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8 February 2013

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Heterogeneous returns over the lifecycle? Re-examining the returns to education in the UK

More Information
Speaker
  • Matt Dickson, University of Bath
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 526
    1 February 2013

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The Illusion of School Choice: Empirical Evidence from Barcelona

    More Information
    Speaker
  • Maia Güell, University of Edinburgh
  • Time
    13:15-14:45
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 526
    30 January 2013

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Body and Mind in the SOEP: Longitudinal interplay between physical health, subjective sleep quality, and perceived control

    The relationship between body and mind has fascinated thinkers for centuries. During the last decade empirical research has started to unravel the processes mediating between indicators of physical health and psychological variables. However, longitudinal studies on representative samples on these processes are still scarce. The aim of the present study is to assess the longitudinal interplay between functional health, subjective sleep quality, and perceived control. Data from participants of the SOEP with information on functional health, subjective sleep quality, and perceived control are analyzed. Functional health is measured by grip strength in 2006 and 2010, subjective sleep quality was rated in 2008 and 2010, and perceived control was assessed in 2005 and 2010. Autoregressive crossed-lagged panel analysis is applied in three age groups (< 40 years, 40 – 59 years, and >59 years) controlling gender and age within the age group.

    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    external
    Sakari Lemola (Uni Basel)
    9 January 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions How learning a musical instrument affects educational achievement

    Learning a musical instrument during childhood may increase educational opportunities by improving cognitive skills, teaching non-cognitive skills or by sending positive signals to teachers. Our study tests these hypotheses with data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, which contains information on musical practice during childhood as well as detailed parental background characteristics. In order to reduce the bias resulting from non-random selection into musical practice, we use propensity score matching. Moreover, we test the robustness of our results with siblings fixed effects. We find that learning a musical instrument improves cognitive skills by 0.3 and school marks by 0.15 standard deviations. Educational ambitions improve whereas non-cognitive skills do not seem to be affected. Positive effects are stronger for children from lower socio-economic status.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30-13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    19 Dec 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Die Nachfrage nach Energie, Mobilität und Freizeit und Auswirkungen der EEG-Umlage

    Ein Nachfragesystem, dass Mobilität, Energiegüter und Freizeit (respektive Arbeitsangebot) einschließt, wird mit den Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichproben (EVS) der Jahre 1998, 2003 und 2008 geschätzt. Getrennt für Single- und Paarhaushalte werden Eigen- und Kreuzpreiselastizitäten berechnet, mit denen die Auswirkungen der EEG-Umlage simuliert werden. Die EEG-Umlage wirkt wie eine Stromsteuer und führte zwischen 2008 und 2013 zu einer Steigerung des Strompreises für die Haushalte von im Schnitt 25,9%.
    Belastungswirkungen, Nachfrageeffekte, Arbeitsangebot, Aufkommenswirkungen und Wohlfahrtseffekte werden mit dem Nachfragesystem simuliert.

    Der Vortrag findet auf deutsch statt.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30-13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    12 Dec 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Are we architects of our own happiness? The importance of family background for well-being

    Modern societies and economies are built on the promise that individuals are basically free to choose actions to achieve their greatest happiness. This implies that individuals are the architects of their own happiness (or well-being). Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this paper analyzes to which extent individuals' well-being is determined not by their own actions but by the influence of their family background. We present sibling correlations as well as intergenerational correlations in well-being.
    We find high sibling correlations for all areas of subjective well-being and therefore substantial influence of family background. This influence weakens with the siblings' distance from their parental home. The comparison of sibling correlations with intergenerational correlations shows that the influence of family background is much stronger than suggested by traditional one dimensional measures of intergenerational mobility.

    Speaker
  • Christoph Wunder (Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg)
  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    5 Dec 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Health risks and insurance against work incapacity over the life-cycle

    This paper proposes a structural life-cycle model to analyze the links between individuals' health, labor market participation, wealth accumulation, and early retirement. I rely on the framework of a dynamic programming discrete choice model which is estimated using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study. A sequential Expectation-Maximization algorithm is used to obtain good starting values for a subsequent full information maximum likelihood estimation. A policy analysis focuses on the early retirement option of the German statutory pension scheme which constitutes an insurance against work incapacity. I simulate scenarios where health shocks do or do not occur at different ages during the life-cycle for individuals with differing endowments at age 40. A comparison of expected consumption paths and net present values of expected life-cycle incomes between the scenarios sheds some light on health-related poverty risks and the magnitude of risks being uninsured by the German early retirement scheme. Furthermore, I investigate a counterfactual policy scenario where reductions on the pension benefits of early retirees are abolished for individuals who are in bad health.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30-13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    28 Nov 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Regional Differences in Retirement Timing

    Speaker
  • Susanne Strauss (University of Tuebingen, currently guest researcher at DIW Berlin)
  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Arthur-Cecil-Pigou-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 3.3.002C Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    21 Nov 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Examining the Structure of Spatial Health Effects using Hierarchical Bayes Models

    Abstract

    This paper makes use of Hierarchical Bayes Models to model and estimate spatial health effects. We focus on Germany and combine rich individual-level household panel data with administrative county-level information to estimate spatial county-level health dependencies. As dependent variable, we use the generic, continuous, and quasi-objective SF12 health measure. Our findings reveal strong and highly significant spatial dependencies and clusters. The strong and systematic county-level impact is comparable to an age effect on health of up to 30 years. Even 20 years after the peaceful German reunification, we detect a clear spatial East-West health pattern that equals an age impact on health of up to 15 life years.

