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Topic Inequality

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1021 results, from 21

A Gendered Look at Integration: The Employment of Immigrant Women and Men in Germany: Dissertation

Weltweit migrieren Männer und Frauen, ihre Arbeitsmarktintegration ist jedoch grundsätzlich verschieden. Erklärungen hierfür sind bislang unzureichend. Daher entwickelt diese Dissertation ein Konzept zu Migration, Geschlecht und Erwerbstätigkeit, dessen Kernargument ist, dass sich Geschlechterunterschiede über die Immigration reproduzieren. Die Papiere der Dissertation testen drei Mechanismen, die ...

Berlin: Humboldt-Univ., 2021, 227 S. | Magdalena Krieger
DIW Weekly Report 40 / 2021

20 Years of the Riester Pension—Personal Retirement Provision Requires Reform

Introduced 20 years ago as a part of the 2001 pension reform, the Riester pension is meant to function as an essential component of the German pension system with the aim of compensating for decreasing public pensions. However, data collected by the SOEP show that this objective has not yet been achieved. For ten years, use of the Riester pension plan has been stagnating at around 25 percent of the ...

2021| Johannes Geyer, Markus M. Grabka, Peter Haan
Weitere Aufsätze

Gleiche Erbchancen für Frauen und Männer? Zur geschlechtsspezifischen Bedeutung von Erbschaften für die Alterssicherung

In Deutschland bestehen ein Gender-Pay-Gap, ein Gender-Wealth-Gap und ein Gender-Pension-Gap zuungunsten von Frauen. Ziel dieses Beitrags ist erstens zu untersuchen, obzudem ein Gender-Inheritance-Gap vorliegt, also Männer und Frauen ungleiche Erbchancenhaben. Zweitens wird untersucht, ob Erbschaften für die Alterssicherung von Frauenund Männern gleichermaßen von Bedeutung sind. Datengrundlage ist ...

In: Deutsche Rentenversicherung (2021), 3, S. 236-251 | Claudia Vogel, Kira Baresel, Heike Eulitz, Uwe Fachinger, Markus M. Grabka, Christoph Halbmeier, Harald Künemund, Alberto Lozano Alcántara
Diskussionspapiere 1974 / 2021

Wage Risk and Portfolio Choice: The Role of Correlated Returns

From standard portfolio-choice theory it is well-understood that background risk, overwhelmingly due to wage risk, is one of the central determinants of individuals’ portfolio composition: higher background risk reduces risky investments. However, if background risk is negatively correlated with financial market risk, higher background risk implies more risky investment. We quantify the influence of ...

2021| Johannes König, Maximilian Longmuir
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Effect of Early Childhood Education and Care Services on the Integration of Refugee Families

Devising appropriate policy measures to integrate refugees is high on the agenda of many governments. This paper focuses on the integration of families seeking asylum in Germany between 2013 and 2016. Exploiting regional differences in early childhood education and care (ECEC) services and dispersal policies as exogenous sources of variation, as well as controlling for local level heterogeneity that ...

In: Labour Economics 72 (2021), 102053, 15 S. | Ludovica Gambaro, Guido Neidhöfer, C. Katharina Spiess
Diskussionspapiere 1963 / 2021

Strengthening Gender Justice in a Just Transition: A Research Agenda Based on a Systematic Map of Gender in Coal Transitions

For climate change mitigation a rapid phase-out of fossil fuels such as coal is necessary. This has far-reaching gender-specific consequences. This paper presents a systematic map of the literature that examines the impact of historical coal phase-out processes on women and their role in these processes. The search process consists of screening 2,816 abstracts and reading 247 full-text studies. The ...

2021| Paula Walk, Isabell Braunger, Josephine Semb, Carolin Brodtmann, Pao-Yu Oei, Claudia Kemfert
Diskussionspapiere 1967 / 2021

Zooming in on Monetary Policy - The Labor Share and Production Dynamics of Two Million Firms

Conditional on a contractionary monetary policy shock, the labor share of value added is expected to decrease in the basic New Keynesian model. By providing firm-level evidence, we are first to validate this proposition. Using local projections and high dimensional fixed effects, we show that a one standard deviation contractionary monetary policy shock decreases firms' labor share by 0.4 percent, ...

2021| Jan Philipp Fritsche, Lea Steininger
Diskussionspapiere 1964 / 2021

Income Business Cycles

Using a wide variety of business cycle dating and filtering techniques, this paper documents the cyclical behavior of the post-tax income distribution in the US. First, all incomes are cyclical and co-move with the business cycle. Second, lower and higher income individuals experience significantly larger fluctuations across the business cycle than middle-income individuals. Third, these fluctuations ...

2021| Geraldine Dany-Knedlik, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Sandra Pasch
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Time Spent on School-Related Activities at Home During the Pandemic: A Longitudinal Analysis of Social Group Inequality Among Secondary School Students

Substantial educational inequalities have been documented in Germany for decades. In this article, we examine whether educational inequalities among children have increased or remained the same since the school closures of spring 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our perspective is longitudinal: We compare the amount of time children in secondary schools spent on school-related activities at home ...

In: Frontiers in Psychology 12 (2021), 705107, 10 S. | Sabine Zinn, Michael Bayer
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Norms: Why and How Adolescent Males with Working Mothers Matter for Female Labour Market Outcomes

Social norms are put forward as a prominent explanation for the changing labour supply decisions of women. This paper studies the intergenerational transmission of these norms, examining how they affect subsequent female labour supply decisions, taking into account not only the early socialization of women but also that of their partner. Using large representative panel data sets from West Germany, ...

In: Socio-Economic Review (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-07-01] | Sophia Schmitz, C Katharina Spiess
1021 results, from 21