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Externe referierte Aufsätze

Pathways for Germany’s Low-Carbon Energy Transformation Towards 2050

Like many other countries, Germany has defined goals to reduce its CO2-emissions following the Paris Agreement of the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP). The first successes in decarbonizing the electricity sector were already achieved under the German Energiewende. However, further steps in this direction, also concerning the heat and transport sectors, have stalled. This paper describes three possible ...

In: Energies 12 (2019), 15, 2988, 33 S. | Hans-Karl Bartholdsen, Anna Eidens, Konstantin Löffler, Frederik Seehaus, Felix Wejda, Thorsten Burandt, Pao-Yu Oei, Claudia Kemfert, Christian von Hirschhausen
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Changing the incentive to pollute: Heterogeneous effects of waste pricing policies

To internalize pollution externalities of municipal waste, Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) pricing schemes for unsorted waste are adopted worldwide. This paper estimates causal effects of PAYT on unsorted, recycling and total waste generation, and analyzes the determinants of policy adoption and compliance. The empirical strategy uses a multiple random forest approach on a unique six-year panel data...

29.05.2019| Marica Valente
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 2 / 2019

Linking Cap-and-Trade Systems and Green Finance

Die Verknüpfung von zwei oder mehr Cap-and-Trade-Systemen – „Linking“ – verspricht Kostenvorteile und signalisiert ein starkes Engagement für die gemeinsame Klimapolitik. Linking wird auch als eine mögliche Option angesehen, um von vereinzelten regionalen Initiativen zu einer globalen klimapolitischen Architektur zu konvergieren. Darüber hinaus kann Linking genutzt werden, um Investitionen in klimafreundliche ...

2019| Katharina Erdmann, Aleksandar Zaklan, Claudia Kemfert
Diskussionspapiere 1812 / 2019

The Impact of Population, Affluence, Technology, and Urbanization on CO2 Emissions across Income Groups

This paper analyzes the impact of urbanization on CO2 emissions within the STIRPAT framework over the period 1971 to 2014 for a panel of 76 countries clustered into income groups. Using dynamic panel estimations techniques, the empirical results robustly show an inverted N-shaped relationship between urbanization and CO2 emissions in the long-term associated with the ecological modernization theory ...

2019| Lars Sorge, Anne Neumann
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Consumption-Oriented Policy Instruments for Fostering Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Most policy instruments to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have focused on producers, and on the energy efficiency of buildings, vehicles and other products. Behavioural changes related to climate change also impact ‘in-use’ emissions, and potentially, emissions both ‘upstream’ (including from imported goods) and ‘downstream’ (eg disposal). Consumption-oriented policies may provide avenues to ...

In: Climate Policy 20 (2020), Suppl. 1, S. S58–S73 | Michael Grubb, Doug Crawford-Brown, Karsten Neuhoff, Karin Schanes, Sonja Hawkins, Alexandra Poncia
Diskussionspapiere 1834 / 2019

Can Governments Ban Materials with Large Carbon Footprint? Legal and Administrative Assessment of Product Carbon Requirements

This paper explores whether governments can ban carbon-intensive materials through product carbon requirements. By setting near-zero emission limits for the production of materials to be sold within a jurisdiction, governments would accelerate the phase out of carbon-intensive production processes. Their announcement could alert basic materials producers, financing institutions, and other relevant ...

2019| Timo Gerres, Manuel Haussner, Karsten Neuhoff, Alice Pirlot
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Structure, Drivers and Policy Implications of the European Carbon Footprint

Policy to reduce the European Union’s (EU) carbon footprint needs to be grounded in an understanding of the structure and drivers of both the domestic and internationally traded components. Here we analyse consumption-based emission accounts (for the main greenhouse gases (GHGs)) for the EU, focusing on understanding sectoral contributions and what changes have been observed over the last two decades, ...

In: Climate Policy 20 (2020), Suppl. 1, S. S39–S57 | Richard Wood, Karsten Neuhoff, Dan Moran, Moana Simas, Michael Grubb, Konstantin Stadler
Diskussionspapiere 1877 / 2020

Make Sure the Kids are OK: Indirect Effects of Ground-Level Ozone on Well-Being

This paper uses a panel of German individuals and highly granular pollution data to test if air pollution affects adults’ well-being indirectly through the health of their children. Results show that ozone decreases the well-being of individuals with children while not affecting persons without kids. We confirm the same effect for fine particulate matter and sulfur dioxide. Concerning the mechanism, ...

2020| Julia Rechlitz, Luis Sarmiento, Aleksandar Zaklan
Monographien

EU ETS up to 2030: Adjusting the Cap in Light of the IPCC1.5°C Special Report and the Paris Agreement: Ressortforschungsplan

Wir leiten ein mit dem Pariser Übereinkommen kompatibles EU-ETS-Budget auf Basis von Kosteneffizienzkriterien her mit dem Ziel, die globale Erwärmung mit einer Wahrscheinlichkeit von 50 bis 66% auf 1,5 Grad Celsius zu begrenzen und übersetzen es in einen Pfad der Cap-Reduktion. Unsere Berechnungen ergeben ein Budget von ca. 30 Gt CO2e für das EU ETS für 2016-2050. Unter aktuellen ETS-Parametern werden ...

Dessau-Roßlau: Umweltbundesamt, 2020, 33 S.
(Climate Change ; 2020, 07)
| Aleksandar Zaklan, Jakob Wachsmuth, Vicki Duscha
Diskussionspapiere 1859 / 2020

Time-Consistent Carbon Pricing: The Role of Carbon Contracts for Differences

Carbon pricing decisions by governments are prone to time-inconsistency, which causes the private sector to underinvest in emission-reducing technologies. We show that incentives for decarbonization can be improved if complementing carbon pricing with carbon contracts for differences, where the government commits to pay a fixed carbon price level to the investors. We derive conditions under which the ...

2020| Olga Chiappinelli, Karsten Neuhoff
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