1070 / 2020

    Selection into Employment and the Gender Wage Gap across the Distribution and over Time

    Using quantile regression methods, this paper analyses the gender wage gap across the wage distribution and over time (1990-2014), while controlling for changing sample selection into full-time employment. Our findings show that the selection-corrected gender wage gap is much larger than the one observed in the data, which is mainly due to large positive selection of women into full-time employment. ...

    2020| Patricia Gallego Granados, Katharina Wrohlich
168 results, from 41
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