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Topic Inequality

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57 results, from 31

Information Provision and Postgraduate Studies

This is the first paper to experimentally examine effects of information provision on beliefs about pecuniary and non-pecuniary returns of postgraduate education, enrollment intentions and realized enrollment. We find that our treatment causally affects beliefs measured six month after treatment. The effects on beliefs differ by gender and academic background, and we find that stated enrollment intentions ...

Bonn: IZA, 2019, 37 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 12735)
| Jan Berkes, Frauke Peter, C. Katharina Spiess, Felix Weinhardt

Inequalities in the Experience of Early Education in England: Access, Peer Groups and Transitions

This paper summarises the output of a Nuffield-funded research project exploring inequalities in three aspects of children’s experience in early education in England. The main focus of the project was on ‘peer effects’ in pre-school settings: we examine the extent of clustering by income and language background and explore associations between pre-school peer group and children’s outcomes in early ...

London: Systemic Risk Centre, 2019, 42 S.
(CASE ; 214)
| Tammy Campbell, Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart

Improving Preschool Provision and Encouraging Demand: Heterogeneous Impacts of a Large-Scale Program

This paper experimentally examines the impacts of a largescale government program that increased the supply and quality of community preschools in rural Cambodia. The construction of new preschool facilities was paired with two demand-side interventions designed to stimulate additional enrollment into preschools. The newly constructed preschools caused an increase in enrollment rates but the demand-side ...

Washington: World Bank, 2019, 69 S.
(Policy Research Working Paper ; 9070)
| Jan Berkes, Adrien Bouguen, Deon Filmer, Tsuyoshi Fukao
Diskussionspapiere 1828 / 2019

The Effect of Early Childhood Education and Care Services on the Social Integration of Refugee Families

Devising appropriate policy measures for the integration of refugees is high on the agenda of many governments. This paper focuses on the social integration of families seeking asylum in Germany between 2013 and 2016. Exploiting differences in services availability across counties as an exogenous source of variation, we evaluate the effect of early education attendance by refugee children on their ...

2019| Ludovica Gambaro, Guido Neidhöfer, C. Katharina Spieß
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Birth Cohort Size Variation and the Estimation of Class Size Effects

We present evidence that the practice of holding back poorly performing students affects estimates of the impact of class size on student outcomes based on within-school variation of cohort size over time. This type of variation is commonly used to identify class size effects. We build a theoretical model in which cohort size is subject to random shocks and students whose performance falls...

31.10.2018| Maximilian Bach
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Low-Income Household Finances

This paper investigates the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, "Obamacare") on out-of-pocket medical expenditures and access to health care for households across the income distribution. Using a DDD identification strategy and simulated eligibility instruments, I parameterize three of the central policy provisions of the ACA: Medicaid expansion, insurance exchange...

17.10.2018| Cortnie Anne Shupe
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Parental Background Matters: Intergenerational Mobility and Assimilation of Italian Immigrants in Germany

We investigate the hypothesis of failed integration and low social mobility of immigrants. An intergenerational assimilation model is tested empirically on household survey data and validated against registry data provided by the Italian Embassy in Germany. Although we confirm substantial disparities between educational achievements of immigrants and natives, we find that the children of Italian immigrants ...

In: German Economic Review 19 (2018), 1, S. 1-31 | Timm Bönke, Guido Neidhöfer
Diskussionspapiere 1770 / 2018

Informing Students about College: An Efficient Way to Decrease the Socio-Economic Gap in Enrollment: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment

Although the proportion of students enrolled in college increased in the last decades, students from non-college family backgrounds remain underrepresented in higher education around the world. This study sheds light on whether the provision of information in a randomized controlled trial with more than 1,000 German high school students results in higher college enrollment rates. One year prior to ...

2018| Frauke H. Peter, C. Katharina Spieß, Vaishali Zambre
Diskussionspapiere 1742 / 2018

The Gender Gap in Wage Expectations: Do Young Women Trade off Higher Wages for Lower Wage Risk?

Several studies show that young women start with lower wage expectations than men, even before entering the labor market and that this partly translates into the actual gender wage gap through effects on educational choice and the formation of reservation wages. Building on the theoretical reasoning of compensating differentials proposing that the labor market compensates higher wage risk with higher ...

2018| Vaishali Zambre
Externe referierte Aufsätze

‘Universal’ Early Education: Who Benefits? Patterns in Take‐up of the Entitlement to Free Early Education among Three‐Year‐Olds in England

For over a decade, all three‐year‐olds in England have been entitled to a free part‐time early education place. One aim of this policy is to close developmental gaps between higher‐income and low‐income children. However, the success of the initiative depends on children accessing the places. Using the National Pupil Database, we examine all autumn‐born four‐year‐olds attending in January 2011, and ...

In: British Educational Research Journal 44 (2018), 3, S. 515-538 | Tammy Campbell, Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart
57 results, from 31