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SOEPpapers 1139 / 2021

Why a Labour Market Boom Does Not Necessarily Bring Down Inequality: Putting Together Germany’s Inequality Puzzle

After an economically tough start into the new millennium, Germany experienced an unprecedented employment boom after 2005 only stopped by the COVID-19 pandemic. Persistently high levels of inequality despite a booming labour market and drastically falling unemployment rates constituted a puzzle, suggesting either that the German job miracle mainly benefitted individuals in the mid- or high-income range ...

2021| Martin Biewen, Miriam Sturm
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy – Focus on Electro-intensive Firms

The European Commission commissioned an international consortium including the DIW Berlin with a background study on State aid in the field of environmental protection and energy. The results of the study are meant to support the Commission in the revision of the EU Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy (EEAG). One key focus of the study was to assess the current rules...

21.05.2021| Joanna Piechucka, DIW Berlin
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Political Corruption in the Execution of Public Contracts

This paper presents a novel theoretical framework to explain the occurrence of corruption in public procurement. It extends the agency cost-padding model by Laffont and Tirole (1992) to allow for the principal to be a partially selfish politician who can design the contract auditing policy. It is found that a benevolent politician, by choosing a sufficiently strict auditing, deters the contracting ...

In: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 179 (2020), S. 116-140 | Olga Chiappinelli
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Social Status Concerns and the Political Economy of Publicly Provided Private Goods

We analyse the political economy of the public provision of private goods when individuals care about their social status. Status concerns motivate richer individuals to vote for the public provision of goods they themselves buy in markets: a higher provision level attracts more individuals to the public sector, enhancing the social exclusivity of market purchases. Majority voting may lead to a public ...

In: The Economic Journal 131 (2021), 633, S. 220–246 | Jana Friedrichsen, Tobias König, Tobias Lausen
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2020

Debt – Blessing or Curse? Editorial

2020| Peter Hennecke, Doris Neuberger, Dorothea Schäfer
Weitere Aufsätze

The Implications of Removing Repo Assets from the Leverage Ratio

This article summarises the key findings from a counterfactual exercise where the effect of removing repo assets from the leverage ratio on banks’ default probabilities is considered. The findings suggest that granting such an exemption may have adverse effects on the stability of the financial system, even when measures are introduced to compensate for the decline in capital required by the leverage ...

In: Macroprudential Bulletin (2018), 6, 7 S. | Jan Philipp Fritsche, Michael Grill, Claudia Lambert
Berlin Lunchtime Meeting

Accelerating Transformation: the Role of Investment in Germany and the EU to Support Recovery from the Pandemic Shock

Europe and Germany are being hit by a historic shock due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Economic activity is going to shrink substantially this year, with lockdown measures having led to sharp contractions in economic output, household spending, corporate investment and international trade. Will we see a strong and sustainable recovery? Investment is central to reboot economic activity and to...

18.06.2020| Debora Revoltella, Jakob von Weizsäcker
DIW Weekly Report 39/40 / 2020

Population Decline Creating Constant Pressure on Eastern German States and Municipalities on the Expenditure Side

As the German constitution aims for equal living conditions, a huge number of political measures to enhance the conditions in the new states were undertaken after unification (known as the “Aufbau Ost”). In the new states, expenditure per capita rose significantly over the average expenditure of the old states and their municipalities and huge budget deficits occurred. Beginning in the mid-1990s, expenditure ...

2020| Kristina van Deuverden
Diskussionspapiere 1901 / 2020

Government Spending Multipliers in (Un)certain Times

We estimate the dynamic effects of government spending shocks, using time-varying volatility in US data modeled through a Markov switching process. We find that the average government spending multiplier is significantly and persistently above one, driven by a crowding-in of private consumption and non-residential investment. We rationalize the results empirically through a contemporaneously countercyclical ...

2020| Jan Philipp Fritsche, Mathias Klein, Malte Rieth

How Effective Are Bank Levies in Reducing Leverage Given the Debt Bias of Corporate Income Taxation?

To finance resolution funds, the regulatory toolkit has been expanded in many countries by bank levies. In addition, these levies are often designed to reduce incentives for banks to rely excessively on wholesale funding resulting in high leverage ratios. At the same time, corporate income taxation biases banks’ capital structure towards debt financing in light of the deductibility of interest on debt. ...

Vienna: SUERF, 2020, 6 S.
(SUERF Policy Briefs ; 21/2020)
| Franziska Bremus, Kirsten Schmidt, Lena Tonzer
277 results, from 11