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193 results, from 131
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Personality Development in Old Age Relates to Physical Health and Cognitive Performance: Evidence from the Berlin Aging Study II

We examine how late-life personality development relates to overall morbidity as well as specific performance-based indicators of physical and cognitive functioning in 1,232 older adults in the Berlin Aging Study II (aged 65-88 years). Latent growth models indicated that, on average, neuroticism and conscientiousness decline over time, whereas extraversion and openness increase and agreeableness remains ...

In: Journal of Research in Personality 65 (2016), S. 94-108 | Swantje Müller, Jenny Wagner, Johanna Drewelies, Sandra Düzel, Peter Eibich, Jule Specht, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Gert G. Wagner, Denis Gerstorf
SOEPpapers 943 / 2017

Biased by Success and Failure: How Unemployment Shapes Stated Locus of Control

Due to its extraordinary explanatory power for individual behavior, the interest in the concept of locus of control (LOC) has increased substantially within applied economic research. But, even though LOC has been found to affect economic behavior in many ways, the reliability of these findings is at risk as they commonly rely on the assumption that LOC is stable over the life course. While absolute ...

2017| Malte Preuss, Juliane Hennecke
SOEPpapers 924 / 2017

The Personality Profiles of Early Adopters of Energy-Efficient Technology

This study investigates whether energy efficiency investments are driven by differences in personality traits among homeowners. Using data on nearly 3,000 households in Germany, we estimate that compared to the median level, homeowners in the lowest quartile of Openness to Experience have 5.0%-23.4% lower propensity to invest in capital-intensive energy efficiency measures, while homeowners in the ...

2017| Ante Busic-Sontic, Franz Fuerst
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Allais for the Poor: Relations to Ability, Information Processing, and Risk Attitudes

This paper complements evidence on the Allais paradox from advanced countries and educated people by a novel investigation in a poor rural area. The share of Allais-type behavior is indeed high and related to indicators of “lacking ability,” such as poor education, unemployment, and little financial sophistication. Based on prospective reference theory, we extend these characteristics by biased processing ...

In: Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 54 (2017), 2, S. 129-156 | Tabea Herrmann, Olaf Hübner, Lukas Menkhoff, Ulrich Schmidt
Diskussionspapiere 1645 / 2017

Allais for the Poor: Relations to Ability, Information Processing and Risk Attitudes

This paper complements evidence on the Allais paradox from advanced countries and educated people by a novel investigation in a poor rural area. The share of Allais-type behavior is indeed high and related to characteristics of “lacking ability”, such as poor education, unemployment, and little financial sophistication. Based on prospective reference theory, we extend these characteristics by biased ...

2017| Tabea Herrmann, Olaf Hübler, Lukas Menkhoff, Ulrich Schmidt
SOEPpapers 886 / 2016

Entering Adulthood in a Recession Tempers Later Narcissism: But Only in Men

In a recent study, Bianchi (2014) showed that macroeconomic conditions (i.e. average unemployment rate) during the years of emerging adulthood (ages 18-25) are inversely related to adult narcissism. Fletcher (2015) called into question the robustness of the results and Grijalva et al. (2015) presented meta-analytic support for real gender differences in narcissism. Here we report combined results from ...

2016| Marius Leckelt, Mitja D. Back, Joshua D. Foster, Ross Hutteman, Garrett Jaeger, Jessica McCain, Jean M. Twenge, W. Keith Campbell
SOEPpapers 623 / 2013

Intrinsic Motivations of Public Sector Employees: Evidence for Germany

We examine differences in altruism and laziness between public sector employees and private sector employees. Our theoretical model predicts that the likelihood of public sector employment increases with a worker·s altruism, and increases or decreases with a workers laziness depending on his altruism. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, we find that public sector employees are significantly ...

2013| Robert Dur, Robin Zoutenbier
Monographien

The Impact of Education on Personality: Evidence from a German High School Reform

This paper investigates the short-term effects of a reduction in the length of high school on students' personality traits using a school reform carried out at the state level in Germany as a quasi-natural experiment. Starting in 2001, academic-track high school (Gymnasium) was reduced from nine to eight years in most of Germany's federal states, leaving the overall curriculum unchanged. This enabled ...

Bonn: IZA, 2014, 51 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 8139)
| Sarah Dahmann, Silke Anger
SOEPpapers 658 / 2014

The Impact of Education on Personality: Evidence from a German High School Reform

This paper investigates the short-term effects of a reduction in the length of high school on students' personality traits using a school reform carried out at the state level in Germany as a quasi-natural experiment. Starting in 2001, academic-track high school (Gymnasium) was reduced from nine to eight years in most of Germany's federal states, leaving the overall curriculum unchanged. This enabled ...

2014| Sarah Dahmann, Silke Anger
SOEPpapers 723 / 2014

Labor Market Integration of German Immigrants and Their Children: Does Personality Matter?

Educational attainment, length of stay, differences in national background and language skills play an acknowledged important role for the integration of immigrants. But integration is also a social process, which suggests that psychological factors are relevant. This paper explores whether and to what extent immigrants and their children need to believe in their ability to control their own success. ...

2014| Anna-Elisabeth Thum
193 results, from 131
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