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Topic Inequality

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1021 results, from 11
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Grading in Secondary Schools in Germany: The Impact of Social Origin and Gender

In the German school system, grades are the essential means of performance feedback and assignment. However, little research has been conducted on the factors that determine grades in addition to competencies, and existing findings are poorly replicated. Using data from the representative IQB Trends in Student Performance 2015 survey, our analysis combined a variety of personal and structural characteristics ...

In: International Journal of Educational Research Open 2 (2021), 2, 100101, 9 S. | Michael Bayer, Sabine Zinn, Christin Rüdiger
SOEPpapers 1151 / 2021

Overcoming Barriers to Service Access: Refugees’ Professional Support Service Utilization and the Impact of Human and Social Capital

After arriving in a new country, refugees are most often dependent on professional support to reestablish their livelihood. It is however well documented that refugees face barriers when seeking access to services aimed at facilitating their settlement and integration. This study examines refugees’ support service needs and their actual utilization and investigates the impact of social and human capital ...

2021| Ellen Heidinger
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Prejudice in Disguise: Which Features Determine the Subtlety of Ethnically Prejudicial Statements?

In current immigration debates ethnic prejudice is often expressed in a subtle manner, which conceals its xenophobic content. However, previous research has only insufficiently examined the specific features that make certain ethnically prejudicial statements subtler, i.e., less readily identifiable as xenophobic, than others. The current study employs an experimental factorial survey design and assesses ...

In: Journal of Social and Political Psychology 9 (2021), 1, S. 187–206 | Karolina Fetz, Martin Kroh
DIW Weekly Report 44/45 / 2021

Need for Long-Term Care Depends on Social Standing

The poor have a significantly shorter life expectancy than the wealthy. Using data from the Socio-Economic Panel, this Weekly Report shows that poorer people become in need of care earlier in life and more often. In addition, blue-collar workers have a higher risk of requiring care than civil servants, as do people with high job strain compared to those with low job strain. The risk of dependence on ...

2021| Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan, Hannes Kröger, Maximilian Schaller

Causes and Consequences of Educational Attainment and Household Decisions: Six Essays in Applied Microeconomics

Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin, 2021, XXVII, 346 S. | Jan Berkes
DIW Weekly Report 46 / 2021

Income Inequality in Germany Temporarily Sinks During Crises

This study is the first to investigate the interdependence of income inequality and business cycles in Germany over the past 40 years. These fluctuations in income inequality are important because they are decisive for designing effective and targeted structural redistributive and stabilization measures. The results of this study show that income inequality in Germany fluctuates with the business cycle ...

2021| Geraldine Dany-Knedlik, Alexander Kriwoluzky
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Strengthening Gender Justice in a Just Transition: A Research Agenda Based on a SystematicMap of Gender in Coal Transitions

For climate change mitigation, a rapid phase-out of fossil fuels such as coal is necessary. This has far-reaching gender-specific consequences. This paper presents a systematic map of the literature that examines the impact of historical coal phase-out processes on women and their role in these processes. The search process consisted of screening over 3100 abstracts and reading 247 full-text studies. ...

In: Energies 14 (2021), 18, 5985, 27 S. | Paula Walk, Isabell Braunger Josephine Semb Carolin Brodtmann Pao-Yu Oei, Claudia Kemfert
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Exposure to Inequality May Cause Under-provision of Public Goods: Experimental Evidence

Economic inequality is rising globally and due to developments in information technologies and globalization, nowadays individuals are more exposed to such an inequality than ever. Recent studies show that exposure to inequality may shape economic decisions. In this article, we test whether contributions in the public goods game are sensitive to information about inequality of personal benefits between ...

In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 92 (2021), 101679, 10 S. | Pablo Brañas-Garza, Elena Molis, Levent Neyse
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Redistribution and Insurance in Welfare States around the World

Redistribution across individuals within the framework of a one-year period is an empirically intensely studied question. However, a substantial share of annual redistribution might turn out to serve individual insurance in a longer perspective, reducing the level of actual redistribution across individuals. In this paper, we investigate to what extent long-run redistribution diverges from annual redistribution ...

In: The Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-05-26] | Charlotte Bartels, Dirk Neumann
Externe referierte Aufsätze

What's in a Word? Just vs. Fair vs. Appropriate Earnings for Self and Others

Despite Rawls’ famous call to distinguish between justice and fairness, these and other justice-related words often seem to be used interchangeably by both ordinary people and justice researchers. Based on a survey-embedded question wording experiment (N = 4534) fielded in Germany as part of the GESIS Panel, we explore the effects of three justice words— “just,” “fair,” and “appropriate”—on the sense ...

In: Social Justice Research 34 (2021), S. 397–427 | Jule Adriaans, Stefan Liebig, Clara Sabbagh, Guillermina Jasso
1021 results, from 11