Topic Inequality

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SOEPpapers 1120 / 2021

The Child Penalty: Implications of Parenthood on Labour Market Outcomes for Men and Women in Germany

Whilst gender inequality has been falling in the developed world, child-related gender inequality in pay has stayed constant. In this paper I use German panel data spanning across 33 years from 1984 until 2017 including over 50,000 individuals. The main contribution of this paper is the analysis of the effect of parenthood on women’s and men’s earnings using propensity score matching. I estimate the ...

2021| Charlotte H. Feldhoff
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Gendered Employment Trajectories and Individual Wealth at Older Ages in Eastern and Western Germany

This study examines the association between employment trajectories and retired men’s and women’s individual wealth at older ages in the two distinct welfare state contexts of Eastern and Western Germany. Because of the increasing re-marketization of retirement provisions, wealth is becoming increasingly important for retirees’ economic well-being. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study ...

In: Advances in Life Course Research (2021), 100374, 11 S. | Theresa Nutz, Philipp A. Lersch
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Redistribution and Insurance in Welfare States around the World

Redistribution across individuals within the framework of a one-year period is an empirically intensely studied question. However, a substantial share of annual redistribution might turn out to serve individual insurance in a longer perspective, reducing the level of actual redistribution across individuals. In this paper, we investigate to what extent long-run redistribution diverges from annual redistribution ...

In: The Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-05-26] | Charlotte Bartels, Dirk Neumann
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What’s in a Word? Just vs. Fair vs. Appropriate Earnings for Self and Others

Despite Rawls’ famous call to distinguish between justice and fairness, these and other justice-related words often seem to be used interchangeably by both ordinary people and justice researchers. Based on a survey-embedded question wording experiment (N = 4534) fielded in Germany as part of the GESIS Panel, we explore the effects of three justice words— “just,” “fair,” and “appropriate”—on the sense ...

In: Social Justice Research 34 (2021), S. 397–427 | Jule Adriaans, Stefan Liebig, Clara Sabbagh, Guillermina Jasso
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Exposure to Inequality May Cause Under-provision of Public Goods: Experimental Evidence

Economic inequality is rising globally and due to developments in information technologies and globalization, nowadays individuals are more exposed to such an inequality than ever. Recent studies show that exposure to inequality may shape economic decisions. In this article, we test whether contributions in the public goods game are sensitive to information about inequality of personal benefits between ...

In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 92 (2021), 101679, 10 S. | Pablo Brañas-Garza, Elena Molis, Levent Neyse

A Gendered Look at Integration: The Employment of Immigrant Women and Men in Germany: Dissertation

Weltweit migrieren Männer und Frauen, ihre Arbeitsmarktintegration ist jedoch grundsätzlich verschieden. Erklärungen hierfür sind bislang unzureichend. Daher entwickelt diese Dissertation ein Konzept zu Migration, Geschlecht und Erwerbstätigkeit, dessen Kernargument ist, dass sich Geschlechterunterschiede über die Immigration reproduzieren. Die Papiere der Dissertation testen drei Mechanismen, die ...

Berlin: Humboldt-Univ., 2021, 227 S. | Magdalena Krieger
Diskussionspapiere 1957 / 2021

Culture, Children and Couple Gender Inequality

This paper examines how culture impacts within-couple gender inequality. Exploiting the setting of Germany's division and reunification, I compare child penalties of couples socialised in a more gender-egalitarian culture (East Germany) to those in a gender-traditional culture (West Germany). Using a household panel, I show that the long-run child penalty on the female income share is 26.9 percentage ...

2021| Jonas Jessen
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Who Are the Essential and Frontline Workers?

In: Business Economics 56 (2021), S. 168–178 | Francine D. Blau, Josefine Koebe, Pamela A. Meyerhofer
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Housing Rent Dynamics and Rent Regulation in St. Petersburg (1880–1917)

This article studies housing rents in St. Petersburg from 1880 to 1917, covering an eventful period of Russian and world history. Digitizing over 5000 rental advertisements, we construct a state-of-the-art index – the first pre-war and pre-Soviet market data index for any Russian city. In 1915, a rent control and tenant protection policy was introduced in response to soaring prices following the outbreak ...

In: Explorations in Economic History 81 (2021), 101398, 30 S. | Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Leonid E. Limonov, Sofie R. Waltl
DIW Weekly Report 27/28 / 2021

Real Estate Taxation Reform: Tax Land Values, Abolish Privileges

Real estate is taxed at comparatively low rates in Germany, with primarily the affluent benefiting from numerous existing tax privileges. This Weekly Report describes the current state of real estate taxation in Germany and outlines reform proposals that could increase tax revenue, improve the efficiency of the tax system, and reduce wealth and income inequality. In the case of property tax, value-based ...

2021| Stefan Bach, Sebastian Eichfelder
1021 results, from 31