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1377 results, from 1321
Diskussionspapiere 991 / 2010

Dealing with Incomplete Household Panel Data in Inequality Research

Population surveys around the world face the problem of declining cooperation and participation rates of respondents. Not only can item nonresponse and unit nonresponse impair important outcome measures for inequality research such as total household disposable income; there is also a further case of missingness confronting household panel surveys that potentially biases results. The approach commonly ...

2010| Joachim R. Frick, Markus M. Grabka, Olaf Groh-Samberg
Externe Monographien

Entry Regulation and Entrepreneurship: Empirical Evidence from a German Natural Experiment

The amendment to the German Trade and Crafts Code in 2004 offers a natural experiment to asses the causal effects of this reform on the probabilities of being self-employed and transition into and out of self-employment, using cross-sections (2002-2006) of German microcensus data. This study applies the difference-in-differences technique in logit models for four occupational groups. Easing the educational ...

Berlin: Freie Univ. Berlin, FB Wirtschaftswiss., 2010, 37 S.
(Discussion Paper / School of Business & Economics ; 2010,24)
| Davud Rostam-Afschar
Diskussionspapiere 1200 / 2012

Persistence and Cycles in US Hours Worked

This paper analyses monthly hours worked in the US over the sample period 1939m1 - 2011m10 using a cyclical long memory model; this is based on Gegenbauer processes and characterised by autocorrelations decaying to zero cyclically and at a hyperbolic rate along with a spectral density that is unbounded at a non-zero frequency. The reason for choosing this specification is that the periodogram of the ...

2012| Guglielmo Maria Caporale, Luis A. Gil-Alana
SOEPpapers 318 / 2010

Occupational Affiliation Data and Measurement Errors in the German Socio-Economic Panel

This paper shows that there are severe measurement errors regarding the occupational affiliations in the German Socio-Economic Panel. These errors are traced back to the survey structure: in years where occupational information is gathered from the entire employed population instead of only from those declaring job or labor market status changes, average occupational mobility is around five times higher. ...

2010| Aysen Isaoglu
Diskussionspapiere 1065 / 2010

Entry Regulation and Entrepreneurship: Empirical Evidence from a German Natural Experiment

The amendment to the German Trade and Crafts Code in 2004 offers a natural experiment to asses the causal effects of this reform on the probabilities of being self-employed and transition into and out of self-employment, using cross-sections (2002-2006) of German microcensus data. This study applies the difference-in-differences technique in logit models for four occupational groups. Easing the educational ...

2010| Davud Rostam-Afschar
SOEPpapers 380 / 2011

Cardiovascular Consequences of Unfair Pay

This paper investigates physiological responses to perceptions of unfair pay. In a simple principal agent experiment agents produce revenue by working on a tedious task. Principals decide how this revenue is allocated between themselves and their agents. In this environment unfairness can arise if an agent's reward expectation is not met. Throughout the experiment we record agents' heart rate variability. ...

2011| Armin Falk, Ingo Menrath, Pablo Emilio Verde, Johannes Siegrist
SOEPpapers 263 / 2010

Screening, Competition, and Job Design: Economic Origins of Good Jobs

In recent decades, many firms offered more discretion to their employees, often increasing the productivity of effort but also leaving more opportunities for shirking. These "high-performance work systems" are difficult to understand in terms of standard moral hazard models. We show experimentally that complementarities between high effort discretion, rent-sharing, screening opportunities, and competition ...

2010| Björn Bartling, Ernst Fehr, Klaus M. Schmidt
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Quality of Life in Rural Areas: Processes of Divergence and Convergence

In Germany, processes can be observed that have long been out of keeping with the principle of equality of opportunity. Unemployment is concentrated in the structurally weak peripheral areas, in Eastern Germany in particular; emigration of young and better-educated people to the West is not diminishing, but contrary to expectation is again on the increase; aging processes have set in already, and when ...

In: Social Indicators Research 83 (2007), 2, S. 283-307 | Annette Spellerberg, Denis Huschka, Roland Habich
SOEPpapers 50 / 2007

The Marginal Utility of Income

In normative public economics it is crucial to know how fast the marginal utility of income declines as income increases. One needs this parameter for cost-benefit analysis, for optimal taxation and for the (Atkinson) measurement of inequality. We estimate this parameter using four large cross-sectional surveys of subjective happiness and two panel surveys. Altogether, the data cover over 50 countries ...

2007| Richard Layard, Guy Mayraz, Stephen J. Nickell
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Where Are the Industrial Technologies in Energy-Economy Models? An Innovative CGE Approach for Steel Production in Germany

Top-down computable general equilibrium (CGE) models are used extensively for analysis of energy and climate policies. Energy-intensive industries are usually represented in top-down economic models as abstract economic production functions, commonly of the constant-elasticity-of-substitution (CES) or translog functional form. This study explores methods for improving the realism of energy-intensive ...

In: Energy Economics 29 (2007), 4, S. 799-825 | Katja Schumacher, Ronald D. Sands
1377 results, from 1321
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