    Speaker
  • joint work with Nicolas R. Ziebarth (Cornell University)
  • Time
    12:30-13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    7 Nov 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Liquidity Constraints and the Permanent Income Hypothesis: Pseudo Panel Estimation with German Consumption Survey Data

    Abstract:This paper empirically investigates the relevance of liquidity constraints and excess sensitivity in intertemporal household consumption. Using a pseudo panel that has been constructed on rich German consumption survey data, we estimate the consumption responses to permanent and transitory income shocks, as well as the presence of excess sensitivity to anticipated income changes. A switching regression approach with unknown sample separation is applied to identify the two regimes whether to be liquidity constrained or not. The results are used to test whether liquidity constraints affect the validity of the permanent income hypothesis. For households in the constrained regime, reactions to changes in transitory income are found to be significantly greater than for households in the unconstrained regime. Furthermore, we provide evidence for excess sensitivity to anticipated income changes for households in the constrained regime if total consumption, durable as well as non-durable, is considered.

    Time
    12:30-13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    24 October 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labor Market Outcomes

    Abstract

    This paper exploits the effects of job information centers in West Germany on pupils' educational and occupational choices, as well as on their labor market outcomes in later life. This paper contributes to the very sparse literature on the impacts of the public provision of labor market related information. We exploit the fact that West Germany job information centers were introduced at different times in different places, and use a differences-in-differences approach to identify parameters with causal interpretation. Combining data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP) with administrative data on the location and introduction of job information centers allows us to detect whether an individual could have benefited from the information service during their youth. The results suggest that individuals in counties with a job information center while they were in grades 8 and 9, choose more education, have more prestigious jobs and have higher wage incomes than pupils who did not have access to facilities.

    Speaker
  • joint work with Thomas Siedler (University of Hamburg)
  • Time
    12:30-13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    24 October 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labour Market Outcomes

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    17 October 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Job Referrals and Immigrants’ Occupational Status. The Role of Bridging Social Capital

    Using longitudinal data from the German Socioeconomic Panel (1986-2005), this paper analyzes how job referrals affect the occupational status of immigrants in Germany. This allows me to examine whether access to bridging social capital can be activated and converted into a better position on the labor market. Random effects and fixed effects models show that job referrals from friends only result in a higher occupational status if immigrants have contacts with natives. Referrals affect occupational status negatively if people do not have contacts with natives. Furthermore, for immigrants with a German spouse, almost all job changes are more beneficial than for people who have a co-ethnic spouse, regardless of the search method used. It is concluded that for immigrants, job referrals are only valuable if they go together with possessing bridging social capital. This implies that contacts with natives not only provide access to valuable resources, but these can be activated too.

    Speaker
  • Bram Lancee (Social Science Research Center Berlin - WZB)
  • Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 376
    30 Sept 2012

    30 September 2012 to 5 October 2012 Workshop 6th International Research Workshop - Methods for Ph.D.

    Empirical research is seeking through methodological processes to discover, hopefully, nontrivial facts and insights. Beside choosing a topic and grounding an idea in theory, empirical research consists of gathering and analysing data as well as presenting results in scientific contexts in order to contribute new issues to the body of acquired knowledge - not only to someone‘s own but also to that of others.

    Our workshop tackles these steps of your research project:

    1. Gathering data via (un)structured interviews and analysing standardized survey data,
    2. using the computer for qualitative and quantitative data analysis.
    These steps will strengthen the cooperation in empirical research to boost and streamline ones project.

    It is possible to get a certificate on the credit points (according to the European Credit Transfer System).

