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Topic Inequality

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53 results, from 21

Inequalities in the Experience of Early Education in England: Access, Peer Groups and Transitions

This paper summarises the output of a Nuffield-funded research project exploring inequalities in three aspects of children’s experience in early education in England. The main focus of the project was on ‘peer effects’ in pre-school settings: we examine the extent of clustering by income and language background and explore associations between pre-school peer group and children’s outcomes in early ...

London: Systemic Risk Centre, 2019, 42 S.
(CASE ; 214)
| Tammy Campbell, Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart

Information Provision and Postgraduate Studies

This is the first paper to experimentally examine effects of information provision on beliefs about pecuniary and non-pecuniary returns of postgraduate education, enrollment intentions and realized enrollment. We find that our treatment causally affects beliefs measured six month after treatment. The effects on beliefs differ by gender and academic background, and we find that stated enrollment intentions ...

Bonn: IZA, 2019, 37 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 12735)
| Jan Berkes, Frauke Peter, C. Katharina Spiess, Felix Weinhardt

Improving Preschool Provision and Encouraging Demand: Heterogeneous Impacts of a Large-Scale Program

This paper experimentally examines the impacts of a largescale government program that increased the supply and quality of community preschools in rural Cambodia. The construction of new preschool facilities was paired with two demand-side interventions designed to stimulate additional enrollment into preschools. The newly constructed preschools caused an increase in enrollment rates but the demand-side ...

Washington: World Bank, 2019, 69 S.
(Policy Research Working Paper ; 9070)
| Jan Berkes, Adrien Bouguen, Deon Filmer, Tsuyoshi Fukao

Estimating Preschool Impacts when Counterfactual Enrollment Varies: Bounds, Conditional LATE and Machine Learning

Berkeley: Univ. of Califoria, 2019, 63 S.
(Working Paper Series / Center for Effective Global Action ; 88)
| Jan Berkes, Adrien Bouguen
Diskussionspapiere 1828 / 2019

The Effect of Early Childhood Education and Care Services on the Social Integration of Refugee Families

Devising appropriate policy measures for the integration of refugees is high on the agenda of many governments. This paper focuses on the social integration of families seeking asylum in Germany between 2013 and 2016. Exploiting differences in services availability across counties as an exogenous source of variation, we evaluate the effect of early education attendance by refugee children on their ...

2019| Ludovica Gambaro, Guido Neidhöfer, C. Katharina Spieß
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Peer Composition of Pre-School Settings in England and Early Recorded Attainment among Low-Income Children

Evidence suggests that early education can promote children’s development and narrow attainment gaps between those from lower-income and higher-income families. However, realisation of these potential benefits depends on many factors, feasibly including peer composition. We use national census data for a year-group cohort of children in England in 2011, to answer two questions: how are low-income children ...

In: British Journal of Sociology of Education 40 (2019), 6, S. 717-741 | Kitty Stewart, Tammy Campbell, Ludovica Gambaro
Diskussionspapiere 1808 / 2019

Understanding Day Care Enrolment Gaps

We document day care enrolment gaps by family background for children under 3 in Germany. Research demonstrates that children of less-educated or foreign-born parents benefit most from day care, making it important to understand the causes of such enrolment gaps. Using a unique data set that records both actual and preferred day care usage, we demonstrate that differences in demand cannot fully explain ...

2019| Jonas Jessen, Sophia Schmitz, Sevrin Waights
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Joint Roles of Parenting and Nutritional Status for Child Development: Evidence from Rural Cambodia

Substantial work has demonstrated that early nutrition and home environments, including the degree to which children receive cognitive stimulation and emotional support from parents, play a profound role in influencing early childhood development. Yet, less work has documented the joint influences of parenting and nutritional status on child development among children in the preschool years living ...

In: Developmental Science 22 (2019), 5, e12874, 19 S. | Jan Berkes, Abbie Raikes, Adrien Bouguen, Deon Filmer
DIW Weekly Report 16/17/18 / 2019

A Stable and Social Europe: Fiscal Rules, a Stabilization Fund, Insolvency Rules, Gender Quota, Gender Pension Gaps, and Education: Reports

2019| Franziska Bremus, Marius Clemens, Marcel Fratzscher, Anna Hammerschmid, Tatsiana Kliatskova, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Claus Michelsen, Carla Rowold, Felix Weinhardt, Katharina Wrohlich
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Dynastic Inequality Compared: Multigenerational Mobility in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany

Using harmonized household survey data, we analyze long‐run social mobility in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany, and test recent theories of multigenerational persistence of socioeconomic status. In this country comparison setting, we find evidence against a universal law of social mobility. Our results show that the long‐run persistence of socioeconomic status and the validity of ...

In: The Review of Income and Wealth 65 (2019), 2, S. 383-414 | Guido Neidhöfer, Maximilian Stockhausen
53 results, from 21