432 results, from 1
DIW Weekly Report 5/6 / 2021

LGBTQI* People in Germany Face Staggering Health Disparities

Discrimination and rejection experienced by LGBTQI* people affect their mental health and, in the long term, their physical health as well. Survey data from the Socio-Economic Panel and Bielefeld University show that LGBTQI* people in Germany are affected by negative mental health outcomes three to four times more often than the rest of the population. Poor physical health that may be stress-related, ...

2021| David Kasprowski, Mirjam Fischer, Xiao Chen, Lisa de Vries, Martin Kroh, Simon Kühne, David Richter, Zaza Zindel

Attitudes on Voluntary and Mandatory Vaccination against COVID-19: Evidence from Germany

We study the willingness to get vaccinated and the acceptance of a policy of mandatory vaccination against COVID-19 in June and July 2020 in Germany based on a representative real time survey, a random sub-sample (SOEP-CoV) of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). About 70 percent of adults in Germany would voluntarily get vaccinated against the corona virus if a vaccine without side effects was ...

Rochester : SSRN, 2020, 42 S. | Daniel Graeber, Christoph Schmidt-Petri, Carsten Schröder
SOEPpapers 1110 / 2020

In Sickness and in Health? Health Shocks and Relationship Breakdown: Empirical Evidence from Germany

From an economic perspective, marriage and long-term partnership can be seen as a risk-pooling device. This informal insurance contract is, however, not fully enforceable. Each partner is free to leave when his or her support is needed in case of an adverse life event. An adverse health shock is a prominent example for such events. Since relationship breakdown itself is an extremely stressful experience, ...

2020| Christian Bünnings, Lucas Hafner, Simon Reif, Harald Tauchmann
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Genome-Wide Association Analyses of Risk Tolerance and Risky Behaviors in over 1 Million Individuals Identify Hundreds of Loci and Shared Genetic Influences

Humans vary substantially in their willingness to take risks. In a combined sample of over 1 million individuals, we conducted genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of general risk tolerance, adventurousness, and risky behaviors in the driving, drinking, smoking, and sexual domains. Across all GWAS, we identified hundreds of associated loci, including 99 loci associated with general risk tolerance. ...

In: Nature Genetics 51 (2019), S. 245-257 | Richard Karlsson Linnér, Pietro Biroli, Jonathan P. Beauchamp, Martin Kroh ...
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Is Healthy Neuroticism Associated with Chronic Conditions? A Coordinated Integrative Data Analysis

Current literature suggests that neuroticism is positively associated with maladaptive life choices, likelihood of disease, and mortality. However, recent research has identified circumstances under which neuroticism is associated with positive outcomes. The current project examined whether “healthy neuroticism”, defined as the interaction of neuroticism and conscientiousness, was associated with the ...

In: Collabra: Psychology 6 (2020), 1, Art. 42, 16 S. | Sara J. Weston, Eileen K. Graham, Nicholas A. Turiano, Damaris Aschwanden, Tom Booth, Fleur Harrison, Bryan D. James, Nathan A. Lewis, Steven R. Makkar, Swantje Mueller, Kristi M. Wisniewski, Tomiko Yoneda, Ruixue Zhaoyang, Avron Spiro, Johanna Drewelies, Gert G. Wagner, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Ilja Demuth, Sherry Willis, K. Warner Schaie, Martin Sliwinski, Richard A. Lipton, Mindy Katz, Ian J. Deary, Elizabeth M. Zelinski, David A. Bennett, Perminder S. Sachdev, Henry Brodaty, Julian N. Troller, David Ames, Margaret J. Wright, Denis Gerstorf, Mathias Allemand, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Andrea M. Piccinin, Scott M. Hofer, Daniel K. Mroczek

Call for Proposals: Possibilities for Analyzing Data from the Survey “The Spread of the Coronavirus in Germany: Socio-Economic Factors and Consequences” (SOEP-CoV)

From April to June 2020, the SOEP conducted the survey “The Spread of the Coronavirus in Germany: Socio-Economic Factors and Consequences” (SOEP-CoV) in cooperation with the University of Bielefeld and funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) (for a description of the methodology in German, see: ). For SOEP-CoV, ...

SOEPpapers 1107 / 2020

Industrial Robots, Workers’ Safety, and Health

This study explores the relationship between the adoption of industrial robots and workplace injuries using data from the United States (US) and Germany. Our empirical analyses, based on establishment-level data for the US, suggest that a one standard deviation increase in robot exposure reduces work-related injuries by approximately 16%. These results are driven by manufacturing firms (–28%), while ...

2020| Rania Gihleb, Osea Giuntella, Luca Stella, Tianyi Wang
DIW focus 6 / 2020

US and EU Secure Vaccine Production on Home Soil

The deployment of a safe and effective vaccine for Covid-19 will be central to lifting containment measures. In a bid to speed up vaccine deployment, governments are entering into ‘Advance Purchase Agreements’ (APAs) with vaccine companies to secure access to vaccine doses. We document and compare the vaccine procurement strategies of the US and the EU. Most notably, we find that both the US and the ...

2020| Jan Malek, Melissa Newham, Jo Seldeslachts, Marcel Wieting
SOEPpapers 1088 / 2020

Drinking is Different! Examining the Role of Locus of Control for Alcohol Consumption

Unhealthy behavior can be extremely costly from a micro- and macroeconomic perspective and exploring the determinants of such behavior is highly important from an economist’s point of view. We examine whether locus of control (LOC) can explain alcohol consumption as an important domain of health behavior. LOC measures how much an individual believes in the causal relationship between her own actions ...

2020| Marco Caliendo, Juliane Hennecke
Diskussionspapiere 1861 / 2020

Viral Shocks to the World Economy

We construct a news-based viral disease index and study the dynamic impact of epidemics on the world economy, using structural vector autoregressions. Epidemic shocks have persistently negative effects, both directly and indirectly, on affected countries and on world output. The shocks lead to a significant fall in global trade, employment, and consumer prices for three quarters, and the losses are ...

2020| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Malte Rieth
432 results, from 1