    In detail the following courses will be offered:

    Quantitative Methods:
    • Analysing Panel Data
    • Structural Equation Modelling with Amos
    • Data Analysis with Stata - Beginners
    • Data Analysis with Stata - Intermediates
    • Data Analysis with R
    • Sequential Analysis
    • Introduction to the SOEP
    • Network Analysis
    • Questionnaire Design

    Qualitative Methods:
    • Qualitative (Expert) Interviews
    • Qualitative Inquiry and Content Analysis with MAXQDA
    • From Words to Networks: Information and Relation Extraction from Text Data and Analysis of Socio-technical Networks
    • Case Study Research
    • Introduction to MAXQDA for Case Studies
    • Grounded Theory

    workshop programme

    More Information
    Location
    Akademie Sankelmark (near Flensburg) Akademieweg 6 24988 Oeversee
    27 Sept 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Special Brown Bag Seminar
    Dead Man Walking: The Impact of Over-Education on Life Satisfaction

    The negative effects of unemployment on wellbeing have been clearly documented in the economics literature. However some current employees may move directly into a new job, never experiencing an unemployment spell, yet find themselves in a new job underutilising their skills or education ("downchanges"). We assess empirically, whether downchanges are similar to unemployment spells, in that they both decrease measures of wellbeing, controlling for observables and time-invariant unobservables. Theoretically persons should only make job moves that are pareto optimal. However, we find significant negative impacts of downchanges on wellbeing amounting to about a quarter of the magnitude of being unemployed, and consider this to be a form of as "hidden unemployment". This suggests that labour market participants prefer a poorer match at their new job than remaining at their old job entering into unemployment, suggesting some kind of forcing out of the old job.

    Speaker
  • John P. Haisken-DeNew (MIAESR, University of Melbourne)
  • Time
    12:30-13:00
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    24 to 26 Sept 2012

    Workshop SOEPcampus at datalab2012@Universität Bielefeld
    "Analysepotentiale sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschungsdaten - Längsschnittliche und kontextbezogene Daten"

    This year's SOEPcampus at datalab 2012@Universität Bielefeld "Analysepotentiale sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschungsdaten - Längsschnittliche und kontextbezogene Daten" will take place from September 24-26 (the workshop will be held in German).

    More Information
    Location
    Universität Bielefeld
    8 August 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Number of siblings, birth order and maternal investments in preschool children: Resource dilution or resource augmentation?

    This study aims to explore the relationship between sibling number, birth order and maternal time investments in preschool children. Using the GSOEP and "Familien in Deutschland", we investigate maternal time investments in children aged 2-3 and 5-6. The dependent variables consist of two dimensions extracted from the mother's self-reported frequencies in various activities with children activities at home and outside activities. By fitting a random-effects and a fixed-effects model for two measurement points, we give answer to two questions: (a) To what extent do maternal time investments vary between children in families with different sibling compositions? (b) How do these investments change for the same child across time with the birth of a new sibling? The results show that there are quantitative and qualitative differences in time spent by mothers inside and outside the home. (a) There is an advantage for the firstborn with increasing sibship size, even when compared to an only child. Investments in middle and lastborn children get rather diluted with each additional sibling. The child's sex matters only for activities outside the home. (b) Children are more affected by the birth of a new sibling when they already have a younger sibling. The effect of time investments is positive for activities at home, but quite ambiguous for activities outside the home and varies with the child's sex and birth position. Regarding covariates, child care support leads to an increase in maternal time investments, whereas mother's working hours and household income have no impact.

    Speaker
  • Magdalena Osmanowski and Andrés Cardona (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Time
    12:30-13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    25 July 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Special Brown Bag Seminar
    The new SOEP data file BIOSIB

    Daniel D. Schnitzlein will present and open the discussion on the new SOEP data file BIOSIB (containing among others sibling pointers).
    The presentation will be held in German.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30-13:00
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 322
    18 July 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions Wage Mobility in East and West Germany

    This article studies long run patterns and explanations of wage mobility as a characteristic of regional labor markets. Using German administrative data we describe wage mobility since 1975 in West and since 1992 in East Germany. Wage mobility declined substantially in East Germany in the 1990s and moderately in East and West Germany since the late 1990s. Therefore, wage mobility does not balance recent increases in cross-sectional wage inequality. We apply RIF regression based decompositions to measure the role of factors associated with these mobility changes. Increasing job stability plays an important role in the East German mobility decline.
    Link: http://ftp.iza.org/dp6246.pdf

     

    Authors
  • Prof. Dr. Regina T. Riphahn (LMU Munich)
  • Time
    12:30 - 13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    4 July 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions The treatment effect of attending a high-quality school and the influence of unobservables

    This paper studies the effect of attending a high-quality middle school on subsequent educational outcomes. The analysis is based on data from the German socio-economic household panel in which we observe children when they make their secondary school decisions (in the age between 10-12) and later when they self-report on their intentions with regard to their further educational pathway (in the age of 16-17). To identify the treatment effect, we use a regression-control framework as well as an instrumental variable approach (based on local supply of schools). In a second step, we carefully examine the influence of unobservable characteristics in both methods using the new technique proposed by Altonji, Elder and Taber (2005). Our findings suggest that unobservable characteristics are indeed crucial to the validity of the research design. While we find large positive and significant effects of attending a high-quality school, we cannot rule out that the estimates are not in fact driven by selection on unobservables.

    Speaker
    Time
    12:30-13:30
    Location
    Eleanor-Dulles-Raum DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Room 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
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