432 results, from 21
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

The Value of Data for Prediction Policy Problems: Evidence from Antibiotic Prescribing

This is an online seminar using Cisco Webex. You will receive the login data with the invitation to the talk. Abstract:   Large-scale personal data collection for the purpose of personalized predictions has been driven by high expectations of efficiency gains in many business and policy settings. Yet, quantifying the trade-off between the costs of linking disconnected silos of personal...

12.02.2021| Shan Huang, DIW Berlin
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Health Effects of Prenatal and Infancy Home Visiting Programs by Nurses: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial

Home visiting programmes are increasingly being implemented across the globe to help vulnerable families with young children, however longer-term experimental evidence on their health impacts on both parents and children is scarce. In this paper we study the medium-term health impacts of a randomized control trial to evaluate the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), one of the oldest home visitation...

19.02.2021| Gabriella Conti, University College London
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Effect of Retirement on Health - Evidence from Administrative Data

We combine unique data that include all practitioner health diagnoses based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) collected from all publicly insured individuals in Germany with a sizable cohort specific pension reform to study the causal effect of an increase in the retirement age on health. For the analysis, we use a cohort specific regression discontinuity design. The...

16.06.2020| Mara Barschkett
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Effect of Air Quality Alerts on School Absenteeism - Evidence from New York City

This study examines the relationship between air quality alerts and school absenteeism in New York City. Examining the effects of the alerts in school attendance is relevant because it helps us understand parents' avoidance behavior in situations of exacerbated exposure to air contaminants. Causality arises by exploiting the deterministic nature of the alerts with regression discontinuity...

22.10.2020| Luis Sarmiento
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Trajectories of Multiple Subjective Well-Being Facets Across Old Age: The Role of Health and Personality

Subjective well-being is often characterized by average stability across old age, but individual differencesare substantial and not yet fully understood. This study targets physical and cognitive health andpersonality as individual difference characteristics and examines their unique and interactive roles forlevel and change in a number of different facets of subjective well-being. We make use of medicaldiagnoses, ...

In: Psychology and Aging 35 (2020), 6, S. 894-909 | Sophie Potter, Johanna Drewelies, Jenny Wagner, Sandra Duezel, Annette Brose, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Ulman Lindenberger, Gert G. Wagner, Denis Gerstorf
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

Temporary employment and the midlife nadir in human well-being

Temporary employees rank lower than permanent employees on various measures of mental and physical health, including well-being. Furthermore, much research has indicated an approximate U-shape pattern between age and well-being with a nadir in midlife. Temporary employment may well have different associations with well-being across the lifespan, likely harming people in midlife more than...

03.06.2020| Alan Piper, FU Berlin and Europa-Universität Flensburg
SOEPpapers 1101 / 2020

The Value of Health - Empirical Issues when Estimating the Monetary Value of a QALY Based on Well-Being

Cost-utility analysis compares the monetary cost of health interventions to the associated health consequences expressed using quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). At whichthreshold the ratio of both is still acceptable is a highly contested issue. Obtaining societal valuations of the monetary value of a QALY can help in setting such threshold values but it remains methodologically challenging. A recent ...

2020| Sebastian Himmler, Jannis Stöckel, Job van Exel, Werner Brouwer
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Mortality by Education, Occupational Class and Income in Finland in the 1990s and 2000s

Differences in mortality by socio-economic position (SEP) are well established, but there is uncertainty as to which dimension of SEP is most important in what context. This study compares the relationship between three SEP dimensions and mortality in Finland, during the periods 1990–97 and 2000–07, and to existing results for Sweden. We use an 11% random sample from the Finnish population with information ...

In: Longitudinal and Life Course Studies im Ersch. (2020), S. 551-585 | Rasmus Hoffmann, Hannes Kröger, Lasse Tarkiainen, Pekka Martikainen
DIW Roundup 137 / 2020

Why Are We Eating so Much Meat?

There are various reasons why humans may want to reduce their consumption of meat and other animal products. In the following, we lay out important stylized facts about individual meat consumption, and then discuss the challenges and puzzles surrounding effective behavior change toward more sustainable, plant-based diets.

2020| Jana Friedrichsen, Manja Gärtner
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Effect of Unemployment on the Smoking Behavior of Couples

Although unemployment likely entails various externalities, research examining its spillover effects on spouses is scarce. This is the first paper to estimate effects of unemployment on the smoking behavior of both spouses. Using German Socio‐Economic Panel data, we combine matching and difference‐in‐differences estimation, employing the post‐double‐selection method for control variable selection via ...

In: Health Economics 29 (2020), 2, S. 154-170 | Jakob Everding, Jan Marcus
432 results, from 21