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SOEPpapers 74 / 2007

Inequalities within Couples: Market Incomes and the Role of Taxes and Benefits in Europe

In spite of there being few elements of tax or cash benefit systems in developed countries that are any longer explicitly gender-biased in a discriminatory sense, it is well recognised that they have significant gender effects. To the extent that women earn less than men on average under tax-benefit systems that are progressive, there is some redistribution from men to women overall. However, an aggregate ...

2007| Francesco Figari, Herwig Immervoll, Horacio Levy, Holly Sutherland
SOEPpapers 329 / 2010

Are Education and Entrepreneurial Income Endogenous and Do Family Background Variables Make Sense as Instruments? A Bayesian Analysis

Education is a well-known driver of (entrepreneurial) income. The measurement of its influence, however, suffers from endogeneity suspicion. For instance, ability and occupational choice are mentioned as driving both the level of (entrepreneurial) income and of education. Using instrumental variables can provide a way out. However, three questions remain: whether endogeneity is really present, whether ...

2010| Jörn H. Block, Lennart F. Hoogerheide, A. Roy Thurik
SOEPpapers 396 / 2011

Longevity, Life-Cycle Behavior and Pension Reform

How can public pension systems be reformed to ensure fiscal stability in the face of increasing life expectancy? To address this pressing open question in public finance, we estimate a life-cycle model in which the optimal employment, retirement and consumption decisions of forward-looking individuals depend, inter alia, on life expectancy and the design of the public pension system. We calculate that, ...

2011| Peter Haan, Victoria Prowse
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2001

Success at Work, Life Patterns, and Overall Life Satisfaction: Changes in the Lives of Men and Women since the 1980s in West Germany

This paper focuses on the structural relationship between family building and upward mobility. Typically this relationship is analyzed for women only, while we include men as well. With new patterns of intimate partnerships and non-traditional families, on the one hand, and a changing labor market, on the other hand, new assertions about their connection have emerged. Using SOEP-data, the possible ...

2001| Angelika Tölke
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