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Diskussionspapiere 288 / 2002

Modelling Low Income Transitions

We examine the determinants of low income transitions using first-order Markov models that control for initial conditions effects (those found to be poor in the base year may be a nonrandom sample) and for attrition (panel retention may also be non-random). Our econometric model is a form of endogeneous switching regression, and is fitted using simulated maximum likelihood methods. The estimates, derived ...

2002| Lorenzo Cappellari, Stephen P. Jenkins
Weitere Aufsätze

Living Conditions of Immigrant Children in Germany

In: Koen Vleminckx, Timothy M. Smeeding (Eds.) , Child Well-Being, Child Poverty and Child Policy in Modern Nations
Bristol : Policy Press
S. 275-298
| Joachim R. Frick, Gert G. Wagner
SOEPpapers 13 / 2007

Educational Expansion and Its Heterogeneous Returns for Wage Workers

This paper examines the evolution of returns to education in the West German labour market over the last two decades. During this period, graduates from the period of educational expansion entered the labour market and an upgrading of the skill structure took place. In order to tackle the issues of endogeneity of schooling and its heterogeneous returns we apply two estimation methods: Wooldridge's ...

2007| Michael Gebel, Friedhelm Pfeiffer
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

Cross-National Estimates of the Intergenerational Mobility in Earnings

This paper examines the similarity in the association between earnings of sons and fathers in Germany and the United States. It relaxes the log-linear functional form imposed in most studies of the intergenerational earnings association. Theory implies the relationship between earnings of fathers and sons could be nonlinear, especially at the tails of the distribution of earnings of fathers. When a ...

2001| Dean R. Lillard
SOEPpapers 500 / 2012

Mobility Regimes and Parental Wealth: The United States, Germany, and Sweden in Comparison

We study the role of parental wealth for children's educational and occupational outcomes across three types of welfare states and outline a theoretical model that assumes parental wealth to impact offspring's attainment through two mechanisms, wealth's purchasing function and its insurance function. We argue that welfare states can limit the purchasing function of wealth, for instance by providing ...

2012| Fabian T. Pfeffer, Martin Hällsten
SOEPpapers 74 / 2007

Inequalities within Couples: Market Incomes and the Role of Taxes and Benefits in Europe

In spite of there being few elements of tax or cash benefit systems in developed countries that are any longer explicitly gender-biased in a discriminatory sense, it is well recognised that they have significant gender effects. To the extent that women earn less than men on average under tax-benefit systems that are progressive, there is some redistribution from men to women overall. However, an aggregate ...

2007| Francesco Figari, Herwig Immervoll, Horacio Levy, Holly Sutherland
SOEPpapers 295 / 2010

Multidimensional Measurement of Richness: Theory and an Application to Germany

Closely following recent innovations in the literature on the multidimensional measurement of poverty, this paper provides similar measures for the top of the distribution using a dual cutoff method to identify individuals, who can be considered as rich in a multidimensional setting. We use this framework to analyze the role of wealth, health and education, in addition to income, as dimensions of multidimensional ...

2010| Andreas Peichl, Nico Pestel
SOEPpapers 285 / 2010

Are Recessions Good for Educational Attainment?

In this study, we examine how economic performance during the child-specific primary school phase, during which teachers make recommendations regarding secondary school level, affects the educational level achieved ultimately by these children. Using data for Germany, we find that an economic downturn, coupled with increased unemployment, affects children's education attainment negatively. In terms ...

2010| Carsten Ochsen
SOEPpapers 483 / 2012

The Impact of Social Support Networks on Maternal Employment: A Comparison of West German, East German and Migrant Mothers of Pre-School Children

Given shortages in public child care in Germany, this paper asks whether social support with child care and domestic work by spouses, kin and friends can facilitate mothers' return to full-time or part-time positions within the first six years after birth. Using SOEP data from 1993-2009 and event history analyses for competing risks, the author compares the employment transitions of West German, East ...

2012| Mareike Wagner
SOEPpapers 520 / 2012

The Impact of the German Child Benefit on Child Well-Being

The German Child Benefit ("Kindergeld") is paid to legal guardians of children as a cash benefit. This study employs exogenous variations in the amount of child benefit received by households to investigate the extent to which these various changes have translated into an improvement in the circumstances of children related to their well-being. I use the German Socio-Economic Panel to estimate the ...

2012| Christian Raschke
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