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Externe referierte Aufsätze

Extracting Agency and Communion From the Big Five: A Four-Way Competition

Agency and communion are the two fundamental content dimensions in psychology. The two dimensions figure prominently in many psychological realms (personality, social, self, motivational, cross-cultural, etc.). In contemporary research, however, personality is most commonly measured within the Big Five framework. We developed novel agency and communion scales based on the items from the most popular ...

In: Assessment (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-04-05] | Theresa M. Entringer, Jochen E. Gebauer, Delroy L. Paulhus
Berlin Applied Micro Seminar (BAMS)

The role of heterogeneous expectations in life cycle models

BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

17.02.2020| Jochem de Bresser

The Effect of Self-Control on Borrowing: Experimental Evidence

This paper examines the effect of reduced self-control on debt-taking in a laboratory experiment. We manipulate self-control using an ego depletion task and show that it is effective. Following the ego depletion task, participants can anonymously buy hot drinks on credit. We find no significant average effects, but find that treated individuals that have low financial literacy are more likely to buy ...

Munich: Collaborative Research Center Transregio 190, 2020, 36 S. : Anh.
(Discussion paper / Rationality & Competition, CRC TRR 190 ; 264)
| Antonia Grohmann, Jana Hamdan
SOEPpapers 1118 / 2021

Emotions and Risk Attitudes

Previous work has shown that preferences are not always stable across time, but surprisingly little is known about the reasons for this instability. I examine whether variation in people’s emotions over time predicts changes in risk attitudes. Using a large panel data set, I identify happiness, anger, and fear as significant correlates of within-person changes in risk attitudes. Robustness checks indicate ...

2021| Armando N. Meier
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Changes in Optimism and Pessimism in Response to Life Events: Evidence from Three Large Panel Studies

Although individuals vary in how optimistic they are about the future, one assumption that researchers make is that optimism is sensitive to changes in life events and circumstances. We examined how optimism and pessimism changed across the lifespan and in response to life events in three large panel studies (combined N = 74,886). In the American and Dutch samples, we found that optimism increased ...

In: Journal of Research in Personality 88 (2021), 103985, 14 S. | William J. Chopik, Jeewon Oh, Eric S. Kim, Ted Schwaba, Michael D. Krämer, David Richter, Jacqui Smith
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Analysing Effects of Birth Order on Intelligence, Educational Attainment, Big Five, and Risk Aversion in an Indonesian Sample

Few studies have examined birth order effects on personality in countries that are not Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic (WEIRD). However, theories have generally suggested that interculturally universal family dynamics are the mechanism behind birth order effects, and prominent theories such as resource dilutionwould predict even stronger linear effects in poorer countries. Here, ...

In: European Journal of Personality 35 (2021), 2, S. 234–248 | Laura J. Botzet, Julia M. Rohrer, Ruben Arslan
SOEPpapers 1082 / 2020

Testing the Social Investment Principle around Childbirth: Little Evidence for Personality Maturation before and after Becoming a Parent

In line with the Social Investment Principle, becoming a parent should lead to more mature behavior and an increase in conscientiousness, agreeableness, and emotional stability. However, previous research provided mixed results that do not support this idea. Here, we used data from a nationally representative household panel study from Germany (N = 19,875) to examine whether becoming a parent relates ...

2020| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Trajectories of Multiple Subjective Well-Being Facets Across Old Age: The Role of Health and Personality

Subjective well-being is often characterized by average stability across old age, but individual differencesare substantial and not yet fully understood. This study targets physical and cognitive health andpersonality as individual difference characteristics and examines their unique and interactive roles forlevel and change in a number of different facets of subjective well-being. We make use of medicaldiagnoses, ...

In: Psychology and Aging 35 (2020), 6, S. 894-909 | Sophie Potter, Johanna Drewelies, Jenny Wagner, Sandra Duezel, Annette Brose, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Ulman Lindenberger, Gert G. Wagner, Denis Gerstorf
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

Temporary employment and the midlife nadir in human well-being

Temporary employees rank lower than permanent employees on various measures of mental and physical health, including well-being. Furthermore, much research has indicated an approximate U-shape pattern between age and well-being with a nadir in midlife. Temporary employment may well have different associations with well-being across the lifespan, likely harming people in midlife more than...

03.06.2020| Alan Piper, FU Berlin and Europa-Universität Flensburg
Research Project

Rationality and Competition: The Economic Performance of Individuals and Firms

Current Project| Public Economics, German Socio-Economic Panel study
187 results, from 21