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Monographien

Labor Supply under Participation and Hours Constraints: An Extended Structural Model for Policy Evaluations

The paper extends a static discrete-choice labor supply model by adding participation and hours constraints. We identify restrictions by survey information on the eligibility and search activities of individuals as well as actual and desired hours. This provides for a more robust identification of preferences and constraints. Both, preferences and restrictions are allowed to vary by and are related ...

Bonn: IZA, 2018, 50 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 12003)
| Kai-Uwe Müller, Michael Neumann, Katharina Wrohlich
Weekly Report

Also on Sundays, Women Perform Most of the Housework and Child Care

by Claire Samtleben Paid and unpaid work are still distributed very unequally between men and women in Germany. Regardless of time restrictions imposed by gainful employment, there is a gender- specific gap in time spent on housework and child care (gender care gap). The total volume of paid and unpaid work on weekdays is roughly the same for men and women (approx. 11 hours), although women perform ...

11.03.2019| Claire Samtleben
Weekly Report

Strong Correlation between Large Gender Pay Gaps and Non-Linear Pay in Certain Occupations

by Aline Zucco The gender pay gap of 21 percent in Germany is partly due to the fact that men and women work in different occupations. However, considerable pay gaps between men and women can also be observed within occupations, although the gap is not constant across occupations. In particular, there is a substantial gender pay gap in occupations with non-linear earnings, i.e. earnings increase non-linearly ...

11.03.2019| Aline Zucco
Weekly Report

Increasing number of women on supervisory boards of major companies in Germany: executive boards still dominated by men

By Elke Holst and Katharina Wrohlich The gender quota for supervisory boards is continuing to show its impact: the proportion of women on the supervisory boards of the 200 highest-performing companies in Germany increased by over two percentage points to 27 percent the past year. In the 100 largest companies, it increased by over three percentage points to 28 percent. However, there are now indications ...

18.01.2019| Elke Holst, Katharina Wrohlich
Weekly Report

Women on high-level boards of banks and insurance companies: growth coming to a standstill on supervisory boards

By Elke Holst and Katharina Wrohlich The proportion of women on executive boards of the 100 largest banks stagnated at almost nine percent in 2018. In the 60 largest insurance companies, the proportion increased by a good percentage point to almost ten percent. While growth on executive boards has been weakening in past years, it is now slowing down on supervisory boards in the financial sector as ...

18.01.2019| Elke Holst, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1787 / 2019

The Effect of a Ban on Gender-Based Pricing on Risk Selection in the German Health Insurance Market

Starting from December 2012, insurers in the European Union were prohibited from charging gender-discriminatory prices. We examine the effect of this unisex mandate on risk segmentation in the German health insurance market. While gender used to be a pricing factor in Germany's private health insurance (PHI) sector, it was never used as a pricing factor in the social health insurance (SHI) sector. ...

2019| Shan Huang, Martin Salm
Monographien

Drivers of Participation Elasticities across Europe: Gender or Earner Role within the Household?

We compute participation tax rates across the EU and find that work disincentives inherent in tax-benefit systems largely depend on household composition and the individual's earner role within the household. We then estimate participation elasticities using an IV Group estimator that enables us to investigate the responsiveness of individuals to work incentives. We contribute to the literature on ...

Bonn: IZA, 2018, 41 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 11359)
| Charlotte Bartels, Cortnie Shupe
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Paid Family Leave and Fertility: The Case of California

Current research on maternal and parental leave focuses on leave take-up and employment outcomes, finding that short leaves have beneficial labor market outcomes. As the US faces below replacement fertility and an aging population, we need to consider potential unintended fertility consequences of these policies. Generous European and Australian leave policies have increased fertility and...

05.06.2019| Pamela A. Meyerhofer (Cornell University)
SOEPpapers 1032 / 2019

Potenziale unfreiwilliger Teilzeit in Deutschland

Working-time political debates often focus on options for flexible and variable working hours. Meanwhile, employees' desire for more time sovereignty is gaining relevance. Although working time preferences and their impact on the German labor market are investigated in numerous studies, findings are inconsistent, varying with the data set, including the formulation and placement of questions in the ...

2019| Verena Tobsch, Elke Holst
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Changes in Gender Role Attitudes Following Couples’ Residential Relocations

Background: Residential relocations of couple households are associated with increases in objective gender inequality within families in paid and unpaid work. Little is known about how couples’ relocations affect subjective outcomes such as attitudes.Objective: We examine whether gender role attitudes change when families move residentially in Britain, empirically addressing potential explanations. ...

In: Demographic Research 40 (2019), Art. 39, S. 1111–1152 | Sergi Vidal, Philipp M.Lersch
471 results, from 11