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Monographien

Improving Preschool Provision and Encouraging Demand: Heterogeneous Impacts of a Large-Scale Program

This paper experimentally examines the impacts of a largescale government program that increased the supply and quality of community preschools in rural Cambodia. The construction of new preschool facilities was paired with two demand-side interventions designed to stimulate additional enrollment into preschools. The newly constructed preschools caused an increase in enrollment rates but the demand-side ...

Washington: World Bank, 2019, 69 S.
(Policy Research Working Paper ; 9070)
| Jan Berkes, Adrien Bouguen, Deon Filmer, Tsuyoshi Fukao
Monographien

Coupled Lotteries – A New Method to Analyze Inequality Aversion

We develop and implement a new measure for inequality aversion: two peers are endowed with identical binary lotteries and the only choice they make is whether they want to play out the lotteries independently or with perfect positive correlation (coupling). Coupling has no other e ect than preventing outcome inequality. We implement the method in a survey in rural Thailand as well as a supplemental ...

Munich: Collaborative Research Center Transregio 190, 2019, 50 .
(Discussion paper / Rationality & Competition, CRC TRR 190 ; 185)
| Melanie Koch,Lukas Menkhoff, Ulrich Schmidt
Berlin Lunchtime Meeting

Making a nation-wide randomized field experiment: Lessons from the Finnish basic income trial

The original goal of the Finnish experiment of 2017 and 2018 was to try to get some evidence on how a new social policy instrument mimicking a basic income would work and what kind of behavioral consequences it would have. The realized experiment was restricted to people aged 25–58 already receiving a labor market subsidy or unemployment allowance and a total of 2,000 participants were...

28.01.2020| Olli Kangas, Michael C. Burda, Jürgen Schupp
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Looking for the Missing Rich: Tracing the Top Tail of the Wealth Distribution

We analyse the top tail of the wealth distribution in France, Germany, and Spain using the first and second waves of the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS). Since top wealth is likely to be under-represented in household surveys, we integrate big fortunes from rich lists, estimate a Pareto distribution, and impute the missing rich. In addition to the Forbes list, we rely on national rich ...

In: International Tax and Public Finance 26 (2019), 6, S. 1234-1258 | Stefan Bach, Andreas Thiemann, Aline Zucco
Research Project

Wealth-Holders at the Top (WATT): An Interdisciplinary Research Network

How much do Germany’s top wealth holders own in assets? What are their socio-demographic and psychological characteristics? How do the rich get rich in the first place? And how involved are they in civic and political activities? The project Wealth-Holders at the Top (WATT) seeks to answer these key questions. The aim is to understand the extent, causes, and consequences of economic...

Current Project| German Socio-Economic Panel study
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Impact of the German Minimum Wage on Individual Wages and Monthly Earnings

This paper evaluates the short-run impact of the introduction of a statutory minimum wage in Germany on the hourly wages and monthly earnings of workers targeted by the reform. We first provide detailed descriptive evidence of changes to the wage structure in particular at the bottom of the distribution and distinguish between trends for regularly employed and marginally employed workers. In the causal ...

In: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik 240 (2020), 2-3, S. 201-231 | Patrick Burauel, Marco Caliendo, Markus M. Grabka, Cosima Obst, Malte Preuss, Carsten Schröder, Cortnie Shupe
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Top Incomes in Germany, 1871-2014

This study provides new evidence on top income shares in Germany from industrialization to the present. Income concentration was high in the nineteenth century, dropped sharply after WWI and during the hyperinflation years of the 1920s, then increased rapidly throughout the Nazi period beginning in the 1930s. Following the end of WWII, German top income shares returned to 1920s levels. The German pattern ...

In: The Journal of Economic History 79 (2019), 3, S. 669-707 | Charlotte Bartels
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Peer Composition of Pre-School Settings in England and Early Recorded Attainment among Low-Income Children

Evidence suggests that early education can promote children’s development and narrow attainment gaps between those from lower-income and higher-income families. However, realisation of these potential benefits depends on many factors, feasibly including peer composition. We use national census data for a year-group cohort of children in England in 2011, to answer two questions: how are low-income children ...

In: British Journal of Sociology of Education 40 (2019), 6, S. 717-741 | Kitty Stewart, Tammy Campbell, Ludovica Gambaro
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Wealth inequality in Germany, 1895-2017

(together with Thilo Albers (HU Berlin) und Moritz Schularick (Uni Bonn)) This paper provides the first long-run wealth inequality series for Germany. We combine wealth tax data, survey data, national accounts' household balance sheets, and lists of large wealth holders to study the accumulation and distribution of wealth in Germany from 1895 to 2017. We find that wealth concentration in...

24.07.2019| Charlotte Bartels
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Job Matching in Connected Regional and Occupational Labour Markets

Job mobility equilibrates disparities in local labour markets and influences the job-matching efficiency. We specify a matching function with regional, occupational and combined regional–occupational spillovers of unemployed and vacancies. To construct these spillovers, we use information on regional proximities and occupational similarities. Based on novel German data on new hires, the unemployed ...

In: Regional Studies 53 (2019), 8, S. 1085-1098 | Alexandra Fedorets, Franziska Lottmann, Michael Stops
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