402 results, from 31
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

Long-term effects of pregnancy and childbirth on sleep quality and duration of first-time and experienced mothers and fathers

Study Objectives: This study examines the change in mothers’ and fathers’ sleep satisfaction and sleep duration across pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, and postpartum up to six years after birth and examines potential protective and risk factors for sleep during that time.Methods: Participants of a large representative panel study from Germany reported sleep satisfaction and sleep duration...

05.12.2018| David Richter
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Effect of Retirement on Health - Evidence from Administrative Data

We combine unique data that include all practitioner health diagnoses based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) collected from all publicly insured individuals in Germany with a sizable cohort specific pension reform to study the causal effect of an increase in the retirement age on health. For the analysis, we use a cohort specific regression discontinuity design. The...

16.06.2020| Mara Barschkett
Brown Bag Seminar Cluster Industrial Economics

Antibiotic Prescribing and Diagnostic Testing: Physician Behavior in the Case of Urinary Tract Infection

Abstract: When a patient with symptoms of urinary tract infection arrives at a physician's office, it needs to decide which antibiotic drug to prescribe. A drug's efficacy in treating the infection depends on the individual, time-dependent resistance profile of the bacterium causing the infection. Physicians can conduct antibiotic susceptibility tests in order to create current resistance profiles...

29.11.2019| Shan Huang
DIW Weekly Report 30 / 2019

High-Priced and Dangerous: Nuclear Power Is Not an Option for the Climate-Friendly Energy Mix

The debate on effective climate protection is heating up in Germany and the rest of the world. Nuclear energy is being touted as “clean” energy. Given the circumstances, the present study analyzed the historical, current, and future costs and risks of nuclear energy. The findings show that nuclear energy can by no means be called “clean” due to radioactive emissions, which will endanger humans and ...

2019| Ben Wealer, Simon Bauer, Leonard Göke, Christian von Hirschhausen, Claudia Kemfert
Diskussionspapiere 1802 / 2019

Increased Instruction Time and Stress-Related Health Problems among School Children

While several studies suggest that stress-related mental health problems among school children are related to specific elements of schooling, empirical evidence on this causal relationship is scarce. We examine a German schooling reform that increased weekly instruction time and study its effects on stress-related outpatient diagnoses from the universe of health claims data of the German Social Health ...

2019| Jan Marcus, Simon Reif, Amelie Wuppermann, Amélie Rouche
Diskussionspapiere 1803 / 2019

Battling Antibiotic Resistance: Can Machine Learning Improve Prescribing?

Antibiotic resistance constitutes a major health threat. Predicting bacterial causes of infections is key to reducing antibiotic misuse, a leading cause of antibiotic resistance. We combine administrative and microbiological laboratory data from Denmark to train a machine learning algorithm predicting bacterial causes of urinary tract infections. Based on predictions, we develop policies to improve ...

2019| Michael A. Ribers, Hannes Ullrich
SOEPpapers 997 / 2018

Effects of Changes in Living Environment on Physical Health: A Prospective Cohort Study of Movers and Non-Movers in Germany

Longitudinal studies on associations between changes in living environment and health are few and focus on movers. Next to causal effects, differences in health between living environments can, however, result due to residential mobility. The present study explored changes in living environment related to (changes in) physical health among movers and non-movers. Causality was reinforced by a novel ...

2018| Benjamin Aretz, Gabriele Doblhammer, Fanny Janssen
DIW Weekly Report 4/5/6 / 2019

Language Skills and Employment Rate of Refugees in Germany Improving with Time

Asylum seekers migrating to Germany remains a hotly debated topic. The second wave of a longitudinal survey of refugees shows that their integration has progressed significantly, even though some refugees came to Germany in poor health and with little formal education. Compared to the previous year, refugees’ German skills have improved, as have their participation rates in the workforce, education, ...

2019| Herbert Brücker, Johannes Croisier, Yuliya Kosyakova, Hannes Kröger, Giuseppe Pietrantuono, Nina Rother, Jürgen Schupp
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

Temporary employment and the midlife nadir in human well-being

Temporary employees rank lower than permanent employees on various measures of mental and physical health, including well-being. Furthermore, much research has indicated an approximate U-shape pattern between age and well-being with a nadir in midlife. Temporary employment may well have different associations with well-being across the lifespan, likely harming people in midlife more than...

03.06.2020| Alan Piper, FU Berlin and Europa-Universität Flensburg
SOEPpapers 1048 / 2019

Being Unengaged at Work but Still Dedicating Time and Energy: A Longitudinal Study

Overcommitted individuals cannot withdraw from work obligations. We examine whether work goal engagement attenuates the negative effects of overcommitment on work and health outcomes. For overcommitted professionals it should matter whether they dedicate time and energy to work goals they feel bound to or to goals they do not feel attached to (unengaged overcommitment). In a longitudinal study of 752 ...

2019| Sabine Hommelhoff, David Richter, Cornelia Niessen, Denis Gerstorf, Jutta Heckhausen
402 results, from 31