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1377 results, from 1331
Diskussionspapiere 991 / 2010

Dealing with Incomplete Household Panel Data in Inequality Research

Population surveys around the world face the problem of declining cooperation and participation rates of respondents. Not only can item nonresponse and unit nonresponse impair important outcome measures for inequality research such as total household disposable income; there is also a further case of missingness confronting household panel surveys that potentially biases results. The approach commonly ...

2010| Joachim R. Frick, Markus M. Grabka, Olaf Groh-Samberg
SOEPpapers 290 / 2010

Dealing with Incomplete Household Panel Data in Inequality Research

Population surveys around the world face the problem of declining cooperation and participation rates of respondents. Not only can item nonresponse and unit nonresponse impair important outcome measures for inequality research such as total household disposable income; there is also a further case of missingness confronting household panel surveys that potentially biases results. The approach commonly ...

2010| Joachim R. Frick, Markus M. Grabka, Olaf Groh-Samberg
SOEPpapers 274 / 2010

Revisiting the Income-Health Nexus: The Importance of Choosing the "Right" Indicator

We show that the choice of the welfare measure has a substantial impact on the degree of welfare-related health inequality. Combining various income and wealth measures with different health measures, we calculate 80 health concentration indices. The influence of the welfare measure is more pronounced when using subjective health measures than when using objective health measures.

2010| Nicolas R. Ziebarth, Joachim R. Frick
SOEPpapers 263 / 2010

Screening, Competition, and Job Design: Economic Origins of Good Jobs

In recent decades, many firms offered more discretion to their employees, often increasing the productivity of effort but also leaving more opportunities for shirking. These "high-performance work systems" are difficult to understand in terms of standard moral hazard models. We show experimentally that complementarities between high effort discretion, rent-sharing, screening opportunities, and competition ...

2010| Björn Bartling, Ernst Fehr, Klaus M. Schmidt
Diskussionspapiere 962 / 2009

Overcoming Data Limitations in Nonparametric Benchmarking: Applying PCA-DEA to Natural Gas Transmission

This paper provides an empirical demonstration for a practical approach of efficiency evaluation against the background of limited data availability in some regulated industries. Here, traditional DEA may result in a lack of discriminatory power when high numbers of variables but only limited observations are available. We apply PCA-DEA for radial efficiency measurement to US natural gas transmission ...

2009| Maria Nieswand, Astrid Cullmann, Anne Neumann
SOEPpapers 252 / 2009

Estimating Income Poverty in the Presence of Missing Data and Measurement Error

Reliable measures of poverty are an essential statistical tool for public policies aimed at reducing poverty. In this paper we consider the reliability of income poverty measures based on survey data which are typically plagued by missing data and measurement error. Neglecting these problems can bias the estimated poverty rates. We show how to derive upper and lower bounds for the population poverty ...

2009| Cheti Nicoletti, Franco Peracchi, Francesca Foliano
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Where Are the Industrial Technologies in Energy-Economy Models? An Innovative CGE Approach for Steel Production in Germany

Top-down computable general equilibrium (CGE) models are used extensively for analysis of energy and climate policies. Energy-intensive industries are usually represented in top-down economic models as abstract economic production functions, commonly of the constant-elasticity-of-substitution (CES) or translog functional form. This study explores methods for improving the realism of energy-intensive ...

In: Energy Economics 29 (2007), 4, S. 799-825 | Katja Schumacher, Ronald D. Sands
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Quality of Life in Rural Areas: Processes of Divergence and Convergence

In Germany, processes can be observed that have long been out of keeping with the principle of equality of opportunity. Unemployment is concentrated in the structurally weak peripheral areas, in Eastern Germany in particular; emigration of young and better-educated people to the West is not diminishing, but contrary to expectation is again on the increase; aging processes have set in already, and when ...

In: Social Indicators Research 83 (2007), 2, S. 283-307 | Annette Spellerberg, Denis Huschka, Roland Habich
SOEPpapers 50 / 2007

The Marginal Utility of Income

In normative public economics it is crucial to know how fast the marginal utility of income declines as income increases. One needs this parameter for cost-benefit analysis, for optimal taxation and for the (Atkinson) measurement of inequality. We estimate this parameter using four large cross-sectional surveys of subjective happiness and two panel surveys. Altogether, the data cover over 50 countries ...

2007| Richard Layard, Guy Mayraz, Stephen J. Nickell
SOEPpapers 76 / 2008

Does Job Satisfaction Improve the Health of Workers? New Evidence Using Panel Data and Objective Measures of Health

This paper evaluates the relationship between job satisfaction and measures of health of workers using the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). Methodologically, it addresses two important design problems encountered frequently in the literature: (a) cross-sectional causality problems and (b) absence of objective measures of physical health that complement self-reported measures of health status. Not ...

2008| Justina A. V. Fischer, Alfonso Sousa-Poza
1377 results, from 1331
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