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Topic Inequality

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1094 results, from 1
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Inequality over the Business Cycle: The Role of Distributive Shocks

    This paper examines how wealth and income inequality dynamics are related to fluctuations in the functional income distribution over the business cycle. In a panel estimation for OECD countries between 1970 and 2016, although inequality is, on average countercyclical and significantly associated with the capital share, one-third of the countries display a pro- or noncyclical relationship. To analyze ...

    In: Macroeconomic Dynamics (2023), im Ersch. [online first:2021-11-18] | Marius Clemens, Ulrich Eydam, Maik Heinemann
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    The Long Reach of Class Origin on Financial Investments and Net Worth

    In this study, we argue that parents' class position may influence the type and timing of their offspring's investments in financial assets. These investments may facilitate net worth accumulation beyond direct transfers, contributing to the intergenerational reproduction of social positions. We test these expectations using retrospective life history and prospective panel data for 14 countries from ...

    In: Acta Sociologica im Ersch. (2023), [online first: 2022-11-11] | Philipp M. Lersch, Olaf Groh-Samberg
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    The Short- and Medium-term Distributional Effects of the German Minimum Wage Reform

    This study quantifies the distributional effects of the minimum wage introduced in Germany in 2015. Using detailed Socio-Economic Panel survey data, we assess changes in the hourly wages, working hours, and monthly wages of employees who were entitled to be paid the minimum wage. We employ a difference-in-differences analysis, exploiting regional variation in the “bite” of the minimum wage. At the ...

    In: Empirical Economics (2023), im Ersch. [online first: 2022-09-05] | Marco Caliendo, Alexandra Fedorets, Malte Preuss, Carsten Schröder, Linda Wittbrodt
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    The Gender Division of Unpaid Care Work throughout the COVID-19 Pandemic in Germany

    The COVID-19 pandemic and related closures of day care centres and schools significantly increased the amount of care work done by parents. There has been much speculation over whether the pandemic increased or decreased gender equality in parental care work. Based on representative data for Germany from spring 2020 and winter 2021 we present an empirical analysis that shows that although gender inequality ...

    In: German Economic Review im Ersch. (2023), [Online first: 2022-07-28] | Jonas Jessen, C. Katharina Spiess, Sevrin Waights, Katharina Wrohlich
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Pandemic Depression: COVID-19 and the Mental Health of the Self-Employed

    We investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on self-employed people’s mental health. Using representative longitudinal survey data from Germany, we reveal differential effects by gender: whereas self-employed women experienced a substantial deterioration in their mental health, self-employed men displayed no significant changes up to early 2021. Financial losses are important in explaining these ...

    In: Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice (2023), im Ersch. [online first: 2022-06-08] | Marco Caliendo, Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Income Growth in the United Kingdom during Late Career and after Retirement: Growing Inequalities after Deindustrialisation, Educational Expansion and Development of the Knowledge-based Economy

    This article shows how late-life incomes from work and pensions evolved in the United Kingdom between 1991 and 2007, the year the Great Recession began. Our main contribution comes from focusing on changes across cohorts in different educational groups while also considering the gender divide. Our statistical analyses based on the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) suggest that deindustrialisation, ...

    In: Ageing and Society 43 (2023), S. 393–420 | Alberto Veira-Ramos, Paul Schmelzer
  • Diskussionspapiere 2031 / 2023

    Causal Misperceptions of the Part-Time Pay Gap

    This paper studies if workers infer from correlation about causal effects in the context of the part-time wage penalty. Differences in hourly pay between full-time and part-time workers are strongly driven by worker selection and systematic sorting. Ignoring these selection effects can lead to biased expectations about the consequences of working part-time on wages (’selection neglect bias’). Based ...

    2023| Annekatrin Schrenker
  • Diskussionspapiere 2030 / 2023

    Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Performance of Start-Ups

    Self-efficacy reflects the self-belief that one can persistently perform difficult and novel tasks while coping with adversity. As such beliefs reflect how individuals behave, think, and act, they are key for successful entrepreneurial activities. While existing literature mainly analyzes the influence of the task-related construct of entrepreneurial self-efficacy, we take a different perspective and ...

    2023| Marco Caliendo, Alexander S. Kritikos, Daniel Rodriguez, Claudia Stier
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Can a Federal Minimum Wage Alleviate Poverty and Income Inequality? Ex-post and Simulation Evidence from Germany

    Minimum wages are increasingly discussed as an instrument against (in-work) poverty and income inequality in Europe. Just recently the German government opted for a substantial ad-hoc increase of the minimum-wage level to euro12 per hour mentioning poverty prevention as an explicit goal. We use the introduction of the federal minimum wage in Germany in 2015 to study its redistributive impact on disposable ...

    In: Journal of European Social Policy im Ersch. (2023), [Online first: 2022-12-20] | Teresa Backhaus, Kai-Uwe Müller
  • SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

    Wage Dispersion and Life-Cycle Unemployment

    Higher wage dispersion may induce unemployed workers to search longer for a job by increasing their reservation wages. This paper investigates the implications of this mechanism in a job search model featuring a finite work life, showing that a mean-preserving spread of the wage offer distribution could lead to a larger increase in reservation wages of younger than older workers because the...

    30.11.2022| Sunoong Hwang (presenter) and Juwon Kwak, Pukyong National University
1094 results, from 1
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