Topic Inequality

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121 results, from 1
DIW Weekly Report 13 / 2020

STEM Careers: Workshops Using Role Model Can Reduce Gender Stereotypes

Women continue to be underrepresented in STEM occupations (science, technology, engineering, and math). Based on a survey among secondary school students in Vienna, we show, for instance, that girls’ career aspirations, interests, and self-assessed skills in STEM fields are related to gender stereo- types. Parents also play a crucial role in this context. Further results indicate that a half-day career ...

2020| Katharina Drescher, Simone Häckl, Julia Schmieder
SOEPpapers 1070 / 2020

Selection into Employment and the Gender Wage Gap across the Distribution and over Time

Using quantile regression methods, this paper analyses the gender wage gap across the wage distribution and over time (1990-2014), while controlling for changing sample selection into full-time employment. Our findings show that the selection-corrected gender wage gap is much larger than the one observed in the data, which is mainly due to large positive selection of women into full-time employment. ...

2020| Patricia Gallego Granados, Katharina Wrohlich
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Does Subsidized Care for Toddlers Increase Maternal Labor Supply?

Expanding public or publicly subsidized childcare has been a top social policy priority in many industrialized countries. It is supposed to increase fertility, promote children’s development and enhance mothers’ labor market attachment. In this paper, we analyze the causal effect of one of the largest expansions of subsidized childcare for children up to three years among industrialized countries on ...

In: Labour Economics 62 (2020), 1017763, 18 S. | Kai-Uwe Müller, Katharina Wrohlich
DIW Weekly Report 10 / 2020

The Gender Pay Gap Begins to Increase Sharply at Age of 30

The gender pay gap increases with age: While the average gross hourly wage gap between male and female 30-year-olds is nine percent, the gap triples to 28 percent by the age of 50. This stark increase is due to differences in employment behavior in the decades between the ages of 30 and 50. Beginning at age 30, women often switch to part-time work to be able to provide childcare, whereas men tend to ...

2020| Annekatrin Schrenker, Aline Zucco
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Rising Longevity Gap by Lifetime Earnings: Distributional Implications for the Pension System

This study uses German social security records to provide novel evidence on cohort trends of the heterogeneity in life expectancy by lifetime earnings and, additionally, documents the distributional implications of this earnings-related heterogeneity. We find a strong association between lifetime earnings and life expectancy at age 65 and show that the longevity gap is increasing across cohorts. For ...

In: The Journal of the Economics of Ageing (2020), im Ersch. [online first: 2019-05-16] | Peter Haan, Daniel Kemptner, Holger Lüthen
Berlin Lunchtime Meeting

Wealth inequality and wealth taxes – an OECD Perspective

Sarah Perret, OECD, will present findings from a recent report on The Role and Design of Net Wealth Taxes in the OECD. The presentation will give an overview of the cases for and against net wealth taxes, as well as describe how wealth taxes have been designed in practice in the OECD countries that currently have or historically had net wealth taxes. Inheritance taxes, which constitute an...

28.11.2019| Sarah Perret, Stefan Bach
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

A question of gender: How promotions affect earnings

Occupational positions can explain an important part of the differences in pay between men and women. However, a considerable Gender Pay Gap exists even within the same occupational position. In this paper, we aim at understanding the reason for the gap within occupational positions and, therefore, investigate whether promotions lead to the same effect on earnings growth for men and women....

27.11.2019| Aline Zucco
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Average Wage Gaps and Expected Wage Cuts - An Investigation of Selection Neglect Bias in Income Expectations

Economists spend much of their lives talking about and correcting for sample selection. Recent evidence from behavioral economics documents that participants in lab experiments don't account for selection effects when they interpret conditional distributions. This "selection neglect" can distort expectations in settings where individuals learn from comparisons with other people who differ in...

13.11.2019| Annekatrin Schrenker
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Does later retirement change your health care consumption? Evidence from France

This paper examines the causal impact of later retirement on outpatient care consumption among the French elderly. Outpatient care are defined as all the care provided out of the hospital setting. This question is of interest since spill effects may arise if later retirement increases health care expenditures. To deal with reverse causality issue, I use, as an instrumental variable, the 1993...

30.10.2019| Elsa Perdrix, Paris School of Economics
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Salience of Inherited Wealth and the Support for Inheritance Taxation

Abstract: We study how attitudes to inheritance taxation are influenced by information about the role of inherited wealth in society. Using a randomized experiment in a register-linked Swedish survey, we find that informing individuals about the large aggregate importance of inherited wealth and its link to inequality of opportunity significantly increases the support for inheritance taxation. The...

25.10.2019| Daniel Waldenström, Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm
121 results, from 1